"gerund" "keep" "admit" "miss" "risk" "imagine" "mind" site:uk

Classified in English

Written at on English with a size of 2.99 KB.

 

Verb+gerund or infinitive
--with gerund(negative with not before gerund)

Admit advise avoid can't help can't imagine can't stand complete consider discuss dislike don't mind enjoy finish give up imagine like love

--with to+infinitive
Afford agree appear arrange(organizar) ask attempt beg(suplicar) choose dare(osar) decide demand deserve(merecer) expect fail hesitate(dudar) hope intend(pretender) learn manage(ser capaz de) mean(pretender) need offer prepare pretend promise refuse seem threaten(amenazar) wait want wish 'd|would like

Other rules forma gerunds and infinitives
We use a gerund:
-as a subject or object of a verb.
-Reading is a great way to relax.

-after prepositions.
-S is famous for writing poetry.

-after be/get used to
-I'm used to driving long distances.
-You'll soon get used to speaking French.

You use to+infinitive:
-after adjectives:
-I'm very sad to leave you.

-to give a reason or show purpose:
-He went to the shops to buy a coat.


Verb+object+infinitive
Verb+to infinitive or verb+object+to infinitive:
Ask Beg Expect Help Mean Want Would hate 
Would like Would love Would prefer
I would love to come// I would love you to come.

Verb+object+to infinitive
Enable Force Invite Order Persuade Remind Teach Tell Warn
He reminded me to pay//They forced him to go.

Participles & participial phrases

-We can use present or past participles as adjectives: 
-Se was crying when she left the room//Crying, she left the room.
-He was frightened so he ran as fast as he could//Frightened, he ran as fast as he could

-When one action happens at the same time as another action, we use present participle:
-While he was walking up the stairs, he fainted.//Walking up the stairs, he fainted.

When one action happens before another action, we use perfect participle:
First he had his breakfast. Then he went out.//Having had his breakfast, he went out.

When one short action follows another short action, we can use present participle:

He picked up his phone.//Picking his phone, he left the house.


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