Internal leakage in

Classified in Geography

Written at on English with a size of 2.18 KB.

INDEPENDENT EMIRATE: In 756, after the rise of the Abbasid dynasty in Damascus, a member of the Umayyad family took refuge in Al-Andalus and formed an emirate independent of the Caliphate of Baghdad. The Emir, Abd al-Rahman I, founded a very successful dynasty.
CALIPHATE: In 929, Abd al-Rahman III broke all ties with Baghdad and proclaimed himself caliph. This was the start of the caliphate of Córdoba, which was the period of greatest splendour for Al-Andalus due to its political, economic and cultural importance. Its capital, Córdoba, became the most important city in western Europe. However, the caliphs faced internal divisions: rivalry between Arabs and Berbers, on one hand, and problems with the Mozarabs and muladis, in the other. These conflicts caused the Caliphate of Cordoba to divide into various kingdoms called taifa Kingdoms in 1031.  
The Muslims only settled in the richest agricultural regions, such as the Guadalquivir and Ebro valleys, and on the east coast. In poorer areas such as the mountain ranges of northern Spain, there was much less pressure from the conquerors, so the Christians were able to organise enclaves of resistance.
These Christian areas fought to secure their enclaves during the 8th century and later began a phase of expansion that led them to the River Duero. In response, the Muslims carried out expeditions against Christian territories. They departed from Córdoba to plunder the fields and obtain booty. These expeditions included those conducted by Abd al-Rahman III during his time as caliph (929-961) anda Almanzor, Who was the prime minister of caliph Hixam II

Entradas relacionadas: