1.1 Environmental movement:
A social and political movement that seeks to protect and improve the quality of the environment.
Environmental value system:
A worldview that shapes the way an individual or group of people perceive environmental issues. This will be influenced by cultural, religious, economic and socio-political context.
Conservationist: Their emphasis was on the sustainable use of the environment and the management of its resources to allow for future development.
Preservationist: They advocate for the preservation of land and its resources in pristine untouched condition.
EVS Main approaches:
Ecocentric (nature centred): They say that humans need to work within natural systems to conserve the ecological processes on which all life depends. Inside the ecocentric view there are two sides.
Deep ecologists: It is an approach that considers the human being as part of the land in which he lives and that is why he must take care of it.
Soft ecologist: They believe that humans can extract resources from the nature but controlling and balancing ourselves. They believe that if we take a resource of the nature for our benefit, we have to return it.
Anthropocentric (people centred): They believe that humans need to manage the global system in a sustainable way. Through the use of government regulation as paying taxes.
Technocentric (technology centred):Their view is that technology will provide solution to environmental problem even if humans effects are pushing natural systems.
Cornucopians: Believe that humans can afford any situation.
Environmental managers: Consider the earth as a garden
WWF: world wide fund for nature
Silent Spring: Rachel Carson (1962)
No birds, DDT (pesticide)
Bald Eagles and peregrine falcons in the US
*DDT is used to kill the mosquitos that then cause yellow fever, prevents*
Minamata Bay disaster in japan (1956-1968)
Mercury and methylmercury in water
Fish contaminated → people ate from these fish were contaminated.
Chernobyl disaster (1986)
Reactor in a power plant exploded
Radioactive particles sent into the atmosphere
Areas contaminated: Ukraine, Belarus and Russia.
Evacuation - still exposed and under exclusion