Kohlberg moral autonomy

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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Moral responsibility derived from the commitment that an individual acquires moral obligations. Etymologically means need to respond. The individual is left alone to be responsible and deal with everything that comes in life. The human need to respond to people and the environment. This need involves a unit linked like the freedom to do the right thing. The moral subject is more or less responsible. Coercion also, if it is legitimate is another defense to liability. Moral responsibility is indicative of moral progress in individuals and groups. Autonomy and moral heteronomy relate everything said here. On the one hand, humans regulate some of their behaviors. Furthermore, it is free, rational, conscientious in his actions to himself and to the environment. About the social primacy argue that the individual is part of a whole where their actions make sense. They concede that human society develops. They argue that the instincts are beyond the rational. Autonomy and heteronomy refer to actions as to conform, or not, norms, values, obligations ... Autonomy refers to the ability of the subject agent to do what they want or take responsibility for his actions. The individual is responsible and is obliged to address the consequences that their actions can have. Achieving autonomy requires preparation and maturation, both rational and emotional. Heteronomy dependence refers to the subject of norms and values is alien to those who submit or merely observe. The subject "force you to" "make him responsible." Autonomy and heteronomy are needed to explain human actions from the individual and social dimension of the human. Kant defends the autonomy of the individual free, runs his own will. J. Piaget and L. Kohlberg's moral autonomy support as the most important features of morality, and that can be achieved by learning that range from heteronomous to autonomous. This learning involves personal growth and emotional sound, which depends on material conditions, experience and knowledge acquired. Educational processes are important for the development of moral autonomy.

The moral consciousness: first, it is considered defense of values that regulate the moral norms on the other, contemptuously, it is regarded as the "Jiminy Cricket." That "little voice" that says what is right or wrong. In Psychology is understood as "the human mental process realizes itself as the subject of an activity." For her the human realizes that acts completely unified. For her the individual makes their actions and plans must anticipate the consequences that will take such action. Psychological and moral consciousness are related. Moral consciousness indicates that stock valuations knows and recognizes. Its functions include: To ascertain argumentative procedures or intuitive as absolute and valid criteria to guide human over how to carry out their moral actions. The moral consciousness is "value judgments" about the legality or moral wrongfulness of the action. For their moral consciousness, the individual is to "judge" which examines the activities and issues evaluative judgments about their morality. There are different positions regarding the acceptance of moral consciousness.Some say its divine origin. Others welcome it as something learned. Some argue that social relations of life produced a certain kind of moral consciousness. The social moral consciousness is educated and emotionally. The individual can make mistakes when trying to act morally right. Resorting to the individual conscience as a judge for arbitrary or selfish reasons is not acceptable. But neither the general opinion or the powers actually validate moral judgments. The company, its powers and agents of socialization must strive to be the moral conscience of a citizen to be able to issue and enforce moral judgments that give rise to moral actions critically.

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