Language disorders

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the pathologies of language refers to disorders or language disorders, has been expressed as difficulty, disorder, disturbance or disruption linguistica - American Speech language disorders defined as 1 Traas. in the acquisition, comprehension and expression of spoken language normally written - a TEL: is this difficulty of language functions, q is in people not having an intellectual disability, sensory, neurological, probl. emotional stimulation or d def. --- anatomic causes of disorders of Leng. Oral etiological, genetic, neurological, anatomical and functional d psycho type, inside the linguists, are generally% abnormal physiological processes in the systems involved in the broadcasting q d the word "chronological acquired origin are d organic - requirements for linguists: proper audition, a psycho-D normal, maturation and physical integrity of anatomic and neurophysiological sist., in peripheral organs functioning for speech D - According DSMIII are 3 types d disorders reconocn dl Len: failure to acquire the leng (associated with rm), acquired from desordens leng, evolutionary% acquisition delayed or altered - signs in front of q can alter an anomaly, the baby is quiet q, q between 12 and 24 months do not understand simple commands, around age 2 d does not utter words similar to their leng d, q on the 3 ½ years his speech can not be understood x q people are not part d your family - factors associated with poor children leng disorders; D conceptual (reading and writing) mate, symbolic function d association leng dl verbal signs, mental imagination restricted gerarquica planning, slow memory, cognitive processes (attention) --- d the following classification. oral language; - developmental delay of speech: phonetic articulatory errors, prolonging the maturation period the acquisition d d sounds, phrases and buy d structuring. audioperceptivas verbal alterations and proxicomotoras: after. in the articulation of the phoneme, absence, alteration or replacement x Others Declare implik inability to correct certain types% d phonemes - alte. audiperceptivas: child layers d articulate the phoneme in isolation but within the word d rather not use it for - proxicomotoras: alte. q fonetica affect motor execution or production of speech x be a d inco-ordination of bucoarticulatorio mov - alt. articulatory organic trast. oral production in a cause porducida x anatomic and / or physiological d the inter. Peripherals articulatory (diglossia) - dialalias: alte difficulty or produced in the joint d phonemes can be omitted or altered or replaced x others in an inappropriate manner, can affect 2 or more is called diglossia multiple causes are classified as developmental, functional, audiogenic , organic - dyslalias evo: obedecn age, q articulatory abnormalities occur in early age children are not kn capacs d reproduce exactly what escuxa q d preseisa not a specific treatment, should be encouraged to avoid talking disminutivos correct% -- > Disla. functional functional disability, impairment d the articulation of the speech produced X an d the inter malfunction. articulatory not used correctly% child organs - causes: weak d d Contral the fine motor skills (praxia) deficits in auditory discrimination, phonetic elements not decode Persib not phonological, perceptual errors - errors of articulation: - replacement ; will emit a sound x other-omission: they emit the phoneme, - attachment, intersperses other sounds, added sounds, - distorcion, there is an adequate articulation similar to but not correct - diglossia: organic articulation disorder x affecting the organs of speech x anatomical abnormalities or poor training - dysarthria: probl.d articulation, slurred phonemes - diglossia classification: - diglossia labial: alt. d form, strength, consistency and mobility lip-D. Mandibular trast. joint x alteration d d jaws, pragmatism (prominent lower jaw), dental anomalies (grands dients) - stuttering: alt. or tratorno speech, involuntary muscle tension breaks, repetition, Origne neurological, psychological, physiological development "stutterers d 3 to 5 years d-type evolution - language pathology: lalopatia: after. q affect reproduction or oral emission, diglossia lip - cleft lip: alt. congenita, d q structures form the mouth, cleft or separation in the lip and / or palate, may be accompanied d palate, speech articulation d affects vowels phonemes and bilabial (p, b, m) - Macrostomia : award d q oral cleft is usually associated with bad formations of the ear, possible involvement d eyes - labial frenum: hinders the normal mobility of the upper lip - mandibular diglossia: anomaly produced d because an arrest in the maxilla D - D.dentales: after. d the joint due to an alteration d d shape or position the teeth - D tongue: tongue-tie or ambiglosia, macroglossia, large tongue dis. lingual - palatal diglossia - cleft palate or high arched palate: organic pathology can favorecr the distortion in the articulation of the phoneme F, DL - physiological stutterers: disorder dl speech difficult fluides before age 7 Deodo d d the communication - stuttering: desordn fluid during the mov dl Speech interrupt charact with repeticions d plabras sonidso syllables or extensions or breaks as a result of blockages - classification: t. clonic; the hesitation occurs when the pers. start talking - tonic; repetition occurs at the beginning d the word - Clonica-tonic or mixed, hereditary etiology, FACOR physical, genetic, physiological - recommendations, avoid HACR comments like talking slower, slower, relax not t get nervous, do not finish their sentences, do not tease or averguense; when he exceeds the blokea not tell bm isiste phrases like, congratulations, you're talking mxo best, treated as normal children;> the stutterers were classified according to age k is presented, physiological or primary; around d the 3 years, speaking quickly erupts c production at this age a delayed neuromotor organization

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