STATE OF NATURE: The state in which humanity was before they formed societies, before there collective ties. WAR AND PEACE: In the state of nature there are no judges and positive laws, which regulate the natural law. There is a state of peace while there is no use of force without right, since this leads to a state of war, which is "a state of enmity and destruction." The state of war may be in the state of nature or in civil society. The war of all against all is not a necessity, but is a possibility. The men organized into companies and establish a power "to appeal" to ensure peaceful coexistence. NATURAL LAW: are certain rules of nature that govern human behavior and can be discovered by reason. Every individual is free to decide rationally. The reason gives moral autonomy, which makes it independent of any ecclesiastical power. Speaking of Locke's natural state of a natural moral law that can be discovered by reason. This law obliges all and teaches that all men are equal and independent and that no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or property as creatures of God. In short, natural law is the guarantee that prevents the transformation of freedom into anarchy, introducing a system of rights and duties to man. AUTHORITY: is total rejection of absolutism, Locke wants the authority is limited by the consent of people, by law, to eliminate the risk of arbitrariness, even exposing themselves to certain anarchy. <> <> This group of men to live in a state of nature and should be associated to form one people, one body politic under one government or when someone joins or incorporated into any government and constitution.
LIABILITY: The delivery man waiting for individual rights to make profits, the company receives these rights and turn them over to the government, which becomes trustee of the society, in the same way as this one is the subject. Thus begins a relationship of trust with the government, hoping that pursues the good of the community. Violate the agreement can terminate the term. Unlike Locke well the authority of a parent of a son of a master over the slave, but the obligation to obey the sovereign subject of the contract comes as recognized. The only way to allow the standing is by consent of those over whom power is exercised, the origin of civil society must be the express or tacit pact "between those who agreed. AGREEMENT: Certainly when men decide join in partnership forgo a large part of the freedom they had before. Each resignation to the legislature and the executive, which were his in the state of nature, but not for delivery to an absolute ruler with unlimited authority, as suggested by Hobbes. If everyone gives up his special power, it does so through an agreement with other men, according to which all combine to form a community, a political body in which the majority is entitled to act and decide on behalf of all. PEOPLE: Solo when a group of men united in society giving each of them, the power to execute the natural law, transferring it to the community, only then is a political or civil society "This group of men to live in a state of nature and should associate to form one people, one body politic under one government, or when someone joins or incorporated into any government and constitution. PUBLIC GOOD: That fact allows the company or, what is, to its legislative to make laws on their behalf as appropriate to the public good of society and to play whenever you require their own assistance (as if it were his own opinions.)That's what brings people of a state of nature and places them in a civil society, ie to establish the fact in this world a judge with authority to decide all disputes and repair all the damage they may suffer any member of the same strength of the state: For the formation of these laws that should govern society, Locke argues that the theory of separation of powers, three powers exercising sovereign power. Legislative power is one that has the right to designate the force should be used as the political community and the members thereof. Stresses the need exist, and federal executive to look after the continuous application of the law. WELL advertising: That fact allows the company or, what is, to its legislative power to make laws on their behalf as convenient for the public good of society and to play whenever you require their own assistance (as if it were his own opinions.) That's what brings people of a state of nature and places them in a civil society, ie to establish the fact in this world a judge with authority to decide all disputes and repair all the damage they may suffer any member thereof.