Kidney excretion of waste

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FUNCTIONS: Clean the blood and remove extra fluid, keep your body chemicals in balance, filter Out waste products, control blood pressure and red blood cells. KIDNEY FAILURE: Kidneys stop working or when the level of working is less than 15%. The result Is a build-up of fluid and chemical wastes. This is life-threatening unless Treated by dialysis or kidney transplantation.  UREMIA: when waste products build up in the blood. Symptoms: loss of Appetite, nausea, vomiting, headache, itching... PATIENTS WITH K.FAILURE: diet And fluid management, kidney transp., medications, kidney dialysis, Non-treatment.HAEMODIALYSIS: the dialysis machine pomps the blood through the Filter called dialyser. 2 needles are inserted into your arm for each Treatment: one withdraws the blood and one returns the filtered blood into your Body.The d is sometimes called artificial kidney because it is a man-made Replacement for the damaged filters in your own kidneys. PERITONEAL DIALYSIS:just like in h, it uses a Filter to clean blood and remove excess fluids, with pd, the blood is cleansed Inside the body using one of the body's own membranes, the peritoneum, as the Filter. ( is home therapy). SOURCES OF TRANSPL. K: living related donors, living unrelated donors, cadaver Donors.NEW KIDNEY:during the op, a healthy kidney is placed Deep under the muscle near the hip bone. It can be placed on either the left or Right side of the abdomen. Inmunosupressive medicines: to suppress or stop the Body's normal immune response to reject donor kidney. Major advances in Immunosuppressive therapy, most common: cyclosporine. REJECTION: it means that Your body is trying to get rid od something that doesn't belong to you. It is The major problem with k transp. Immune system, stops transplanted k from Working, r episodes are common in at least 1/2 of people in the first 3 months. Treatment: medications, t of rejection, following t guidelines. 

AZOTURIA: Excess of nitrogen compounds, including urea in urine.  DIURESIS:  When your produce too much urine, caused by too much sugar in the blood Or by certain types of medications. Anti diuretic drugs are the most common Form of treatments.  DISYURIA: is the Medical term for pain or discomfort when urinating. Described as a burning Sensation and most commonly is caused by a bacterial injection of the urinary Tract.  ENURESIS: repeated inability to Control urination. It describes individuals old enough to be expected to Exercise such control. UREMIA: is the set of symptoms caused by the Accumulation of toxic products that should be eliminated by the kidney and They're retained in the body. POLICYSTIC K DIS: is a disorder in which clusters Of cysts develop primarily within your kidneys

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