Hydrocarbon:Simplest organic compound composed only of Carbon and Hydrogen.
Saturated Hydrocarbon:a hydrocarbon that contains only single bonds.
Unsaturated hydrocarbon:a hydrocarbon that contains at least one double or triple bond between carbon atoms
Fractional Distillation: the process by which petroleum can be separated into simpler components, called fractions as they condense at different temperatures.
Cracking:the process by which heavier fractions of petroleum are converted to gasoline by breaking their large molecule into smaller molecules
Alkane: hydrocarbon that contains only single bonds between carbon atoms.
Homologous series: describes a series of compounds that differ from one another by a repeating unit.
Parent chain:the longest continuous chain of carbon atoms in a branded chain alkane, alkene, alkyne
Substituent Group:the side branches that extend from the parent chain.
Cyclic hydrocarbon:an organic compound that contains a hydrocarbon ring.
Cycloalkane:cyclic hydrocarbons that contain single bonds in the ring.
Alkene:Unsaturated hydrocarbon with one or more double bonds between carbon atoms.
Alkyne: Unsaturated hydrocarbon with one or more triple bonds between carbon atoms.