¡Escribe tu texto aquTheNormandy landingswere thelanding operationson Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Alliedinvasion of NormandyinOperation OverlordduringWorld War II. CodenamedOperation Neptuneand often referred to asD-Day, it was the largest seaborne invasion in history. The operation began theliberationofGerman-occupied France(and later western Europe) and laid the foundations of the Allied victory on theWestern Front.
Planning for the operation began in 1943. In the months leading up to the invasion, the Allies conducted a substantial military deception, codenamed Operation Bodyguard, to mislead the Germans as to the date and location of the main Allied landings. The weather on D-Day was far from ideal, and the operation had to be delayed 24 hours; a further postponement would have meant a delay of at least two weeks, as the invasion planners had requirements for the phase of the moon, the tides, and the time of day that meant only a few days each month were deemed suitable. Adolf Hitler placed German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel in command of German forces and of developing fortifications along the Atlantic Wall in anticipation of an Allied invasion.
Theamphibious landingswere preceded by extensive aerial and naval bombardment and anairborne assault—thelanding of 24,000 American,British, and Canadian airborne troops shortly after midnight. Alliedinfantryandarmoureddivisionsbegan landing on the coast of France at 06:30. The target 50-mile (80 km) stretch of theNormandycoast was divided into five sectors:Utah,Omaha,Gold,Juno, andSword. Strong winds blew the landing craft east of their intended positions, particularly at Utah and Omaha. The men landed under heavy fire from gun emplacements overlooking the beaches, and the shore wasminedand covered with obstacles such as wooden stakes,metal tripods, and barbed wire, making the work of the beach-clearing teams difficult and dangerous. Casualties were heaviest at Omaha, with its high cliffs. At Gold, Juno, and Sword, several fortified towns were cleared in house-to-house fighting, and two major gun emplacements at Gold were disabled using specialised tanks.í!