(17)Which was the largest enlargement of the EU? Which countries joined the organization? The 2004 enlargement, Malta, Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia and Slovakia. (18)Why did 1971 represent a new beginning for the People’s Republic of China (when it comes to the role of the country in global politics)? They took the (permanent) place of Taiwan in the UNSC and thus were given the VETO power (19)What is the ASEAN Regional Forum? ASEAN, in full Association of Southeast Asian Nations, regional forum is an important forum for security dialogue in Asia. It draws together 27 members which have a bearing on the security of the Asia Pacific region. (20)List some of the failures of the League of Nations. Main one: did not (help to) prevent the outbreak of WWII. Failure to respond to the economic depression of the 1930s. Failure to act when Japan invaded Manchuria (1931). The Council’s delayed response to Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia (1935). Failure to intervene in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Failure to oppose to Hitler’s remilitarization of the Rhineland (1930s) + his occupation of Austria and Czechoslovakia (1936-1938 - I believe…) (21)Who said: “Politics …. Is governed by objective laws that have their roots in human nature”? Who is him? Hans Morgenthau, he was one of the leading twentieth-century figures in the study of International politics. He also made landmarks contributions to IR theory and the study of international Law (=he is considered to be (1 of) the father(s) of Realism) (22)What happened at the San Francisco conference (25 April-26 June 1945)? Ratification of the UN Charter (23)What does Chapter VII of UN Charter outline? “Action with respect to threats to the peace, breaches of peace, acts of aggression” (24)In which two occasions was Chapter VII invoked by the UN Security Council during the Cold War? Korean War (1950-53) and First Gulf War (1990-91) (25)How can international courts be classified? Give an example for each category. There are courts with universal scope (ICJ), Specialized tribunals (African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights; Inter-American Court of Human Rights) Ad Hoc Criminal Tribunals (International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda), Regional courts (African Court of Justice; Economic Community of West African States Court of Justice) and private International arbitration (London Court of International Arbitration).