Discrimination-treating others differently based on race, sex, etc. (for any reason other than individual merit)
2. Segregation- separation by race (This definition is applicable to and specific to this lesson )
a. De jure segregation- segregation by statute (law) i.E. Jim Crow Laws
3. Integration- revision of laws to abolish most forms of segregation.
4. Jim Crow Law-They mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities, with a supposedly "separate but equal" status for black Americans.(Enacted between 1876 and 1965.)
5. Separate-but-equal- doctrine used by Southern states which attempted to rationalize segregation. “As long as equal facilities were built for both races, the practice of segregation did not violate 14th Amendment.”
6. Affirmative action- gov’t action requiring employers to take positive steps in hiring practices, which attempt to remedy past injustices.
7. Racial quotas- rules requiring the hiring or promotions of certain percentages of minorities.
8. Reverse Discrimination-Discriminatory practices used against a majority group.
9. Civil rights-are the protections and privileges of personal power given to all citizens by law. (Constitutional and statutory)