Grammar

Classified in Language

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THE VERB
Function
It is the core of the verb phrase.
Depending on who says it, the predicate may be regarded as core, since the verb is always the core of the predicate or copula, as is the authentic core attribute predicate.
Depending on the core of the predicate, this can be verbal or nominal.
The verb always agrees in gender and number with the subject.
Shape
Lexeme and morpheme: "Ced-"
Thematic vowel "-ie-"
Weather, mood, voice and appearance "-is-"
Number and person, "" n-"
Verbal inflections
The conjugation thematic vowel indicates it belongs to the verb. It is the vowel or diphthong that follows the root. On 1st conjugation in the "a" in the 2nd and 3rd conjugation can be the "e", the "i" or the diphthong "ie".
The endings can be personal or not personal. The first report on the mode, tense, aspect, number and person. The personal not indicate whether the verb is an infinitive, a gerund or a participle.
Morpheme in number and person. This morpheme is unique to the personal forms. As its name suggests, reports on the grammatical person (1st, 2nd and 3rd) and number (singular or plural).
There would be no-s in the 2nd ps in the time requirement or even a simple past tense-is on the 2nd pp in the imperative mood.
Morpheme of time, manner and appearance. This is the segment that remains after isolating the root, the stem vowel and the morpheme of number and person. If after such segmentation is not any evidence, this morpheme is ø.
Significance
Difference between linking verbs and predicates, and within the latter between transitive and intransitive.
Nonpersonal forms of the verb (infinitive, gerund and participle) can function as verbs with their complements or as another part of speech.
The infinitive as a noun.
The gerund as an adverb modifying the verb.
The participial adjective performs the functions.
Uses verbal discourse
The verbal periphrasis
A verbal periphrasis that construction is formed by a verb in person, ie, conjugate and other staff in no way, which is the main verb. The attendant informed manner, time, appearance, number and person, and the main verb contributes the lexical meaning.
Features
The two verbs, the auxiliary and the main form a syntactic unit and meaning.
The auxiliary verb is wholly or partly grammaticalized. That means we have lost all or part of its original meaning. Thus, in the form "the girl began to mourn" the meaning of the verb lie is not the same as with "the girl lay in bed."
Nonpersonal forms have a grammatical dual nature: the infinitive is, in turn, noun and verb, the gerund, verb, adverb, participle, verb and adjective. However, in the verbal periphrasis lost one of its two values (the nominal, adverbial or adjectival) and retain only its verbal character. Example:
Infinitive periphrasis: these constructions allowed the infinitive nominalization, ie, its replacement by a pronoun or a nominal category.
"The students tried to delay the examination may be substituted for" the students sought to delay the examination. Therefore, the construction "sought to delay" is not a verbal periphrasis.
The infinitive periphrasis admit the possibility of putting and postpone unstressed pronouns, since they affect the two verb forms, for example: "Margaret, I'll tell you a story" you can say "Margaret, I'll tell you a story." In this case the unstressed pronoun can stand in front or behind the circumlocutions and therefore form a syntactic unit.

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