French revolution republic bourgeoisie 1794-1799

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1*R.F,bourg.Try accord FR a constnl&prlmry mnchy with K&C.Privl. NatCnstentAssmbly: CNS(1791)AbolishFdlsm, ✓DclrOfRightsOfMan&Ctzen(1789Augst). ConstBsed S/Pw, nationalsovergnity&legalEqualty,xero K rved rightOfVeto,also CensusSuffrage. When Const✓ form Legislative Assembly->New K's 2imploreLibrlsm,nbles pay taxes,✕guilds,NationalGuard4Rev. Flly2rsolve crisis,ChurchSlled&Confiscated♻State promised2fund Cthlcism,CivlConst Church/State. RyalFmly&C.Privl dont✓changes&ask Absl.Mchis inEu2help restore Absltsm. Aust.Army invade Fr&LouisXVI go2Paris(Flight2Varennes,Jn1791),arrested&Aus.Amy enter Paris(Sep1792).(S.R72-94)BetrayofK&MilitarInvasion led2 revoltOfCommPple(sans-culottes),10Aug92 AttackTuilieresPalace&Imprisioned RyalF,declareREP&started2phase of Rev.(GirondinConvention92-93)MdrateBourg controllRep,NationalConvtion elected by universal maleSuffrage,LouisXVI&QueenMarie;convictedOfTreason&Executed1793,EU form AbstistCoalition againstFr. In June 1793, the Jacobins, the most radical sector of the bourgeoisie, supported the demands of the popular sectors and took power. The revolution had already entered its most extreme phase. A new constitution was enacted that recognized popular sovereignty and the right to social equality. To reject the Austrian invasion, a massive levy was organized to force all citizens to join the army. To stop the conspirators, the Kingdom of Terror was imposed. Freedoms were suspended and people opposed to the government were imprisoned or revolutionary courts ordered their execution by guillotine. Prices and wages were controlled, counterrevolutionary assets were distributed among the poor, Church lands were sold and education became compulsory. Many people opposed the dictatorial government, and a coup in July 1794 put an end to the Jacobin government. Conservative Rep:The moderate bourgeoisie took back control of the Revolution and it entered its third and final phase. A new Constitution granted executive power to a collegial government, known as the Directory, and restored census suffrage. In this context of crisis and war against the absolutist powers, general Napoléon Bonaparte organised a coup in 1799 that ended the Directory.

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