Law 19983 on

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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1. Does D’Entreves refer to the State as the central executive power or in a wider
perspective? Give some evidence of your answer.
He refers to the state in a wider perspective.
A mysterious but omnipresent entity, an indefinite but at the same time imperious and irresistible power.
Evidence/ If we asked a man if the state exists he would think we are trying to make a fool of him. If we asked him what the state are, unless he is a well- studied person, he would find it difficult to define it even though it is a familiar word to him, in which he comes across it every day both as a man and a citizen.
2. What notion of law appears to be closely associated with that of the State?
The notion of law appears to be associated with that of state but law is used in a different sense than law of nature. It is not a question of purely factual uniformities and regularities, in dependent of mans will. They are made by men who established an order in their relations with each other for the achievement of certain ends, first and foremost that peaceful co-existence which is needed to make further ends attainable.
3. What according to D’Entreves makes laws obligatory?
The fact that they are imposed by the state makes that we should identify the state with force, whereas in reality the fact that we refer the laws to the state in order to justify their obligatory character, meaning that we are adding a further qualification to the states force. It is a force exercised in accordance with the law, and in accordance with a law that is obligatory because it is a law laid down by the state.`
4. How according to D’Entreves is the state conceived in common speech? It is conceived as a force regulated by laws and worthy of respect and obedience.

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