THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (1789-1792)
2.1. THE CAUSES OF THE REVOLUTION in the late 18th Century, France was plunged into a deep economic and social crisis. Poor Harvests caused food prices to increase, which led to popular protests. In addition, the bourgeoisie, wealthier now due To economic growth, were frustrated by Their lack of political influence and desired profound change. The French monarchy was impoverished as a result of its Excessive spending. The only solution was to introduce tax reforms: if the privileged classes began to pay taxes, the French state could be financed.
2.2. THE OUTBREAK OF THE REVOLUTION the privileged classes refused to Accept the tax reform. They called for a meeting of the estates general, the only body that could approve tax reforms. The king summoned the estates general. They met Versailles on 5th May, 1789, made up of representatives of the nobles, clergy and the third Estate, and presided over by the king. The vote in the institution was Normally carried out by the estate. However, in order to increase its Representation, the third estate requested individual suffrage. The king and The majority of the nobles and clergy rejected the request. Therefore, on 17th June, the third estate proclaimed themselves the national assembly (representatives of the nation). Locked out of their meeting hall, they met On a tennis court and on 20th June made a vow called the Tennis Court Oath. It stated that they would not disband until a constitution that reflected their Demands was drawn up. The people of Paris supported the Assembly and on 14th July, 1789 they stormed The Bastille. The Bastille was where political prisoners were detained and it Held a large supply of weapons. The revolution soon spread to other cities. In rural France, the peasants rebelled against the aristocracy, burning farms And palaces. Later that year Louis XVI constituent national assembly’s Legality