Law 19983 on

Classified in Geography

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1. The French Revolution: It was a Period of violent political and social changes which brought the abolition of Absolute monarchy and the end of the estate society. It lasted from 1789 to 1804.

-Causes Of the Revolution:

>The Enlightenment influence: the Bourgeoisie, the popular classes wanted a society where the French subjects Were free and equal under the law.

>Political crisis: The Estates General (meeting of the estates of the realm) had an unfair voting system: each Estate had one vote; the clergy and the nobility voted together to keep their Privileges, the third estate, the mayority of the population, never could win.

>The economic crisis. The French Government went to bankrupt; Louis XVI minister tried to improve the country Finances by two ways:

-Increasing the taxes

-Making nobility and clergy pay taxes.

>Social crisis: by the end of 18th Century all the country was discontented with the crown:

-Nobility and clergy refused to pay Taxes, they wanted to maintain the traditional privileges.

-The upper and middle classes wanted to Abolish the absolute monarchy and the estate system because it didn't allow Them to participate in government affairs.

-The peasantry suffered economic Problems due to higher taxes, poor harvest and higher rents. 

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