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vWhere did Islam begin?
--- Muslims believe in a single God.
--- Islam is a monotheistic religion.
--- It began in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th Century.
--- Arabian Peninsula is a flat religion between the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.
--- There were polytheistic until the Islam spread Across the Peninsula.
--- Mecca and Medina were important cities in the peninsula.
vMuhammad, the founder of Islam
--- was born in 570.
---he worked in the caravan trade, and he learnt about The ideas of the Judaism and the Christianity.
--- This religion was based on submission to Allah, or God, and was called Islam.
--- Muhammad promoted new religion, but in 622 he had To escape to Medina. (This event called Hegira marks the beginning of the Muslim era).
--- Muhammad’s sayings were recorded in the Quran, the Sacred book of Islam.
--- The declaration of faith: following the principle That “Only Allah is God, and Muhammad is Allah’s prophet.
--- Daily prayers: five times a day facing Mecca.
--- Fasting: do not eat from morning until night.
---Charity: Obligation to help poor people.
--- Pilgrimage: Each Muslim should make the pilgrimage To Mecca once in their lifetime.