The county court:
deals with civil matters: claims for debt repayment, Personal injury, Breach of contract concerning goods or property, Family issues, Housing disputes(mortgage, council rent arrears, repossession). Most County Courts cases are between people and companies who believe that someone owes them money.
The Crown Court:
Deals with more serious criminal cases (murder, rape, robbery) which are on appeal or referred from the Magistrate's Court's.
So, deals with cases transferred from Magistrate's Courts, decisions of the Magistrate's Courts and deals with cases sent for sentence from MC.
Trials are feradd by a judge and a 12 person jury
There are 77 centres across England and Wales
The Supreme Court:
In 2009 The Sup Cou replaced the Apellate Comitte of the House of Lords as the highest court in Uk. Now, it is explicity separate from both Governmennt and Parliament. The Court heras appeals on arguable points of law for the whole Uk in civil cases and for England Wales and northern Ireland in criminal cases.
Decides devolution issues (whether the devolved executive and legislative authorities in Scotland, Wales and, NI have acted within threir powers or have failed to comply with other any duty imposed on them. Devolution cases can reach the SC in 3 ways:
1) Through a reference from someone with relevant authority (attorney general) whether or not the issue is subject of litigation
2)Through an appeal from certain higher courts in England, Wales, Scotland,NI.
3)Through a reference from certain appellate courts.
Tribunals are set up by Acts of Parliament and supplement the system of courts. They decided the rights and obligations of private citizens towards each other and towards a government department of public authority.
The intention of tribunals is to provide less formal proceeding in which claimants could lodge claims and respondents defend them and resolve their disputes without legal representation.
they are inferior to the courts and their decisions are subject to judicial reviews (examination of a Higher court) making progress into a lower court.
Some examples of tribunals: Employment tribunal, Lands Tribunal...
Composition of tribunals: The tribunal consists of three members: chairperson (the only person legally qualified. 2 lay representatives (expertise in all areas governed by the tribunal. Hearing clerk ( The responsible of administering procedures, clerical staff and hearing accommodation).
Participacion ciudadana en los tribunales:
Ajury is made up of 12 members of the public, randomly selected using the electoral system.
A jury decides wheteher someone is innocent or guilty of committing a serious crime. You may be asked to be on a jury at a civil trial, if you:
1) are at least 18 years old and under 70 years old.
2) are listed on the electoral register
3) have lived in the UK for any period of at least 5 years since you were 13 years old.
You can't be on a jury if you:
1) have ever had a prison or youth custody sentence of more then 5 years.
2) have ever been in prison or youth custody sentence for a lenth of time in the last 10 years.
3) have or have had a mental healthcondition or mental disability.