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Step 2: Keep your subject away from complicated, detailed and distracting backgrounds.

Step 3: Don’t be afraid to move in close.

Step 4: Take some vertical shots.

Step 5: Lock the focus on your subject.

Step 6: Move the subject away from the middle.

Step 7: Frame your photo with something in the foreground.

Step 8: Watch your light and keep your subject out of the extremes.

Step 9: Tell your subjects where to move, and where to stand.

Step 10: Take lots of pictures.

Step 11: Don’t stop after every shot to check the digital image.



1. The Hook Shot

This shot is sometimes called a leading shot. It’s the shot that grabs you or ‘hooks’ your attention and draws you into the photo-essay. It’s often the   first shot of the essay. It is an image of a thing or person that is often very creative and leaves the viewer wanting

information about the topic.

2. The Establishing Shot

The establishing shot lays out the visual context for the story. It is often a   wide shot that shows the setting or the environment where the story takes place or where the character lives/has been.

3. The Medium Shot

The medium shot serves to inform the viewer who the   caracters are, and what they are doing. The shot should include both the subject and its surrounding. If your story has people in it, the shot will have two or three people all interacting in some way - or you might have an individual working with some equipment or doing some job. But it’s not a detail shot.

4. The Detail Shot

As the name implies the shot has to do with the details. These shots add fl avour to the story – they put the   sauce on the meat. It is the detail shot that that creates intimacy with the viewer.

5. The Portrait shot

Often a tight portrait or head shot, but it can sometimes include the environment. This shot gives a face to your characters. It makes the story   personal to someone.

6. The Gesture

This can be someone shooting basketballs or running. But it is often an interaction between two subjects in the story. There’s usually movement involved in some sort of action or   dialogue between the subjects. By having this shot in the essay we stop the essay from becoming a series of too many portraits.

7. The Closure

The hook and the establishing shot usually come in the first section of the photo-essay. The only other shot that has a definite place within the essay is the one called ‘the closure’. The closure, as the name implies, it is the parting shot. It draws things to an end. This shot provides a   resolution for the story



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