Classified in History

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2. The phases of the War
There were four phases:
    - The outbreak of war
    - The war of movement
    - Trench warfare
    - 1917: the las phases of the war

Belligerents in the First World War
- Allied Powers (based on the Triple Entente agreement)
          - France//British Empire//Russia (until 1917)//Serbia//Belgium//Japan//United States (from April 1917)
- Central powers (based on the Triple Alliance Agreement)
         - German Empire//Austria-Hungary//Ottoman Empire (late 1914)//Bulgaria (1915)//(Italy)

2a. What was the concrete cause of the First World War?
- The event that triggered the First World War was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife, the Archduchess, in Sarajevo on 28 june 1914
- The assassin was a young nationalist Bosnian student
- This caused Austria to declare war on Serbia

2b. What happened on the Western Front in the early stgs of t war?
- On the Western Front in the early stages of the War, there was a series of quick attacks made by Germany on France, through Belgium and Luxembourg
- This meant that by the beginning of September 1914, they were only 40km away from Paris
- The German Army hoped to achieve a quick victory on this front, which would allow it to concentrate its efforts on the Eastern Front
- However, the French and British armies stopped the advance at the Battle of the Marne

2d. Why did both sides need to look for new allies?
- Both sides needed new allies who could send more soldiers because after the Battle of the Marne, the Western Front became immobile, on both sides of the trenches from Switzerland to the North Sea

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