Arab-Israeli conflict (1947- Present day):
Participants→ Israel ( supported by the USA and Western Europe)
Palestinians (supported by Jordan, Syria and Egypt)
Development→ after the Holocaust, in 1947 the UN divided Palestine into two territories: Palestine and Israel. Palestinians didn’t agree and this produced a war between the Israel and Palestine and their Arab allies.
Result→ Israel won all those wars and acquired more territories from Arabs and Palestinians.
Today→ Several Palestinian organizations fight (both politically and militarily) to recover the territories occupied by the Jews after the WWII. The conflict is still unresolved,
Cuban Missile Crisis: (1962)
Participants→ Cuba (Fidel Castro) and the Soviet Union (N. Khrushchev)
United States (John F. Kennedy)
Development→ In 1961 Us troops tried to remove Fidel Castro’s communist regime by the failed Bay of Pigs invasion.
In 1962 Castro allowed his soviet allies to place nuclear missiles pointed towards USA in Cuba.
Result→ The USA and the Soviet Union had negotiations that avoided the direct conflict.
The Vietnam War: (1954–1975)
Participants→ Communist North Vietnam and the Vietcong guerrilla army.
South Vietnam supported by USA.
Development→ ·North Vietnam wanted to unify the country.
·The USA didn’t want a communist Vietnam that would make the neighbouring countries communist too (the domino effect).
·The USA carried out massive bombing campaigns but they weren’t able to defeat the Vietcong.
·The USA withdrew its troops in 1973. They had been defeated.
·In 1975 North Vietnam reunified the country and at the same time Laos and Cambodia became communist states too.
Today→ ·Today this war is known by its brutality, the use of chemical warfare and massacre of civilians→ anti-war movement in USA
·United states’ international prestige was damaged