1.5. ECONOMY AND SOCIETY
Economic and demographic crises of the 14th century, cereal farming went into decline. This became a source of a conflict for those searching alternatives.
CROWN OF CASTILLA
Exportation of wool was very important. Transhumance livestock farming developed; shepherds migrated between seasons in search of pastures. Flocks travelled along paths protected by the crown called cañadas reales. Catholic Monarchs received taxes from the wool trade, they gave numerous privileges to who controlled this activity ( Honrado Concejo de la Mesta). In 1494, Burgos Consulate control the exportation of wool from the Cantabrian ports. Spanish textile industry developed just enough to cover domestic demand. Agriculture suffered increase in livestock farming. Pasture land increased, replacing the land dedicated to growing crops. Except in Andalucía where they continued producing wine and oil. During the 16th century, main source of wealth (gold and silver) from Americas.
CROWN OF ARAGÓN
“Feudal abuses” provoked number of available resources declined. Ferdinand “the Catholic” ended this conflict by stopping the feudal abuses of the nobility with the Sentencia Arbitral de Guadalupe in 1486. Trade in the Mediterranean, the main ports were Valencia and Barcelona. The monarchs protected local industries by placing taxes or duties on foreign products