15. How the design of building can make a positive contribution to public realm?
- Get the rhythm right
- Reach out to the street
- Be a good neighbor
- Strengthen local identity
- Keep it rich from near and afar
16. How urban design can support safety?
- Ensure natural surveillance and human presence
- Make buildings from onto the public realm
- Put 'eyes on streets' and minimize exposed blank facades
- Mix uses, particularly at ground level, add vitality at different times of the day and night and over time
- Design an integrated network of streets, rather than more vulnerable cul-de-sacs
- Minimize conflict
- Provide safe routes for walking and cycling
- Design-in territoriality and community involvement
- Foster a sense of ownership, mutual protection and belonging?
The three-tier planning system in Hong Kong is under the Hong Kong Planning Standards and Guidelines (HKPSG). The planning system includes territorial/strategic plan (Hong Kong 2030), sub-regional plan and district/local plan.HKPSG is a Government manual of criteria for determining the scale, location and site requirements of various land uses and facilities. It should be applied with a degree of flexibility as it could affect the allocation of scarce land and financial resources. Trade-offs may be necessary so that the community at large could benefit most from the development. It is applicable in 4 aspects, including forward planning, development control, plan implementation and raising quality of life.The Hong Kong 2030 is a planning vision and strategy, tasked to update the Territorial Development Strategy for Hong Kong which is a long-term planning strategy to guide future development and provision of strategic infrastructure, and to help implement government policy target in a spatial form. The strategic town planning provides an important framework for Hong Kong's future development. Its focus includes providing Hong Kong with a good quality living environment, enhancing its economic competitiveness and strengthening its links with the Mainland.
Sub-regional plan is the sub-regional development strategy to provide a bridge between territorial and district/local planning.
District/local plans are the statutory plan prepared under the Town Planning Ordinance, for example, Outline Zoning Plan (OZP) and Development Permission Area Plan (DPA).
18. What are the difference in Outline Zoning Plan (OZP) and Development Permission Area Plan (DPA)??
- OZP is basically a plan that shows the land-use zonings and major road systems of individual planning scheme areas, while DPA serves as a control to unauthorized development in the rural areas.
- DPA Plan is prepared for an area not previously covered by OZP.?
- The land use information shown on a DPA plan is generally not as detailed as on an OZP.
- DPA will be replaced by rural OZPs normally within 3 years.
20. What are Class A, Class B, Class C site according to Hong Kong Building Regulation?
Class A site means a site, not being a class B site or class C site, that abuts on one specified street not less than 4.5 m wide or on more than one such street;
Class B site means, subject to paragraph (1), a corner site that abuts on 2 specified streets neither of which is less than 4.5 m wide;
Class C site means, subject to paragraph (1), a corner site that abuts on 3 specified streets none of which is less than 4.5 m wide.