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ALLITERATIVE REVIVAL. 1. Definition. A Poetic movement of the late14th and 15thc. Including a Large number of poems written in alliterative form, often unrhymed, but Sometimes using rhyme as well as alliteration. At the center of the movement is A group of poems of high literary quality. //    Also, several present historical material: the life of Alexander the Great (The Wars of Alexander), Jewish history (The Siege of Jerusalem), The Troy story (The Destruction of Troy), and the last years of Arthur (Morte Arthure). //     Additionally, There Are poems base on Old Testament stories (Cleanness and Patience), Romances (William of Palerne and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight), And poems presenting social, political, and ethical issues (Winners and Waster and Piers Plowman). What defines the works as a group is Their metrical practice, but the poems also share certain characteristic Attitudes of high seriousness and moral integrity. //       2. Origin The use of alliteration as A structural principle of a verse line is an ancient Germanic form, and it is Natural to assume a link with pre-Conquest verse. Also, Features of vocabulary Also recall the poetic diction of Anglo-Saxon poets.//     However, As far as the written record goes, the classical form of OE verse died out soon After the Conquest It was Replaced by looser forms with irregular rhythmic and alliterative patterns. The Most distinguished example of this is Layamon’s Brut, a long chronicle Of Britain composed in the late 12th or early 13th c. It Used to be the general view that the unrhymed alliterative line survived in Oral form from the Conquest to the mid-14th c.  //         More Recently objections have been raised to this idea, in particular that the Sophisticated literariness of the poems of the Revival, many of which are based On (or even closely translated from) long texts in French and Latin, can owe Nothing to an oral stage of transmission.  //       And It Has instead been proposed that the written tradition was maintained by monastic Authors and scribes in the West Midlands, but that all manuscripts of such Earlier texts have been lost.Yet, it is difficult to understand how all trace Of such poems could have vanished. An alternative hypothesis is that the Movement was a new creation of 14th-c. Poets, developed from a Variety of preexisting forms—in particular, alliterative verse in rhyming Stanzas and alliterative rhyming prose.//     However, the shared metrical practices of the Poets are so deep-rooted, subtle, and apparently traditional that it is Difficult to see how they could have been quickly assimilated and adopted. //      3. Authors and topics. Many of the authors were highly educated and able to translate Latin And French. They expected their audience to be attracted away from frivolous Subjects toward a learned presentation of historical, social, and religious Matters and they also relied on their audience having an appreciation of the Techniques of such arts as hawking, hunting, and siege warfare. //      While works of Chaucer, Gower, and Lydgate are sometimes preserved in de luxe copies made for the aristocracy, Manuscripts of alliterative poetry are humbler and less richly executed, Suggesting ownership by a lower social class. The allusion by Chaucer’s Parson To the revival—“I am a southren man; I Kan nat geeste rum ram ruf by lettre”//     

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