1.External sensible knowledge
a. The Object of senses
- Formal object:
-Per Se (Direct): That which can be perceived by the sense
proper: only can be perceived by one Sense
common: it can be perceived by many Senses
-Per accidens(indirect): that Which the sense does not perceive by itself, but is added by the soul to The direct object. Our senses are never wrong. Experience
·Nature Of the sense:
Senses are potencies, Powers.They need a stimulation to go from Potency to act. Senses react to the action of an object. They Are passive if there is no activity they will not react.
1. It’s a capability
2. It’s a passive potency
3. It is not material nor spiritual, they are Bodies informed by an inmaterial principle which is the soul.
1. It’s a vital Phenomenon. Spontaneous and imminent
2. It’s an act of Knowledge. Knowledge is not only intelectual
3. It’s a relative knowledge.
4. It’s an intuition. It is an inmediate knowledge of a Specific present object.
1. The sense remains in potency While not excited.
2. The object acts according to Its nature.
3. This action is not purely Material. Substantial form.
4. The sense receives the action Of the object according to its nature. That also senses have a Specific nature, each sense has his own nature.
5. Once the sense has been Excited it reacts according to its nature, this is to say, it knows.
Conclusion: “it’s the common act of the Object and of the subject”
A. Common sense:
(i). Allows experiencing diverse sensations and it compares them.
(ii). Allows knowing the direct acts of the sensible knowledge.
It’s a sensible knowledge capability//Its object is not real, it’s imaginary//It implies: (i) Conservation of image (ii) Reproduction of the images
It’s a knowledge capability//Object: utility o danger of the perceived things//similar to intelligence
D. Memory: (past)
·Formal object: the past//proper act: to recognize memories
DIFFERENCE. In man, memory is also affected by his experienc BETWEEN MEMORY AND IMAGINATION:
The object of imagination is to represent something that is not present and the object of memory is to recognize the past.