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Classified in History

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UNIT 8

(The 1970s and 1980s)

THE END OF THE 1970s: JAMES E. CARTER (1977-81)

oDemocrat, first president From the Deep South since Civil War.

oUnsuccessful in getting Support in Congress for many measures.

oOther problems and failures:

oInherited an Economy emerging from a recession o Unemployment and inflation Remained high.

oFuel Crisis (1979)

o Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT II) not ratified by Congress o The Iranian Hostage Crisis (1979)

oThe Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (1980)






THE IRANIAN HOSTAGE CRISIS (1979-81)

On November 4, 1979, an angry mob of Young Islamic revolutionaries overran the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, taking more Than 60 Americans hostage. "From the moment the hostages were seized until They were released minutes after Ronald Reagan took the oath of office as President 444 days later," wrote historian Gaddis Smith, "the crisis Absorbed more concentrated effort by American officials and had more extensive Coverage on television and in the press than any other event since World War II."

A man holding a sign during a protest Of the crisis in Washington, D.C., in 1979. The sign reads "Deport all Iranians" and "Get the hell out of my country" on its forefront, And "Release all Americans now" on its back.

After the Iranian hostage crisis (1979–1981), the walls of the former U.S. Embassy in Tehran were covered in Mostly anti-American murals.

Film

Argo (Dir. Ben Affleck, 2012)

Historical drama thriller film Adapted from the book The Master of Disguise by CIA operative Tony Mendez, in Which Mendez led the rescue of six U.S. Diplomats from Tehran, Iran, during the 1979 Iran hostage crisis


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