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GENERATION OF 27 OR GROUP OF POETIC 27, FEATURES, AUTHORS AND WORKS.

Generating call 27 for some poetic group of 27 to a group of poets who began publishing his works. In the decade of the '20s. Its main components are Pedro Salinas, Vicente Aleixandre, Federico García Lorca, Rafael Alberti, Jorge Guillén, Gerardo Diego, Damaso Alonso, Luis Cernuda, Emilio Prados, Manuel Altolaguirre.
Among the facts and circumstances which serve to unite them are the following:
1.
Born in the near future since 1891 Pedro Manuel Salinas to 1905 Altolaguirre.
2. They have a similar intellectual formation. Most are university students, some teachers and almost all live in the Resistance of Estudiantes in Madrid. Collaborate on the same journals. Like "The magazine of the West", "The Literary Gazette," "The Coast Magazine.
3. Great influence on all of Juan Ramón Jiménez and the Vanguards.

4.
Reindicaron the poetry of Luis de Gongora for what it represented pure poetic language and forms of perfection. To celebrate the tercentenary of the death of Gongora were met in 1927 organized a series of acts mainly as a tribute to the University of Seville in which all the poets of the Generation of '27 first read his poems in public.
5. Including internal poets together in the Collection of poems prepared by Gerardo Diego in 1932.
6. Not rise against the previous generation and are respectful of the Spanish literary tradition.
7. In them there is a unique style but a desire to renew the poetic language. Sometimes one match in his poetic career although each has a personal style.
8. The authors are characterized by the search for balance and harmony between different trends occur mainly in balance between feelings and reason.
9. Poetry is conceived as the brainchild and labor.
10. Propose a valid art both for minorities to majorities.


11. Join us as prayer meetings, and the popular and varguandista alternate elitism, clarity, and the universal Spanish.
12. Bring the best of all generations that precede attracted to the avant-garde.
13. They declare themselves heirs of the older generation and the symbolist poetry of Gustavo Adolfo Becquer and feel great passion for the classical as Garcilaso de la Vega, San Juan de la Cruz, Fray Luis de Leon, Francisco de Quevedo, Lope de Vega and especially Luis de Gongora.
Stages in their evolution where they are mainly three:
First phase,
until 1927 was characterized by the influence of Gustavo Adolfo Becquer the Vanguards of Modernism, Cubism Ultraism and where there is a large influx of lyric poetry and popular song-and traditional ballads.
Interestingly, the influence of poetry in which they intend to eliminate the human story and the feeling in the line of poetry "naked" by Juan Ramón Jiménez, poetry dehumanizing antiromanticism Ortega y Gasset and the avant-garde and therefore the only reason for the poetry is the artistic emotion mainly dominated artistic and poetic language of Luis de Gongora.
Second phase, from 1927 until the Civil War 1936 where he is mainly reflected a weariness of formalism previous dehumanized and initiates a process called re-humanization. He turns to the human and existential themes such as love, desire for full social concerns, etc.. Some are interested in the policy for the Republic and finally mainly adopting some techniques and themes of surrealism in particular the surrealist metaphor.
Third stage, we can call after the 1939 Civil War forward. Where the poetic group of 27 is rolled Federico García Lorca was shot in 1936 and the other writers are scattered in which exiled Luis Cernuda, Rafael Alberti, Pedro Salinas, Jorge Guillen whom made the policy as a common theme and stay lost in Spain, among others, Gerardo Diego, Damaso Alonso and Vicente Alexandre who write poetry and existential anguish. In exile poets tend to human subjects, universal, nostalgic distant Spain and poets who remain in Spain are often an anguished humanism

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