Describe the situation of Russia before 1905 and the 1st Revolution of 1905.//
In 1917, two revolutions swept through Russia.//
In the early 1900s, Russia was one of the most impoverished countries in Europe with an enormous peasantry and a growing minority of poor industrial workers.//
Russia was an undeveloped, backwards society. The Russian Empire practised serfdom, well into the 19th century. In contrast, the practiced had disappeared in most of Western Europe by the end of the Middle Ages.//
In 1861, The Russian Empire finally abolished serfdom.//
Russia industrialized much later than Western Europe and the United States, with immense social and political changes//
The population of Petersburg and Moscow nearly doubled, resulting destitute living conditions.//
A population boom at the end of the 19th century, and a series of costly wars, meant food shortages.//
Large protests by Russian workers against the monarchy led to the Bloody Sunday massacre of 1905. Hundreds of unarmed protesters were killed by the tsar´s troop.//
The massacre sparked the Russian revolution of 1905.
2. How did the zaar deal with the situation after 1905?
After the bloodshedtsar Nicholas II promised the formation of Dumas.//
Russia entered into World War I August 1914. Their involvement soon prove disastrous.//
Russian casualties were the greatest. Food and fuel shortages as inflation mounted/increased. The economy was disrupted by the war effort.//
Most Russians had lost faith in the ailed leadership of the tsar. Government corruption was rampant, and Nicholas repeatedly dissolved the Duma, when it opposed his will. 3. Outline the main ideas of the February revolution and the Bolshevik revolution.
The February Revolution: Demonstrators asking for bread took to the streets of Petrograd. The protesters clashed with the police but refused to leave streets.//
The Duma formed a provisional government on March 12. A few days later, Tsar Nicholas abdicated the throne, ending centuries of Russian Romanov rule.//
The leader of the provisional government, established s liberal program of rights: freedom of speech, equality before the law, rights of unions to organize and strike.//
October Revolution: Leftist revolutionaries led by Bolshevik Party leader Lenin launched a coup d’état against the Duma´s provisional government.//
he provisional government had been assembled by a group of leaders from Russian’s bourgeois capitalist class. Lenin instead cañled for a Soviet government that would be ruled directly by councils of soldiers, peasants and workers.//
The Bolshevik’s soon formed a new government with Lenin as its head. Lenin became the dictator of the world’s first communist state.