SUMMARY OF CHAPTERS
In the first chapter tells of Don Augusto Perez, a singular man, everyday, for a rainy day goes out for walks. From there, looks at a woman and follows her to his website, where he was the caretaker. It had been so fascinated with this woman, q asked all he could to the concierge about her life.
In the second chapter, Augustus returns to his home where he is greeted by his servant. Throughout the morning he stayed in his office fantasizing about women. After some sleep, he began to write a letter to Eugenia. When I finish, he went to the home of Eugenia. On the way the cross, but did not much, and headed home. When you get him back to ask the concierge and told him that I had another suitor.
In the third chapter, Augusto goes to the casino to play the traditional game of chess with friend Victor is. But this time it plays very focused that does nothing but think of Eugenia. So rare to see Victor asks what happens and how much it all Augustus at the end Victor says he knows the woman.
Entering the fourth chapter, Augustus returns home thinking about the diminutive and the fog of love. Upon arrival into his room and began to think marriage between Eugenia and him.
Some nights they used to play tute Augustus and his servant. In one of those items, Augusto asked his servant and his wife (the cook) for their marriage. Then he began to speak of Eugenia Augustus, who knew the cook. At the end of speaking was sleep and dream of Eugenia.
The fifth chapter begins with the awakening of Don Augusto at home. He was a little thinking about your Eugenia and then went to the street. He went towards the building of Eugenia, in the way he met with the concierge, who he said he had a boyfriend. After the conversation, went to the mall to cool ideas. After a while be thinking, he saw the bushes move, he was a puppy. Augusto picked it up and called Orfeo
In the sixth chapter, Augusto goes to the home of Eugenia. When I was at the door, sees a woman in the balcony with a cage and a bird, which he drops and picks Augusto. She invites you to climb, and it turns out Eugenia's aunt. After taking much time talking, both agree on the idea that should be married Eugenia and Augustus.
The seventh chapter is quite sad, that Augustus questions about the mystery of life and death. Think you already have a purpose in this life, to conquer Eugenia. All this is saying while you Orpheus in his arms.
In the eighth, Augusto will house the guys Eugenia (invited by them to meet Eugenia). They talked for a while until she arrived. Augustus did not stop her. They talked about their likes. Until he left the issue of mortgage and Eugenia went into his room. Then Augustus told his guys aria impossible to conquer. Then he went home
A day later, in the ninth, Eugenia went to meet her boyfriend Mauritius. Which told him of Augustus and what they were talking about their economic situation. So Eugenia Mauricio told I had to find work. After that they parted.
In the tenth chapter, is Augusto Eugenia meditating on his beloved as he heads to the casino to meet Victor. But to go there was much that all the women were beautiful. Upon arrival at the casino I explain to Victor where he began to talk and think if I was him truly in love with Eugenia, he said only of consciousness. After this he went home.
The eleventh chapter began when Augustus goes back to the guys house. Arriving just spent some time, until I Eugenia. On arrival she began to lose control Augusto, until the guys arrived, and she went to her room. They were talking a long time, at the end Augustus decided to pay the mortgage.
In the twelfth chapter, Augustus is at home when the maid tells her that women come ironing. Upon entering his room, Augusto told how beautiful she was and explained what was wrong with Eugenia. She just cried, so embraced each other, was a special moment. When leaving, Augusto talk to her maid, who explained that he was totally in love with Eugenia.
The next morning, when I began the thirteenth chapter, Augustus was at home when I Eugenia wanted explanations on the mortgage. She came to the conclusion that he had cast for it. She was angry and went home. Augusto after that they went to church to clear his head. There he met an old friend, together they began to talk about the life of each
In the fourteenth chapter, we find Augustus, after talking with his old friend is going to the casino to play chess. But Victor is very rare, so Augusto asks what happens. He tells a long story about him and his wife and could not bear children. At the end of the story left and Augustus went home.
The fifteenth chapter begins when Aunt Eugenia Eugenia asks that he has against Augusto, this explains that it wants to use it. The aunt tries to convince Augustus is a good man and that he should marry, but she was adamant. At the end of the conversation came Augustus, who tells him what he had done was only to make her happy, not to marry.
The sixteenth chapter takes place just as Eugenia goes out and Augustus goes home to apologize. Eugenia is with her boyfriend and tells him he needs a job urgently, could not marry well. But he says that while it is him, she would have to work, so he proposes to marry Augustus and get money for Eugenia and Mauritius. Eugenia angrily went home.
We started the seventeenth chapter when we meet Don Augusto and Victor talking about their things. Victor invites you to remember the story of Don Augusto Rodríguez de Alburquerque Eloino and Alvarez de Castro. Victor said he wanted to include it in its nivola.In the end Augustus wonder if what happened was a novel, nivola or whatever.
In the eighteenth chapter, just end the conversation with Victor, Augustus went home, and she was Rosario (the ironing). They began to talk at length about his love time. Then, in a moment how much Rosario given that the heart is beating very fast, he explains that he is sick, if you will travel with him. She agrees and leaves. After this Augustus takes her dog for dinner.
Speaking of the nineteenth chapter, see Eugenia's aunt who goes to the house of Augustus in order to be reconciled to Eugenie, but also goes to the end if you pay the mortgage. After talking a while everything is at peace. When leaving the aunt, Augustus is meditating on the mysteries of life.
The twentieth chapter begins by asking if the trip Augusto Rosario was well. As I thought came Eugenia. They talked for a long time about what they had been cheating. Augustus also asked to commit, pro refused. Rosario Eugenia came after going to leave which I leave to head Augusto a mess.
The twenty-first chapter begins when Don Augusto and a friend named Antonio, are talking about things of each. Antonio how much the tragic story had been her marriage. After the story Augusto gasped.
In the twenty-second chapter begins the conversation between Augustus and his friend Victor. Augusto asked how it had become a father, and he replied that it was a blessing to the new family member. But in the end told Victor that if he wanted to keep their youth not to marry that metiese philosopher.
In the twenty-third chapter, Augusto, just after something terrible happened to him (he was in love with his cook) went to visit an important philosopher. They told him he had to do. After this and talk to Victor, came to an agreement, Augustus would have to marry one of the women who chose or get another one.
Just the interview with the philosopher and began the twenty-fourth chapter. Augustus went to his house thinking about what he had said. On arrival had an idea to be boyfriend Eugenia. But that depended on whether Eugenia had the gift of speech. Then came Rosario, and talked about this issue. As they talked Augusto behaved like a madman and Rosario was.
The twenty-fifth chapter begins with a conversation and Victor Augusto enters. Augusto and asks what to do, which is in an alarming situation. Victor tells him he must marry sooner. He says the only female psychology is marriage, something like what he had said before the philosopher.
The twenty-sixth chapter begins when Augustus goes to Eugenia's house to ask her to marry him. He thinks he will say no, but after talking a while, she accepts, and very happy to say it guys, inviting Augustus to eat.
The twenty-seventh chapter, tells us that Augustus has started a new life to be committed to Eugenia. She does not let you do many of the things you want. Soon Augusto asked to play the piano to compose a poem. After that she said that Mauritius would continue to pursue. And he tells Augusto that he find a job to let him alone, the next morning Mauritius already had jobs.
The next day began just as the twenty-eighth, came home from Mauritius Augustus. Mauricio gave thanks for the new job. And he said he was going to carry Rosario. Augusto woman scorned, and now he was with Eugenia Mauricio woman scorned. Augusto thought I was dreaming
Missing at the beginning of the twenty-ninth, just three days to the wedding of Augusto and Eugenia. Both were unite but Eugenia reserved. Eugenia started talking and where it could be commented that Rosario (knowing he was lying sap it of Mauritius). Augusto was perplexed. The next day he received a letter telling him that Eugenia was with Mauritius. Then he went to his house to think of it began to mourn.
The thirtieth chapter begins with a conversation between Victor and Augustus, who was very depressed. Victor Augusto seeing that was rejected and deceived by his fiancee, he advises that you should do is devour. Augustus was so depressed that he thought suicide.
In thirty-first chapter begins when Augustus goes to Salamanca, to speak with Miguel de Unamuno. That by August there had read an essay about suicide Unamuno. They talked a long while, as Unamuno said it was a fictitious entity that did not exist. At gladly said he would kill. But Unamuno who told him he was going to die. Augusto beg for his life, but not convinced. Sadly, he left without saying goodbye to Unamuno to the train coming home
At the beginning of the thirty-second chapter, Augustus was on the train that brought him home in the last years of his life. When he got home he told the cook that there was this to him and called her husband for him to see what was happening. Augusto then I keep asking for food, until he could eat more. Before going to bed the servant gave him a letter Unmuno saying you are left with it, I died. Then he went to bed and asked his servant who was beside him. Until his sleep, suddenly jump and scream the name of Eugenia, and fell into bed Murto.
The thirty-third chapter, the author begins by telling us that he had received the letter of Augustus. Unamuno regretted having killed him and thought of raising him. At bedtime, Augustus appeared in a dream and told him that he would rise, but Augusto said that like Don Quixote, he could not be revived. Later Unamuno said goodbye and disappeared. Unamuno who dreamed of dying, awoke with a tightness in the chest.
GENERATION OF '98
It has come to define the term "generation" as a chronological unit under which the story should be counted. It says that we distinguish between a generation that accepts its heritage of their ancestors, generations cumulative - that preserves and enriches the cultural heritage, and another that rejects this heritage and seeks a spontaneous, original, are elimination or combat generations. This guy is the Generation of 98.
ADespite numerous political and social changes that affected Spain during the first half of the twentieth century., cultural creation witnessed a renaissance, entered into an unusual phase of creative activity, there was a splendor which caused some scholars speak of this period as "The Silver Age", which got its start in 1898 and ends with the outbreak of civil war in 1936.
The first change is initiated by the loss of the last colonies of Spain, and in general, the conclusion of a long period of decline that had its origins in the seventeenth century. A large group of writers reacted against these events, in a constant search for causes and solutions to rebuild what was once Spain. They are known as the "98 Generation" and in this group are many important figures of Spanish literature. However, their activities were not confined only to literature but extended from the field of science, medicine and history to the testing.
Some members of this generation reached a place in world literature, such as the Basque writer Miguel de Unamuno, the author of the work discussed, who in his "Tragic Sense of Life," offers reflections and the basic themes of Existentialism .
In almost all the writers of the generation of Ninety Eight is fundamental concern about Spain and its problems.
The characteristics of the "Generation of Ninety-Eight" are:
- Pessimism patriotic:
- The country should not be praised out of doors.
- Spain must be known in its forgotten beauties..
- Europeanization: The Spanish culture loses its traditional character and is influenced by foreign models, especially German, English and French.
- Self-education: Refers to the writers of this generation are self-taught, leading to the press and book ideas and doctrines.
- Rebellion: The whole work of the generation of Ninety-Eight is characterized by a noble desire for renewal.
- Style: The Ninety-Eight writers conscientiously study the language, using the etymology of words. It is well known that there was a difference between the authors of 98 in style is concerned, but both shared a critical, questioning, and eager to modernize and liberalize Spain.
Fog in the work of two very important issues: love and truth and falsehood. In love, a love that comes from Augustus Eugenia, making it even doubt their own existence by opposing hypothetical right to life using real philosophical monologues, which in my opinion only tell the truth In the truth and lying is what causes lie Eugenia Augusto your trip at Rosario and Mauritius. And the truth is that Unamuno tells Augustus, which is a fictitious entity that's going to die, and certainly die.
Augusto Perez: The protagonist of Haze, a middle-aged man, lonely, tardiness, smoking cigars and spending all day and into the night meditating and making philosophical theories to himself. In the work Augusto awakens in his heart the love he had always remained lethargic. It's a spineless character, no defined life goals, what else to live is "let live." The worldview of Augustus, is to take events that occur and philosophize about them also to act quickly on problems or concerns that occur, for example, at the first time he saw Eugenie fell in love and decided that it should be your wife. This happens because your life is very relaxed, then have time to philosophize at the same time, does not know a lot about life, their decisions are light and fast.
Eugenia Domingo del Arco: The girl was struggling and was sacrificed by giving piano lessons even though he hated the music. She was whole, free, a woman of the future Augustus thought it was wonderful, majestic, heroic and all woman, a view that was influenced by the feeling of love that came over him, because at the end of the work shows that it was trailing liar and opportunist. His character was strong, dominant and not influenced by anyone left. He was physically a very attractive woman and arrogant, walking rhythm and beautiful. His worldview was to be independent, to arise by itself and to take control of your life, it is because of the delicate situation in which he lived as a child (his father's suicide) and the desire to get out of economic problems.
Victor, friend of Augustus and chess partner. Is who makes confidences, and philosophy reflects the protagonist. Victor can embody, at some point, the thought of Unamuno.
Domingo Liduvina: Faithful servants Augustus loved him and cared for him. Were married and lived in the same house as Augustus.
Orpheus: This little puppy that Augustus found himself lost in the woods became his best friend and confidant (or rather hearing) the problems and complaints of the protagonist.
Rosario: "The girl planchao" as it is called in the book, was a beautiful young woman who felt affection and perhaps more by Augusto and Eugenia told him he just wanted to take advantage of it. She proposed the philosopher protagonist Eugenia to forget and be devoted to it, and gave assurances that there was going to leave and would never care for him until the end. Augustus unwittingly actually engaged to Eugenia and this angered Rosarito, to the extent not seen again.
Ermelinda and Fermin: Eugenia Aunt and uncle respectively. Always look for the welfare of his daughter, who mocked them at the same time of Augustus.
Mauritius was the boyfriend of Eugenia, the typical spunky that all the girls wore street just snap your fingers, and was deeply in love with Eugenia. Was lazy and shiftless, lazy and careless.
S. Antolin Paparrigopoulos: philosopher who helped you solve your problems with love.
Marta (the concierge of the house of Eugenia): Who gave the hero a lot of information about Eugenia.
It also appears in his own work Unamuno, that he might consider as a main character more. He is carrying out the interview with Augustus, when he says he will die. It comes as something strange that a man does nothing to tell the truth that comes to mind.
TITLE OF THE MIST NOVEL
Fog is a title, although at first glance not consistent with the story, after a little reflection is found, depending on how you use the term "fog" in the dialogues and monologues in the play, which refers to the confusion, doubt, discomfort. . . Augustus felt throughout the work. The Fog is sadness, loneliness, ridicule and humiliation that supports this nivola Augusto de Unamuno. The Fog is also the question of existence that arises after the fun of Augusto Eugenia and after the interview with Unamuno.
The narrator is deductible, because you know the feelings, character, way of being and each of the actions of all characters that have been created by him, is omniscient, deduction is confirmed by the fact that the narrative is in third person.
INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL TIME
Time almost all the work is a linear time, but there a moment in which Unamuno inserted a little story that has nothing to do with the main argument. But this story is short, since it only contains a chapter of the book, so it does not change the chronological order of the work.
The story tells of Unamuno in Niebla occurs in a small town near Salamanca, this town is not mentioned in the work. Unamuno's office is recreated on the trip by Augustus to Salamanca.
Paradox: [...] Don Leoncio already said: no ye may thrust your head in what I fit in your pocket! To which should be added by plug-in: no ye may thrust in his pocket that you fit on the head!].
Allegory and personification: [...] Well, that is, dear Augustus, love your spare inert sleeping at the bottom of your soul, nowhere to get, came Eugenia, the pianist, I shook and his eyes remejió the pond sleeping in your love, awoke this, came out of it, and as is so large it extends to all parties. When you like you really love a woman falls in love while all the others.]
Antithesis: [...] This woman you say it is bad, without knowing it, has made me blind when I sight. I did not live and now I live, but now I live in is when I feel it is dying.]
Parallelism: [...] For the illusion, hope begets disappointment, memory, and the disappointment, remember, turn generates the illusion of hope.]
Metaphor: [...] The law is always sad, Don Augusto. And it's sad a love born and raised on the grave of another, like a plant that feeds such as mulching, the decay of another plant.]
From the book "Fog", Unamuno himself acknowledges the novelty involved his novel, and literally no 'pass' or 'happening' at all, but that is what happens to the character, it is doing what it is model at issue in the novel. Indeed Unamuno states that his novel is nothing more than a "Nivola", a genre that, in the same work is described by the character of Victor, and it is no more than a novel fast-acting, dialogue and focused much what happens to the characters.Reading this book is entertaining, funny and deeply philosophical, and so didactic as well as comforting. Influences also know that this is the first novel in which a character is revealed against the perpetrator before the decision maker to kill him.
Eloino Don Rodriguez was a man fond of Finance and did not have a decent life. He was traveling from house to house. One day I get to the house of a patron (Dona Sinfo), then he got really bad, and she saw that he was hurting business, so I decided I had to leave. Then a friend suggested he marry marry him, so when he died, he would leave some money for the widow. Dona Sinfo thought it, and got married. And then step than anyone imagined, it improves health, prompting the patron to thin out l missing. He left and they wished luck in life.
NOVEL EXTERNAL STRUCTURE
The novel is divided into a prologue, which is the first of several plays and novels, which represents an action that is the main result, which develops later. After this prologue happen or thirty-three chapters divisions are made in books or other written order for the best exposure. After these chapters ends with an epilogue or summary, conclusion of a speech, a play, novel, etc..
For readers familiar with the thoughts of Augustus, the main technique used are monologues Unamuno established with your dog Orpheus. In this sympathetic friend tells everything that happens in their lives, their misfortunes, love, indifference, doubt ... Therefore in the work, almost all reflections of Augustus occur when you are talking to your dog.
Example: - Oh, Orpheus! - Said in his house Augusto, giving milk to him. Oh, Orpheus! I took a huge step, the decisive step into your home, I entered the sanctuary. Do you know what is a decisive step? The winds of fortune push us all our steps are crucial. Our? Are our these steps? Walk, Orfeo, a tangled jungle and wild, pathless.
FUNCTION prologue and epilogue
The function of the prologue is neither more nor less than represent an action, which will be the main cause of action which is the body of the work. The epilogue is the end of the work, where we consider the case with the characters in the story, but Unamuno Niebla is not done with the characters, although one, Augusto's dog Orfeo. It tells us that Augustus died, Orpheus went to bed with him, seeing he was dead, began to remember everything that had happened to him, and then died of grief.
Narration, description, monologues and dialogues
What most prevalent in the "Nivola" de Unamuno are the dialogues. Also are some monologues, especially when Augustus reflects on life with your dog Orpheus. And there are large chunks of narrative, but what appears is the dialogue. One of the most important is the dialogue of the interview with Unamuno.
Well, the truth, dear Augustus, you can not kill you because you're not alive, nor dead, because they do not exist.
How not exist?
No, do not exist except as a body of fiction are not, poor Augustus, more than a figment of my imagination.
Look, Don Miguel ... lest you be mistaken, and that is you and not me fictional character, who does not actually exist.
You do not exist except in my fantasy, I repeat, and of course you can not do but what I really want, and of course I'm well pleased for you to kill yourself, do not commit suicide. He said!
That does not give me that well please, Mr. Unamuno, Spanish is very, very ugly. A novelist, playwright, can not at all what they feel like a character.
Good! Enough! Enough! (Exclaimed punching in the table). Shut up! I do not want to hear any more guff! ... And as I got fed up and also do not know as I do you, decide right now because you do not commit suicide, but kill me. You will die then, but soon!. Coming Soon!
How? (Exclaimed startled) What are you going to let me die, me die, kill me?
Yes, I will make you die!
Ah, never! Never, never! (Shouted)
Ah! (He said looking at him with pity and anger) So would you take your life and you resist you I remove it?
But I want to live, don Miguel, I live, I live .....
It can not, can not be
I want to live, live ... and be me, me, me.
But if you are but what I want ...
I want to be me, be me! Want to Live! (I cried the voice)
It can not, can not be ...
Look at Miguel for his children, his wife, for heaven's sake ... you will not see you, they will die. Don Miguel, by God, I live, I want to be me!