Fallacies

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Operant conditioning: it refers to the behavior voluntario.Una instrumental behavior is that which helps us to achieve certain effects. Classical conditioning: A learning relationships between stimuli. Antegrade: inability to acquire information and to remember something after brain injury . Blockade: an information search is frustrated when we need to remember something. Short-term memory, analyzes and organizes knowledge. Long-term memory: has our knowledge of the physical world, social and cultural reality, our autobiographical memories and language and meanings of concepts. basic memory processes: encoding, storage and retrieval. Episodic memory, autobiographical memory is personal or nso can remember dates, facts or events experienced in a time and place. Semantic memory: Macena knowledge of the language and the world, regardless of the circumstances of their learning. Levels of information processing: superficial, intermediate and deep. Amnesia is the partial or total loss of memory caused by the neurological status of person or for psychological reasons. Oblivion: the inability to remember names, dates, facts or conocimientos.Se caused by a glut of information or failure in recovery.



Thought: it is a mental activity that requires effort, is a free and creative attitude, is willing to take the enigmatic nature of life and give meaning to what we think and do. Units of thinking: images, words, concepts and rules. Thinking skills: concept formation, reasoning, decision making, problem solving, creative thinking, critical thinking. cognitive distortions, irrational beliefs are habits of thought or inaccurate, erroneous or distorting the facts. dichotomous thinking: is to perceive things as black or white, true or falsas.Falacias: is faulty reasoning, but are persuasive and appear valid. Fallacies formal: inferences are invalid, for breach of any law to deduct in the reasoning, but the logic can reveal these errors . Informal Fallacies: the error is not in the logical form of argument, but in the matter. Algorithm are ordered and finite set of operations that allow to solve a problem. Heuristics: These are strategies that can lead to a solution, but not guaranteed. Stages of the creative process: preparation, incubation, illumination and verification

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