Evolution Drama

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Evolution of DRAMA. Middle Ages. We must point out that the theatre of Shakespeare has its roots in medieval times. Bishops wanted to bring the Bible to the people. This is the reason why priests began to perform some biblical passages in order to make it easier to the people. Consequently, we can say that the origin of drama is the Church. Certain biblical episodes were represented only in Easter time. Morality plays 15th and 16th centuries. It showed the fate and the single human person. It were played by travelling companies. The most famous morality play is Everyman. Morality plays survive in Marlowe´s Dr Faustus with its soliloquizing protagonist, its Good and Bad Angels and its final moral. Mystery or Miracle plays This kind of plays were cycles of religious dramas performed not by priests but town guilds, craft associations of a religious kind. One important mystery play is The Play Called Corpus Christi. Early Tudor Drama (16th century)There were different kinds of drama in churches, streets, inn- yards, the royal court and in the houses of the nobility, schools and universities.  After 1530, drama became an important mass event. Authorities were more concerned about the control of plays. Since the break with the Catholic Church, the open air performances of mystery plays disappeared.  Puritans claimed the abolition of the theatre because they stated that it was an instrument of corruption related to the Catholic Church as it happened with the Christians of the Ancient Rome. Restoration drama: Some changes in drama at this point. Only public licensed theatres: The Royal Theatre, Inn Fields Theatre. Women began to play feminine characters. The audience was at first upper class or upper-middle class. The plays reflected the manners and moral values of the people who returned from France with the king. This was called Comedy of Manners. In some plays, love and sex had a bigger place, but with a comic and obvious treatment. For example, older men and women looking for younger lovers. New concerns, developed from the earlier city comedy. Plays also portrayed the differences between country life and city life. Complex and funny stories. Plays also satirized the false fashions and selfish behaviour of the time. Late Victorian Literature. Drama.The 19th century drama was basically Melodrama.  It had sound effects and clothing and stage changes. In this period began the actors cult. Sarah Bernard and John Irving became very famous and admired. The middle and the high classes began to frequent theatres. Although the predominant style was the melodrama, the serious or new dram was also present. It was the revival of drama, a drama of ideas. In 1850 was born the Music Hall that combined acting, music, dance and acrobatics. We must not forget another important art of the time: the Photography. Julia Cameron was one of the first women who became a famous photographer.

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