In this fair city, the primary objective is the common good. The end of justice in society is to safeguard the common good, objective laws. In the philosophy of Plato the philosopher king is very important. The sharp have the task of governing because they are in contact with the world of ideas, authentic authentic reality meet, and where the supreme values reside.
5.1. Forms of government: To bowl is just and unjust states. We found 5 forms of government from the fairest:
-Aristocracy (Monarchy) is the government of the best, so if you send one as many.
-Timocracy: dominated government in the desire for fame and military honors. Occurs when the warriors take over.
"Oligarchy: government is economically powerful. Occurs when they do not honor the warriors to fame and put their eyes on personal wealth. Also when greedy businessmen govern wealth. Just impoverishing the people.
-Democracy: The government of the people. Arises when the people rebelled after being impoverished by the oligarchy. Freedom prevails, especially of expression. There is a perversion of law and strength because there is no governing authority to others.
-Tyranny: The worst and most unfair. Arises out of democracy. Not knowing how to use freedom, requires someone to take power and dominate. It needs a leader, the tyrant.
Empiricism: philosophical system which gives the experience a central role in knowledge. Matches rationalism to note that what we know are ideas, but the rationalists argue the innate origin of these and the empiricist view that comes from experience.
For empiricists, experience is the source, the criterion of validity and the limits of such knowledge. Rationalists regard mathematics as a model for knowledge and the ideal method is the deductive method empiricists are instead opting for physical science and its inductive method.
David Hume: This is the most radical of the British empiricists. In his book Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding states that man can be considered as being rational or action. In the 1st case, the science of man becomes an inquiry into his understanding. In the case 2undo explores the passions and moral command as a starting point the observation of human nature.