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The Middle East and Palestine

At the end of the First World War, the Ottoman Empire was dismantled and the Arab territories that formed part of it came to have French and British administrations or mandates. The Arabs aspired to create one great nation and their project was Supported by the French. However, in the 1920s, Zionist nationalism, which demanded the Creation of a Jewish State in the Middle East, encouraged the emigration of Jews from all Over the World to Palestine, one of the territories that had been left under the British mandate. This project was Supported by Great Britain, expressed in the Balfour Declaration.

THE BALFOUR DECLARATION the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Balfour, Sent a note to the Baron Rothschild expressing his Support for the Zionist plan to Create - a Jewish homeland' in Palestine.  Although it was Only a promise  the Jews Considered the Balfour Declaration the first recognition of their rights and One of the pillars On Which the State of Israel Was founded.

-In the interwar period, the Middle East became the site of confrontations between Western powers because of the economic and strategic importance of the region, which had large reserves of oil. After the Nazi Holocaust in the Second World War, Jewish pressure on the British increased, through their influential Community in the United States and a Strategy of riots and terrorist attacks in Palestine, intended to make the British relinquish their control to

the US.

Overwhelmed by the events, Great Britain delegated the resolution of the conflict to the UN, which in 1947 proposed the partition of Palestine into two States. A year later, Zionist leader David Ben-Gurion proclaimed the state of Israel and assumed the post of prime minister. This situation caused the first Arab-Israeli War, in which the Arabs were defeated and were left divided. This is how the planned Palestinian State disappeared and Israel expanded into its territory.

The Arab-Israeli conflict remained unsettled and new armed confrontations erupted: the Suez Crisis (1956), The Six-Day War (1967) and the Yom Kippur War (1973), used by Israel to extend its borders and put pressure on the Palestinians.

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