Lazarillo de Tormes

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subgenre of the novel picaresca.Relato seudoautobiográfico origins of a character in Les Miserables, which soon abandoned the family environment and serves several masters.
The picaresque stories attempt to explain a final state of dishonor from the past of the protagonist.

4.1 Date and authorship
Dated 1554 come from lost editions. Probably the first issue is one or two years earlier, and the book was composed around 1540.
As the author of this novel have been proposed Juan de Ortega, Alfonso Valdes, Cervantes de Salazar ...
3.2 Source
# The Golden Ass: Apuleius' work influences the organization of the story and the character of the protagonist boy of many masters, but Lazarus does not undergo the metamorphosis of the character of Apuleius.
# Fourth book of the valiant knight Rinaldo de Montalban: Adapted from Baldo Folengo Italian poem, which already form an autobiographical narrative, a hero of low birth and his partner and his fellow blind.
# Process letters of love: sentimental novel by Juan de Segura, Lazarillo takes the model letters.
# Folktales.
3.3 Level of the story
L azar abandons his family, is to serve several masters and develops various trades.
It is structured in three modules ternary, childhood, adolescence and youth of the Rogue:
# First module: children (blind cleric squire). During this period, the blind, to help Lazarus teaches at Mass, which will facilitate entry into the service of the cleric. With the cleric who suffer hunger increases also with the squire, with which he hoped would solve your life.
# Second module: adolescence (friar-master painting pardoner tambourines). Lázaro through situations without any further influence. He hides his sexual awakening, but the friar of Mercy began in erotic practice. Lazarus learns new arts of deception, falsehood and delves into the suffering continues to accumulate.
# Third Module: youth (Chaplain archpriest bailiff). Lazarus is based, and becomes a man who has a paid occupation: first waterboy works after porquerón sheriff and finally crier. The protagonist is seen at the height of professional success, which joins her marriage has a home.

4.4 speech
It is structured as a letter or epistle, it is a monologue.
The narrator, Lazarus adult, tells his story to one "Your Grace" who has asked him to explain the "case".

Types of speeches
# Address value:
The narrator makes assessments of character and situation.
# Speech universal: The narrator expresses a generalization from an incident.
Expressive resources
The narrator of the Lazarillo makes humorous use of some gospel. It uses the diminutive and antithesis.
4.5 The irony of the guide
Only perceived basis of the context and depends on the intentions of the issuer and the playability of the interlocutor
. ironia's guide
The narrator-protagonist irony directed at himself when the squire tells you to live much better to eat little
. Irony of the masters
# The Blind: When we washed the wounds with wine that has made dealing a Kharraz.
# The priest of Maqueda: By the time you eat the bones he had eaten before.
# The squire claims, knowing that Lazarus him go hungry.
Irony of the author
The author directs his irony toward adult Lazarus
4.6 issues
# Honor:
Honor depended on the consideration that others have about someone, and it was a typical phenomenon of the time.
# Religion: Church Estates. The play essentially condemns the exploitation of the poor by a vile and ignorant clergy.

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