020 and beyond: building an energy union: 20%: Reduce greenhouse emissions. Share of renewable energy. Energy savings. Oil gas and coal will not last forever. Europe is consuming and importing increasing quantities of energy. Massive technical, logistical and financial resources are involved in this sector. Efforts to secure the energy that Europeans need at an affordable price, while generating the least possible solutions. The world’s largest importer (consumes a 5th of the world’s total. Fortunately, uses the energy mix (Austria’s dams, Poland’s coal, France’s nuclear power and gas from Denmark and Netherlands. Oil from OPEC and Russia. Gas from Russia, Norway and Algeria. So they have to be efficient and set ambitious goals to diversify its energy sources and supply channels. Climate constrains: 80% of greenhouse gases come from fossil fuels. EU will need to cut down its uses and much more low-carbon energy sources. Europe must act together: European Coal and Steel Community. European Treaty on Atomic Energy (steel in force today). Energy policies have impact on industry, the environment, transport, research and innovation, and external relations. Europe’s goals: Securing europe’s energy supply. Ensuring that energy prices do not make Europe less competitive. Protecting the environment and fighting climate change. Improving energy grids. Challenges: accept the prices decided by world markets. Consume less by maintaining our living standards. The need to secure access to imported energy sources while supplying energy at the most competitive prices possible and at the same time protecting the environment. Energy efficiency: By using energy in better and more efficient ways. By becoming less dependent on energy imports. One main objective for 2020. Stop energy wastage from electrical appliances, industry and transport. Also by improving building efficiency (40% of all energy used by them, 36% of greenhouse emissions). Competition: common rules for the equitable use of grids. Supervising markets to prevent certain players from unjustly having monopolies. Up-to-date grids: need to be modernized to diversify existing resources and to make the market more fluid. 1$ trillion investment in the next 10 years. Energy storage, high-voltage lines, transnational gas pipelines. EU provides coordination and financial assistance.
Titles of Q1: Consumers are central to concerns. Safety: a key issue for Europeans. Leaders in low-carbon technology.Energy diplomacy. What the EU does: Empowering and stimulating the energy sector: protects vulnerable consumers. Provide further information to consumers, they have the right to know how much they consume and to choose where the energy comes from. Energy labeling. Cutting energy bills: keep prices as low as possible, and reduce energy bills. Creation of national authorities to every country, to ensure fair competition. Securing Europe’s energy supplies (prevention for gas and oil accessivity, energy grid cooperation). Stimulating the energy sector. The boom in renewables: renewables in EU contribute to reduce fossil fuel imports by 400€ billions. Energy efficiency, a promising market: stimulates growth. Installing energy saving technology, energy efficiency buildings (energy performance), more jobs (create 2 millions by 2020, 4 million in total), eco-design requirements, Energy star logo, energy labeling, more competition. Combating climate change: reduce levels of 1990 gas emissions by 20% in 2020. 85 to 95 by 2050. Climate change is involved in all decision making levels (local, regional, national, European). Europe’s place on world stage: Permanent dialogue with its main suppliers: Norway, Russia, OPEC, Gulf states. A stable long-term energy policy. Old energy plants, replace them by attracting investors providing them a clear and stable regularity framework. Energy security: EU energy security strategy: defines ways to reduce EU energy dependency and to increase energy security. Diversification of energy supplies, modernizing infrastructure, imcreasing EU energy production and moderating energy demand. European Integration: Decisions of one EU country may have repercussions to us all. EU countries must agree in their energy priorities in order to better coordinate their work and improvements in the energy sector to allow the EU to speak through one voice in the outside. 2030: to move towards a low-carbon society. To increase certainty for investors, especially for long-term infrastructure projects. And to contribute substantially in climate world summits. Energy efficiency improved by 27% in 2030. A truly common European energy policy is the only sustainable solution for the future.