Generacion 27 and 98

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The Genaracion of 27: The Generation of '27, named in honor homage to Gongora who celebrated in 1927, is one of the most important literary generations of Spanish literary history. It is primarily a generation of poets, except as Federico García Lorca that developed the theater with great brilliance, the best of the work of the rest is in his poetry. The generation of 27 has a first stage prior to 1936 in which almost all members run on parallel tracks. This generation, echo many current, cultivate leadership in its various versions: ultraism and creationism with Gerardo Diego, Manual foamFuturism at Cal y Canto Alberti, Surrealism in Lorca's Poet in New York, Cernuda, a river or a love Aleixandre, Espadas como labios. Salinas and Guillen is leaning toward a pure poetry, purified of everything that is not emotion lyric voice to you due to the first or the second Canticle. Also grown in these early stages neopopulism Alberti poetrywith Sailor on land, and Lorca's Gypsy Ballads include either a classic root poetry inspired by Garcilaso, Lope and Gongora as human Verses Gerardo Diego. After the war the trajectory of these poets is quite different. Lorca is dead, Alberti, Cernuda Guillen and Salinas are in exile, the last two die in it. There continue to write poetry away from the enthusiasm of its early hours. For Guillen has time to Clamor, Salinas hopes to return sometime in the confident, melancholy tinged AlbertiBaladas y canciones del Parana Cernuda and is obsessed with the end in a few hours or Despair of the chimera. Damaso Alonso, who before the war had cultivated poetry only tangentially, in 1944 Sons of public anger which, together with Shadow of the Paradise of Vicente Aleixandre, constitute a turning point in postwar poetry and have a decisive influence on the poets of succeeding generations. Generation of '98: We define the generation of 98 in a comprehensive manner, as a group of writers , thinkers, scientists, artists and so on., which are deeply affected by the crisis of the late nineteenth values and who believe that the 1898 war and the loss of the last remnants of what had been the Spanish empire, is an appropriate time for moral regeneration, social and cultural development. In this sense are part of the generation of 98 doctors andSantiago Ramon y Cajal, historians like Ramon Menendez Pidal, Jose Gutierrez Solana painters or writers like Miguel de Unamuno. The writers of the generation of 98 interested in the formal renewal of the proponents of modernist art, but differ from them because they seek simple and anti-rhetorical style, renew and enrich the language with neologisms, but prefer traditional Castilian lexical retrieve fallen into disuse, to introduce the many exotic words, sound, cosmopolitan, found in any modernist text. If modernism in poetry is its most representative literary genre, the group of 98 cultivated prose, the novel and especially to test, As appropriate gender to vent their concerns. Two issues are of concern primarily to this generation: the issue of Spain and the meaning of human life. The reflection on what is Spain, the reasons for its continuing decline since the seventeenth century, are issues of long tradition in Spanish literature , from the Baroque writers as Baltasar Gracian or Saavedra Fajardo, illustrated as the Gallows or Jovellanos, or romantic as Larra


Unamuno is part of the group of intellectuals who seek to get Spain out of its progressive collapse without recourse to political solutions. At first, it can represent his essay Around purity, believes that false patriotism, militarism, bad politicians and intellectuals negligence has caused the decline of Spain, opening it can find solution to Europe and conserving the Best Spanish root, which lasts over common men whose daily work is marking the passage of history, what he called theintrahistory. Unamuno later rejected that openness to Europe and other trial Life of Don Quixote and Sancho, praises the gentleman from La Mancha as a paradigm of moral values and spiritual rationalism versus European Spanish. Azorín in his earlier writings are also a sharp critique of Spain contemporary. Azorín the character who stars in his novels, Antonio Azorín or Will, is distressed to find a meaning to life and the moral and social misery that perceives around him. He believes that anarchism would be the quickest way to achieve social justice. Azorín mitigate its ideology rather from Confessions of a little philosopher, when he believes that only education and culture would make possible the reforms that Spain needed.Pio Baroja Spain pours his concern in his novels, especially in the search, the first of the trilogy The Struggle for Life. It presents a terrible image of the social reality of their time, those fighting for life from the stream, denouncing corruption, injustice and selfishness of Spanish society.
When asked about
the meaning of life and not finding answers these writers live a deep life crisis and existential. They have overcome the traditional religion have been profoundly influenced by the first existentialist philosophers and have separated from Catholic orthodoxy. Unamuno is torn between the impossibility of reconciling faith and reason, the desire to believe in immortality and the heartbreaking idea that after death there is nothing. Unable to use reason to get satisfactory answers resort to irrationalismReason is the enemy of life will end by saying. These issues are discussed in his essays The Tragic Sense of Life, The Agony of Christianity in his novels San Manuel Bueno Martir, Fog, or some play as the past returns. Baroja The answer to the meaning of life is to deny it, life is meaningless, the strong always triumphs over the weak, who must fight ever, but knows that the struggle is doomed to failure in this regard is the tree of knowledge of Baroja novel more immersed in the existential flow. Another aspect are clearly noventaiochistaCastile and admiration for his austere landscape, which provide a subjective manner and reflect more realistically land and people, he projected in his own mind, Castilla de Azorín or overland trip from Portugal and Spain de Unamuno, are books that respond to this trend. Besides Unamuno, Azorín and Baroja, are included in this literary generation Valle and Antonio Machado. The aesthetics of the Sonatas Valle him about the budgets of modernism, the hardness and sarcasm of his grotesques or Iberian Ruedo novels go much further in his fierce criticism of the social and political situation of his time that the Most reformers postulates the generation of '98. The interest rates and Castilian landscape, social criticism of some poemsCampos de Castilla by Machado come close to this group but differs from them by the symbolist intimacy Solitudes, galleries of other poems, the popular New songs and poems by Machado militants in civil war, where the circumstances showed . 98 ideas had been largely overtaken by events that triggered the civil war of 36.


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