- The SED controlled the government, supported by the Soviet Union, From 1949 with power lying with the First Secretary of the Party, Ulbricht.
- The GDR became in effect a one-party state; elections involved voting For a list of government-nominated candidates.
- Collectivisation was introduced as the mainstay of agricultural policy.
- Socialist economics and planning was used to develop industry and FiveYear Plans were introduced.
- In 1950, the GDR parliament enabled the creation of a Ministry for State Security (the Stasi); many East Germans became collaborators after 1953.
- From the mid-1950s repressive policies were increasingly introduced to Consolidate communist control of the SED, including the crime of ‘flight From the republic’.
- In 1953 many workers took advantage of their constitutional rights to go On strike and to demonstrate against government policies.
- The SED had to rely on Soviet troops to put down the June uprising of 1953.
- Collectivisation was unpopular and led to many East German farmers Emigrating.
- 1960-61 were years of crisis with growing dissatisfaction, increased Emigration to the West and threats to the security of East Berlin .
- It took the building of the Berlin Wall and a physical border between the GDR and the FRG to be able to establish communist control and policies.