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Presidential System: Bicameral legislature, The president is elected by national popular vote, The legislature is elected separately, with an upper house consisting of three senators representing each of the states and a lower house (chamber of deputies) representing the population

Senate Elections Senators run for office in pairs, and there is a first and second candidate in each pair. The pair that gets the most votes takes the first two senate seats, and the first candidate in the second pair gets the third seat. The PRI was guaranteed a minimum of two senate seats out of three in every state.The lower house is elected by a combination of first-past-the-post and proportional, and the number of seats selected proportionally was increased in order to appease those who wanted multi-party rule

Mexican Constitution:The mexican revolution had a great impact on Mexican political culture, especially on the constitution of 1917, and the idea that political power should be limited by the constitution. Universal health care & education, Social security,Agrarian reform,Pro-labor laws, Pro Mexican soil rights limiting the influence of foreign countries

Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI): Used clientelism,Corporatist state,PRI dominated politics for 70 years, Remained in power by voter fraud, ballot box stuffing, and other illegalities,PRI used patron-client networks to link the party to the poor and rural population,Voting for the PRI was considered patriotic,PRI dominance came to an end from internal and external pressures, and culminated in the presidential election of 2000, when Vicente Fox of PAN won

National Action Party (PAN):First party to challenge the PRI. More regional autonomy,Rejection of anticlericalism,Less gov control of the economy,Reducing corporate presence in gov and creating fair elections

Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD),Urban residents,Younger voters,More equitable economic opportunities,Attack corporations and corruption,Stronger environmental policies,Rights for minorities

Isolationist Economy Positives & NegativesTo block foreign involvement and maintain control, the PRI implemented a policy of import substitution industrialization.Positives:Increased Mexican GDP & GNP, Increased literacy rates, drop in infant mortality, Allowed for rapid industrialization. Negatives:Larger income gap, Decreased worker efficiency and motivation,Diminished value and quality of goods,Economic growth stopped

NAFTA:Trade agreement with the U.S. And Canada that will eventually eliminate all but a few tarrifs. Postives:Increased labor (maquilladoras),Larger Export Market. Negatives:Mexico failed to invest in proper infrastructure needed for competition. Agricultural trade imbalance


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