+Explain the structure, function, process of the American "anthropology of education"

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Anthropology is the study of humanity, of the ancient and modern people and their ways of life. Physical anthropology: studies the physical characteristics of humans through the fossils found and the distinctive features of contemporary groups. (primatology, human paleontology, forensic anthropology, population genetics.) Archeology: It is devoted to the study of material remains of past cultures. By reconstructing extinct forms of life, it seeks to know the ecological environment and the causes that led to its demise. Branches historical and industrial archeology. Anthrophological linguistics studies the diversity of languages ​​spoken by the existing human groups, attempts to reconstruct the history of their origin, as well as the role of the relationship between language and the development of the groups that speak it.Branches:historical linguistics, descriptive linguistics,sociolinguistics. Cultural anthropology:known as social anthropology. Refers to the analysis and description of cultures, both from the past and from human groups of today. Medical, urban, development, and religion anthropologies, as well as politics, anthropology and indigenous. Evolutionism school: argues that the societies shall pass through states of development, in that way they could be able to place in some of them. The work of the social scientist is to discover and present the stages that spanned all cultures to reach the highest level of development, associated with the European societies of that time. (Edward B. Tylor.) Historical particularism: every culture or society, is the consequence of its own particular process which result of the sum of the aspects who have been build it through the pass of time. (American Franz Boas). Diffusionism: emerges as a reaction to evolutionism, and proposes that cultures adopted their elements by imitation. Independent creation is discarded and, in this sense, the most ancient cultures are the centers of origin from which, over time, techniques and knowledge have been transmitted or distributed.Functionalism: emphasis of this British current is on function; the duty of the anthropologist is to describe the functions of the customs and institutions for the society studied, means by which we come to understand its origins. (Bronislaw Malinowski).Structural functionalism: of (Radcliffe-Brown), who added to the concept of function the place it occupied in the social structure, the way society was organized as a whole. Learning the language and local customs as the only method that provides valid and reliable data in anthropology. Neoevolutionism: Leslie White re-examines the evolutionist paradigm. The works of Morgan are re-examined and his contributions to the science of culture are redeemed: the existence of a cultural evolution determined by the amount of energy that could be captured and put into execution by person. French structuralism: Levi-Strauss, from Franceuses an analogy to explain the origin of the differences and similarities among cultures: the crux lies in the existence of a general structure (symphony), an underlying pattern common to all cultures. And what marks the difference among them is the melody, understood as the particular arrangement or interpretation that each society makes of them, where the main interest is to understand said structure. Man, Society, State: Otherness: perceiving the other puts us in the construction of the identity of the social being; identity is discovered by observing the diversity of others. It is an essential condition for the existence of the other, the identity of the same. Acculturation: (occur asymmetrically) Exchange of cultural features, a result of continuous direct contact between 2 groups. This contact can alter the cultural patterns of each group or both, with no group losing their differences. Enculturation: learning process of the culture which all humans are exposed. Affinity: Set of relationships that link 2groups through marriage, and help maintain relationships and social solidarity in groups larger than the nuclear family. Related person is in-law relative, because there are no blood relations. In all systems of kinship, affinity relationships take up a prominent place. Poliygyny:man lives and have sex with lots women simultaneously. (in few societies is common its common man can have as many women or wives as he can hold).

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