Explain the following: Bordedom, Reflex Action, Imprinting, Direct experience, Indirect experience.

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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1.External sensible knowledge

  a. The Object of senses

  • Formal object:

-Per Se (Direct): That which can be perceived by the   sense

proper: only can be perceived by one Sense

common: it can be perceived by many Senses

-Per accidens(indirect): that Which the sense does not   perceive by itself, but is added by the soul to The direct   object. Our senses are never wrong. Experience

b. Senses

·Nature Of the sense:

Senses are potencies, Powers.They need a stimulation to go from Potency to act. Senses react to the action of an object. They Are passive if there is no activity they will not react.

  1. It’s a capability

  2. It’s a passive potency

 3. It is not material nor spiritual, they are Bodies informed by an inmaterial principle which is the soul.

c. Sensation

·Nature:

  1. It’s a vital Phenomenon. Spontaneous and imminent

 2. It’s an act of Knowledge. Knowledge is not only intelectual

  3. It’s a relative knowledge. 

  4. It’s an intuition. It is an inmediate knowledge of a Specific present object.


·Sensation’s Explanation: 

  1. The sense remains in potency While not excited. 

  2. The object acts according to Its nature.

  3. This action is not purely Material. Substantial form.

  4. The sense receives the action Of the object   according to its nature. That also senses have a Specific nature, each sense has his own nature.

  5. Once the sense has been Excited it reacts   according to its nature, this is to say, it knows.

Conclusion: “it’s the common act of the Object  and of the subject”

2.Internal senses:

A. Common sense:

  1. Functions:

   (i). Allows experiencing diverse sensations and it compares   them.

  (ii). Allows knowing the direct acts of the sensible knowledge.

2. Nature:

     not a reflective capability//not an intellectual capability//It falls onto our sensation of the objects.//It is like the core or root, or principle of external senses.

B. Imagination:

  It’s a sensible knowledge capability//Its object is not real, it’s imaginary//It implies: (i) Conservation of image  (ii) Reproduction of the images

C. Estimative:

  It’s a knowledge capability//Object: utility o danger  of the perceived things//similar to intelligence

   C1. Cogitative

D. Memory: (past)

·Formal object: the past//proper act: to recognize memories

DIFFERENCE. In man, memory is also affected by his experienc BETWEEN MEMORY AND IMAGINATION:

The object of imagination is to represent something that is not present and the object of memory is to recognize the past.

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