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-A ceiling is defined as the height of the: LOWEST LAYER OF CLOUDS OR OBSCURING PHENOMENA ALOFT THAT IS REPORTED AS BROKEN OR OVERCAST

-A certificated commercial pilot who carries passengers for hire at night or in excess of 50 NM is required to have at least: AN INSTRUMENT RATING IN THE SAME CATEGORY AND CLASS OF AIRCRAFT.

-A characteristic of the stratosphere is: RELATEVILY SMALL CHANGES IN TEMPERATURE WITH AN INCREASE IN ALTITUDE

-A coded transponder equipped with altitude reporting capability is required in all controlled airspace: AT AND ABOVE 10000 FEET MSL EXCLUDING AT AND BELOW 2500 AGL

-A common type of ground or surface based temperature inversion is that which is produced by: GROUND RADIATION ON CLEAR, COOL NIGHTS WHEN THE WIND IS LIGHT

-A contact approach is an approach procedure that may be used: IN LIEU OF CONDUCTING A SIAP

-A CRUISE FOUR THOUSAND FEET clearance would mean that the pilot is authorized to: VACATE 4000 FEET WITHOUT NOTIFYING ATC

-A flight is to be conductor in VFR ON TOP conditions at 12500 feet MSL. What is the in flight visibility and distance from clouds required for operation in class E airspace during daylight hours for area 1? 5 MILES, 1000 FEET 1 MILE 1000 FEET

-A high cliud is composed mostly of: ICE CRYSTALS

-A jet stream is defined as wind of: 50 KNOTS or GREATER

-A particular instrument departure procedure requires a minimum climb rate of 210…?  490

-A particular VOR station is undergoing routine maintenance. This is evidenced by: REMOVAL OF THE IDENTIFICATION FEATURE.

-A pilot is making an ILS approach and is past the OM to a runway which has a VASI. What action should the pilot take in the electronic…? THE PILOT MAY CONTINUE THE APPROACH AND USE THE VASI GLIDESLOPE IN PLACE OF THE ELECTRONIC GLIDESLOPE

-A pilot planning to depart at 1100z on an IFR…? PILOT WEATHER REPORTS AIRMETS AND SIGMETS

-A pilot receives this ATC clearance: CLEARED TO THE ABC VORTAC. HOLD SOUTH…? TEARDROP ONLY

-A pilot receives this ATC clearance: CLEARED TO THE ABC VORTAC. HOLD WEST…? DIRECT ONLY

-A pilot receives this ATC clearance: CLEARED TO THE XYZ VORTAC. HOLD NORTH…? DIRECT ONLY

-A pilot reporting turbulence that momentarily causes slight, erratic changes in altitude or attitude should report it as: LIGHT TURBULENCE

-A pilots recent IFR experience expires  on July 1 of this year. What is the latest date the pilot can meet IFIR experience requirement without having to take an instrument proficiency check? DECEMBER 31st, THIS YEAR.

-A planned low altitude flight from Northern Florida…? SHOWERY PRECIPITATION, THUNDERSTORM RAIN SHOWERS COVERING HALF OR MORE OF THE AREA

-A prognostic chart pedicts the conditions: FORECAST TO EXIST AT A SPECIFIC TIME IN THE FUTURE

-A station is forecasting wind and temperature aloft FL 390…? 809954

-A temperature inversion will normally form only: IN STABLE AIR

-A VOR receiver with normal five dot course sensitivity shows a three dot deflection at 30 nm form the station. The aircraft would be displaced approximately how far from the course centerline?   3 NM

-A VRB wind entry in a terminal aerodrome forecast will be indicated when the wind is: 3 KNOTS OR LESS

-Absence of the sky condition and visibility on an ATIS broadcast specifically implies that: THE CELLING IS MORE THAN 5000 FEET AND VISIBILITY IS 5 MILES OR MORE.

-Acceptable navigational signal coverage at the MOCA is assured…? 22 NM

-After being handed off to the final approach controller during a no gyro surveillance or precision approach, the pilot should make all turns: ONE HALF STANDARD RATE

-After passing a VORTAC, the CDI shows a ½ scale deflection to the right. What is indicated if the deflection remains constant for a period of time?  THE AIRPLANE IS FLYING AWAY FROM THE RADIAL

-After your recent IFR experience lapses, how much time do you have before you must pass an instrument proficiency check as pilot in command under IFR?  6 MONTHS

-Aircraft approach categories are based on: 1.3 TIMES THE STALL SPEED IN LANDING CONFIGURATION AT MAXIMUM GROSS LANDING WEIGHT

-Aircraft being operated under IFR are required to have, in adition to the equipment required for VFR and night: A SLIP SKID INDICATOR

-AIRMETs are issued on a scheduled basis every: SIX HOURS

-Altimeter setting is the value to which the scale of the pressure altimeter is set to the altimeter indicates: TRUE ALTITUDE AND FIELD ELEVATION

-An abbreviated departure clearance CLEARED AS FILLED will always contained the name: OF THE DESTINATION AIRPORT FILED IN THE FLIGHT PLAN

-An air mass is a body of air that: COVERS AN EXTENSIVE AREA ANDHAS FAIRLY UNIFORM PROPERTIES OF TEMPERATURE AND MOISTURE

-An aircraft altimeter system test and inspection must be accomplished within: 24 CALENDAR MONTHS

-An aircraft operated during IFR under 14 CFR part 91, is required to have which of the following? GYROSCOPIC DIRECION INDICATOR

-An aircraft that encounters a headwind of 45 knots, within a microburst, may expect a total shear across the microburst of: 90 KNOTS

-An aircraft which is located 30 NM from a VOR station and shows a ½ scale deflection on the CDI would be how far from the selected course centerline? 2 ½ MILES

-An airport may not be qualified for alternate use if:  THE NAV AIDS USED FOR THE INITIAL APPROACH ARE UNMONITORED

-An airport without an authorized IAP may be included on an IFR flight plan as an alternate if the current weather forecast indicates that the ceiling and visibility at the ETA will:  ALLOW FOR A DESCENT FROM THE MEA, APPROACH AND A LANDING UNDER BASIC VFR CONDITIONS

-An instrument rated pilot, who has not logged any instrument experience in 1 year or more, cannot serve as pilot in command under IFR, unless the pilot: PASSES AN INSTRUMENT PROFICIENCY CHECK IN THE CATEGORY OF AIRCRAFT INVOLVED,GIVEN BY AN APPROVED FAA EXAMINER,INSTRUMENT INSTRUCTOR, or FAA INSPECTOR

-Approximately what height is the glide slope centerline at the MM of a typical ILS? 200 FEET

-Approximately what percent of the indicated vertical speed should be used to determine the number of feet to lead the level off from a climb to a specific altitude? 10 PERCENT

-Area forecasts generally include a forecast period of 18 hours and cover a: AREA THE SIZE OF SEVERAL STATES

-As a rule of thumb, altitude corrections of less than 100 feet should be corrected by using: LESS THAN A FULL BAR WIDTH ON THE ATTITUDE INDICATOR

-As a rule of thumb, altitude corrections of less than 100 feet should be corrected by using a: HALF BAR WIDTH ON THE ATTITUDE INDICATOR

-As a rule of thumb, to minimize DME slant range error, how far from the facility should you be to consider the reading as accurate? ONE OR MORE MILES FOR EACH 1000 FEET OF ALTITUDE ABOVE THE FACILITY

-As power in increased to enter a 500 feet per minute rate of climb in straight flight, which instruments are primary for pitch, bank, and power respectively? ATTITUDE INDICATOR, HEADING INDICATOR, AND MANIFOLD PRESSURE GAUGE OR TACHOMETER

-As power is reduced to change airspeed from high lo low cruise in level flight, which instruments are primary for pitch, bank, and power, respectively? ALTIMETER, HEADING INDICATOR, AND MANIFOLD PRESSURE GAUGE or TACHOMETER

-Assume this clearance is received: CLEARED FOR ILS RUNWAY 07LEFT APPROACH, SIDE STEP…? AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AFTER THE RUNWAY ENVIRONMENT IS IN SIGHT

-At an altitude of 6500 feet MSL, the current altimeter setting is 30.42 hg. The pressure altitude would be approximately: 6000 FEET

-At STRUT intersection…? DIRECT

-At what minimum altitude should you cross CLAMM…? 4200 MSL

-At what point should the timing begin for the first lef outbound in a non standard holding pattern? WHEN OVER OR ABEAM THE HOLDING FIX WHICHEVER OCCURS LATER.

-At which points may you initiate a descent to the next lower minimum altitude…? START DESCENT FROM 8000 WHEN ESTABLISHED ON THE PUC R186 FROM 6400 AT THE 4 DME FIX AND FROM 6180 WHEN LANDING REQUIREMENTS ARE MET

-ATC may assign the MOCA when certain special conditions exist, and then when within: 22 NM OF A VOR

-Before beginning any flight under IFR, the pilot in command must become familiar with all available information concerning that flight. In aditiion, the pilot must: BE FAMILIAR WITH THE RUNWAY LENGTHS AT AIRPORTS OF INTENDED USE, AND THE ALTERNATIVES AVAILABLE IF THE FLIGHT CANNOT BE COMPLETED.

-Before beginning any flight under IFR, the pilot in command must become familiar with al available information concerning that flight including:  THE RUNWAY LENGTHS AT AIRPORTS OF INTENDED USE AND THE AIRCRAFTS TAKEOFF AND LANDING DATA

-By which means may a pilot determine if a loran C equipped aircraft is approved for IFR operations? CHECK THE AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT

-Class G airspace is that airspace where: ATC DOES NOT CONTROL AIR TRAFFIC

-Clouds, fog, or dew will always form when:  WATER VAPOUR CONDENSES

-Conditions that determine pitch attitude required to maintain level flight are: AIRSPEED, AIR DENSITY, WING DESIGN, AND ANGLE OF ATTACK

-Decode the excerpt from the Wind and temperature aloft forecast fb for OKC at 39000 fT? WIND 330 AT 105 KNOTS TEMP -58C

-Determine the approximate time and distance to a station if a 5 wingtip bearing change occurs in 1.5 minutes with a true airspeed of 95 KNOTS? 18 MINUTES and 28.5NM

-During a constant bank level turn, what effect would an increase in airspeed have on the rate and radius of turn? RATE OF TURN WOULD DECREASE AND RADIUS OF TURN WOULD INCREASE

-During a flight, the controller advices traffic 2 o clock 5 miles southbound…? 40 TO THE RIGHT OS THE AIRCRAFTS NOSE

-During a missed approach from the VOR DME RNAV RWY $R approach at BOS…? 033

-During a NO GYRO approach and prior to being handed off to final approach controller, the pilot should make all turns: STANDARD RATE UNLESS OTHERWISE ADVISED

-During a precision radar or ILS APPROACH the rate of descent required to remain on the glide slope will: INCREASE AS THE GROUNDSPEED INCREASES

-During a skidding turn to the right, what is the relationship between the component of lift, centrifugal force, and load factor? CENTRIFUGAL FORCE IS GREATER THAN HORIZONTAL LIFT AND THE LOAD FACTOR IS INCREASED

-During an IFR flight in IMC, a distress condition in encountered (fire,mechanical or structural). The pilot should: NOT HESITATE TO DECLARE AN EMERGENCY AND OBTAIN AN AMENDED CLEARANCE

-During an instrument approach, under what conditions, if any, is the holding pattern course reversal nor required? WHEN CLEARED FOR THE APPROACH

-During an instrument precision approach, terrain and obstacle clearance depends on adherence to: MINIMUM ALTITUDE SHOWN ON THE IAP

-During coordinated turns, which force moves the pendulous vanes of a vacuum driven attitude indicator resulting in precession of the gyro toward the inside of the turn? CENTRIFUGAL

-During flight, if the pitot tube becomes clogged with ice which of the following instruments would be affected? THE AIRSPEED INDICATOR ONLY

-During IFR en route and terminal operations using an approved GPS system for navigation, ground based navigational facilities: MUST BE OPERATIONAL ALONG THE ENTIRE ROUTE.

-During IFR operations using an approved GPS system for Navigation: THE AIRCRAFT MUST HAVE AND APPROVED AND OPERATIONAL ALTERNATE NAVIGATION SYSTEM APPROPIATE FOR THE ROUTE.

-During normal coordinated turns, what error due to precession should you observe when rolling out to straight and level flight from a 180 steep turn to the right? THE MINIATURE AIRCRAFT WOULD SHOW A SLIGHT TURN TO THE LEFT

-During normal operation of a vacuum driven attitude indicator, what attitude indication should you see when rolling out from a 180 skidding turn to straight and level coordinated flight? THE MINIATURE AIRCRAFT SHOWS A TURN IN THE DIRECTION OPPOSITE THE SKID.

-During recoveries from unusual attitudes, level flight is attained the instant:  THE ALTIMETER AND AIRSPEED NEEDLES STOP PRIOR TO REVERSING THEIR DIRECTION OF MOVEMENT.

-During standard rate turns, which instrument is considered primary for bank? TURN AND SLIP INDICATOR OR TURN COORDINATOR

-During takeoff into IFR conditions with low ceilings, when should the pilot contact departure control? WHEN ADVICED BY THE TOWER

-During the en route phase on an IFR flight, the pilot is advised RADAR SERVICE TERMINATED. What action is appropriate? RESUME NORMAL REPORTING NAVIGATION

-During the ILS RWY 12L…? 1360 FEET

-During the ILS RWY 30R procedure at DSM…? 1320 FEET

-During the life cycle of a thunderstorm, which stage is characterized predominately by downdrafts? DISSIPAITING

-During your preflight planning for an IFR flight, you determine that the first airport of intended landing has no instrument approach prescribed in 14 CFR part 97…? THE TO THE ALTERNATE AIRPORT, AND THEN FOR 45 MINUTES AT NORMAL CRUISING SPEED.

-En route at fl 290, the altimeter setting is set correctly, but no reset to the local altimeter setting of 30.57 hg during descent. If the field elevation is 650 feet and the altimeter setting is functionally properly, what is the approximately indication upon landing? SEA LEVEL

-En route at fl290, your altimeter is set correctly, but you fail to reset it to the local altimeter setting of 30.26 in. hg during descent. If the field elevation is 134 feet and your altimeter is functioning properly, what will it indicate after landing? 206 FEET BELLOW MSL

-Errors in both pitch and bank indication on an attitude indicator are usually at a maximum as the aircraft rolls out of a: 180 TURN

-Except when necessary for takeoff or landing or unless otherwise authorized by the administrator, the minimum altitude for IFR flight is: 2000 FEET ABOVE THE HIGHEST OBSTACLE OVER DESIGNATED MOUNTANIOUS TERRAIN, 1000 FEET ABOVE THE HIGHEST OBSTACLE OVER TERRAIN ELSEWHERE.

-Fair weather cumulus clouds often indicate: TURBULENCE AT AND BELLOW THE CLOUD LEVEL

-Fog is usually prevalent in industrial areas because of: AN ABUNDANCE OF CONDENSATION NUCLEI FROM COMBUSTION PRODUCTS

-For aircraft other than helicopters, is an alternate airport required for an IFR flight to ATL…: NO, BECAUSE THE CEILING AND VISIBILITY ARE FORECAST TO BE AT OR ABOVE 2000 FEET AND 3 MILES WITHIN 1 HOUR BEFORE TO 1 HOUR AFTER THE ETA

-For aircraft other than helicopters, what minimum conditions must exist at the destination airport to avoid listing an alternate airport on an IFR flight plan when standard IAP is available? FROM 1 HR BEFORE TO 1 HR AFTER, FORECAST CEILING 2000 AND VISIBILITY 3 MILES

-For aircraft other than helicopters, what minimums weather conditions must be forecast for your ETA at al alternate airport that has a precission approach procedure, with standard alternate minimums, in order to list as an alternate for the IFR flight? 600 FOOT CEILING AND 2 SM VISIBILITY AT YOUR ETA

-For IFR operations off of established airways bellow 18000 feet, VOR  navigational aids used to describe the route of flight should be no more than: 80 NM APART

-For IFR planning purposes, what are the compulsory reporting points when using VOR DME or VORTAC FIXES to define a direct route not on established airways? FIXES SELECTED TO DEFINE THE ROUTE

-For maintaining level flight at constant thrust, which instrument would be the least appropriate for determining the need for a pitch change? ATTITUDE INDICATOR

-For operations off established airways at 17000 feet MSL in the contiguous US H class VORTAC facilities used to define a direct route of flight should be no farther apart than:   200 NM

-For the most effective use of the radar summary chart during preflight planning, a pilot should: KNOW THE CHARTS DISPLAYS PRECIPITATION ONLY, IT DOES NOT DISPLAY CLOUDS, FOG, FRONTS, OR OTHER BUNDARIES

-For which speed variation should you notify ATC? WHEN THE AVERAGE TRUE AIRSPEED CHANGES 5 PERCENT OR 10 KNOTS WHICHEVER IS GREATER

-From what source can you obtain the latest FDC NOTAMS?  FAA AFSS/FSS

-From which primary source should you obtain information regarding the weather expected to exist at your destination at your estimated time of arrival? TERMINAL AERODROME FORECAST

-Frontal waves normally form on: SLOW MOVING COLD FRONTS OF STATIONARY FRONTS

-Full scale deflection of a CDI occurs when the course deviation bar or needle: DEFLECTS FROM THE CENTER OF THE SCLAE TO EITHER FAR SIDE OF THE SCALE.

-Hand held GPS systems and GPS systems certified for VFR operation, may be used for IFR operation as: AN AID TO SITUATIONAL AWARENESS

-Hazardous wind shear is commonly encountered near the ground: DURING PERIODS OF STRONG TEMPERATURE INVERSION AND NEAR THUNDERSTORMS

-Hold line markings at the intersection of taxiways and runways consist of four lines…? YELOW AND THE DASHED LINES ARE NEAREST THE RUNWAY

-How can a pilot determine if a Global positioning system (gps) installed in an aircraft is approved for IFR en route and IFR approaches?  FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT

-How can a pilot determine, for an ILS runway equipped with MALSR, that there may be a penetration of the obstacle identification surfaces and care should be taken in the visual segment to avoid any obstacles?  THE PUBLISHED VISIBILITY FOR THE ILS IS NO LOWER THAN ¾ SM

-How can an IAF be identified on a standard instrument approach procedure chart? ALL FIXES THAT ARE LABELED IAF

-How can you determine the pressure altitude on an airport without a tower or FSS? SET THE ALTIMETER TO 29.92 HG AND READ THE ALTITUDE INDICATED

-How can you obtain the pressure altitude on flights below 18000 feet? SET YOUR ALTIMETER TO 29.92 HG

-How does a pilot determine if DME is available on an ILS/LOC? IAP INDICATE DME TACAN CHANNEL IS LOC FREQUENCY BOX

-How does a pilot normally obtain the current altimeter setting during an IFR flight in Class E airspace bellow 18000 feet? ATC PERIODICALLY ADVICES THE PILOT OF THE PROPER ALTIMETER SETTING.

-How does an LDA facility, such as the one at ROANOKE…? THE LOC IS OFFSET FROM THE RUNWAY

-How is the ATC radar used for instrument approaches when the facility is approved for approach control service? COURSE GUIDANCE TO THE FINAL APPROACH COURSE ASR AND PAR APPROACHES AND THE MONITORING OF NONRADAR APPROACHES

-How is your flight plan closed when your destination airport has IFR conditions and there is no control tower or flight service station on field? UPON LANDING, YOU MUST CLOSE YOUR FLIGHT PLAN BY RADIO OR BY TELEPHONE TO ANY FSS OR ATC FACILITY

-How long does a pilot meet the recency of experience requirements for IFR flight after successfully completing an instrument proficiency check if no further IFR flights are made?   6 CALENDAR MONTHS

-How may a pilot satisfy the recent flight experience requirement necessary to act as pilot in command in IMC in powered aircraft? Within the previous 6 calendar months, logged: SIX INSTRUMENT APPROACHES, HOLDING PROCEDURES, and INTERCEPTING AND TRACKING COURSES USING NAVIGATIONAL SYSTEMS.

-How much colder than standard temperature is the forecast temperature at 9000 feet…? 7C

-How should  the pilot make a VOR receiver check when the aircraft is located on the designated checkpoint on the airport surface? SET THE OBS ON THE DESIGNATED RADIAL. THE CDI MUST CENTER WHITHIN PLUS OR MINUS 4 OF THAT RADIAL WITH A FROM INDICATION

-How should a pilot determine when the DME at PRICE CARBON conty airport is inoperative? THE AIRBONE DME MAY APPEAR NORMAL, BUT THERE WILL BE NO CODE TONE

-How should a pilot reverse course to get established on the in bound course of the ILS RWY 9…? MAKE AN APPROPRIATE ENTRY TO THE DEPICTED HOLDING PATTERN AT SWAN LAKE OM/INT

-How should the missed approach point be identified when executing the RNAV RWY 36 approach at ADAMS field? WHEN THE TO FROM INDICCATOR CHANGES

-How should the pilot identify the missed approach point for the S LDA GS 6 approach to ROANAKE regional? ARRIVAL AT 1540 FEET ON THE GLIDE SLOPE

-How should you preflight check the altimeter prior to an IFR flight?  SET THE ALTIMETER TO THE CURRENT ALTIMETER SETTING. THE INDICATION SHOULD BE WHITIN 75 FEET OF THE ACTUAL ELEVATION FOR ACCEPTABLE ACCURACY.

-How wide is an SDF course? EITHER 6 OR 12

-How will the aircraft in position 4 be affected by a microburst encounter? PERFORMANCE DECREASING WITH A TAILWIND AND DOWNDRAFT

-Identify the system that has failed and determine a corrective action to return the airplane to straight and level flight: STATIC/PITOT SYSTEM IS BLOCKED, LOWER THE NOSE AND LEVEL THE WINGS TO LEVEL FLIGHT ATTITUDE Y USE OF ATTITUDE INDICATOR.

-If a 180 steep turn is made to the right and the aircraft is rolled out to straight and level flight by visual references, the attitude indicator: MAY SHOW A SLIGHT CLIMB TO THE RIGHT

-If a control tower and an FSS are located on the same airport, which function is provided by the FSS during those periods when the tower is closed?  AIRPORT ADVISORY SERVICE

-If a half standard rate of turn is maintained, how long would it take to turn 360? 4 MINUTES

-If a half standard rate of turn is maintained, how long would it take to turn 135? 1 MINUTE 30 SECONDS

-If a half standard rate of turn is maintained, how much time would be required to turn clockwise from a heading of 090 to a heading of 180? 1 MINUTE

-If a pilot elects to proceed to the selected alternate, the landing minimums used at the airport should be the: MINIMUMS SPECIFIED FOR THE APPROACH PROCEDURE SELECTED.

-If a standard rate of turn is maintained, how much time would be required to turn to the left from a heading of 090 to a heading of 300? 50 SECONDS

-If a standard rate of turn is maintained, how much time would be required to turn to the right from a heading of 090 to a heading of 270? 1 MINUTE

-If a standard rate turn is maintained, how long would it take to turn 180? 1 MINUTE

-If all ILS components are operating and the required visual references are not established, the missed approach should be initiated upon: ARRIVAL AT THE DH ON THE GLIDE SLOPE

-If an airplane is in an unusual flight attitude and the attitude indicator has exceeded its limits, which instruments should be relied on to determine pitch attitude before starting recovery? AIRSPEED AND ALTIMETER

-If an approach is being made to a runway that has an operating 3 bar VASI and all the VASI lights appear red as the airplane reaches the MDA the pilot should: LEVEL OFF MOMENTARILY TO INTERCEPT THE PROPER APPROACH PATH.

-If an early missed approach is initiated before reaching the MAP, the following procedure should be used unless otherwise cleared by ATC: PROCEED TO THE MISSED APPROACH POINT AT OR ABOVE THE MDA OR DH BEFORE EXECUTING A TURNING MANEUVER

-If an unpressurized aircraft is operated above 12500 feet MSL but not more than 14000 feet MSL for a period of 2 h and 20 min how long during that time is the minimum flightcrew required to use oxygen? 1 HOUR 50 MINUTES

-If both the ram air input and drain hole of the pitot system are blocked, what airspeed indication can be expected? NO VARIATION OF INDICATION AIRSPEED IN LEVEL FLIGHT EVEN IF LARGE POWER CHANGES ARE MADE.

-If both the ram air input and the drain hole of the pitot system are blocked, what reaction should you observe on the airspeed indicator when power is applied and a climb is initiated out of severe icing conditions? NO CHANGE UNTIL AN ACTUAL CLIMB RATE IS ESTABLISHED, THEN INDICATED AIRSPEED WILL INCREASE

-If cleared for a straight in LOC approach from over OALDY…? BEGIN FINAL APPROACH WITHOUT MAKING A PROCEDURE TURN

-If cleared for an S-LOC 17r…? BEGIN FINAL APPROACH WITHOUT MAKING A PROCEDURE TURN

-If cleared for NDB RWY 28…? PROCEED STRAIGHTIN FROM CRISY, DESCENDING O MDA AFTER CASER

-If during an ILS approach in IFR conditions, the approach lights are not visible upon arrival at the DH the pilot is: REQUIRED TO INMEDIATLY EXECUTE THE MISSED APPROACH PROCEDURE

-If involved in a microburst encounter, in which aircraft positions will the most severe downdraft occur? 3 AND 4

-If no MCA is specified, what is the lowest altitude for crossing a radio fix, beyond which a higher minimum applies? THE MEA AT WHICH THE FIX IS APPROACHED

-If only one missed approach procedure is available, which of the following conditions is required when conducting TMED APPROACHES from a holding fix? THE REPORTED CEILING AND VISIBILITY MINIMUMS MUST BE EQUAL TO OR GREATER THAN THE HIGUEST PRESCRIVED CIRCLING MINIMUMS FOR THE IAP

-If receiver autonomous integrity monitoring is not available…? SELECT ANOTHER TYPE OF NAVIGATION AND APPROACH  SYSTEM

-If severe turbulence is encountered during your IFR flight, the airplane should be slowed to the design maneuvering speed because the: AMOUNT OF EXCESS LOAD THAT CAN BE IMPOSED ON THE WING WILL BE DECREASED

-If squalls are reported at your destination, what wind conditions should you anticipate? SUDDEN INCREASES IN WIND SPEED OF AT LEAST 16 KNOTS RISING TO 22 KNOTS OR MORE, LASTING FOR AT LEAST 1 MINUTE

-If the air temperature is +8C at an elevation of 1350 Feet and a standard…? 5350 FEET

-If the aircraft transponder fails during flight within class b airspace: ATC MAY AUTHORIZE DEVIATION FROM THE TRANSPONDER REQUIREMENT TO ALLOW AIRCRAFT TO CONTINUE TO AIRPORT OF ULTIMATE DESTINATION

-If the magnetic heading shown for aircraft 2 is maintained, which ADF illustration would indicate the aircraft is on the 255 magnetic bearing TO the station?    4

-If the magnetic heading shown for aircraft 3 is maintained, which ADF illustration would indicate the aircraft is on the 120 magnetic bearing TO the station?   2

-If the magnetic heading shown for aircraft 4 is maintained, which ADF illustration would indicate the aircraft is on the 135 magnetic bearing TO the station?    1

-If the magnetic heading shown for aircraft 5 is maintained, which ADF illustration would indicate the aircraft is on the 210 magnetic bearing FROM the station?   4

-If the magnetic heading shown for aircraft 5 is maintained, which ADF illustration would indicate the aircraft is on the 240 magnetic bearing TO the station?   1

-If the magnetic heading shown for aircraft 6 is maintained, which ADF illustration would indicate the aircraft is on the 255 magnetic bearing FROM the station?   4

-If the magnetic heading shown for aircraft 7 is maintained, which ADF illustration would indicate the aircraft is on the 120 magnetic bearing FROM the station?   5

-If the magnetic heading shown for aircraft 8 is maintained, which ADF illustration would indicate the aircraft is on the 090 magnetic bearing FROM the station?   6

-If the outside air temperature increases during a flight at constant power and at a constant indicated altitude, the true airspeed will: INCREASE AND TRUE ALTITUDE WILL INCREASE

-If the pilot loses visual reference while circling to land from an instrument approach and ATC radar service is not available, the missed approach action should be to: MAKE A CLIMBING TURN TOWARD THE LANDING RUNWAY AND CONTINUE THE TURN UNTIL ESTABLISHED ON THE MISSED APPROACH COURSE

-If the radio magnetic indicator is tuned to a VOR which illustration indicates the aircraft is on the 115 radial?   1

-if the radio magnetic indicator is tuned to a VOR which illustration indicates the aircraft is on the 335 radial?     4

-if the radio magnetic indicator is tuned to a VOR which illustration indicates the aircraft is on the 315 radial?     2

-If the radio magnetic indicator is tuned to a VOR which illustration indicates the aircraft is on the 010 radial?   3

-If the RVR equipment is inoperative for an IAP that requires a visibility of 2400 RVR, how should…? AS A GROUND VISIBILITY OF ½ SM

-If the RVR is not reported, what meteorological value should you substitute for 2400 RVR? A GROUND VISIBILITY of ½ SM

-If you are departing from an airport where you cannot obtain an altimeter setting, you should set your altimeter: TO THE AIRPORT ELEVATION

-If you fly into severe turbulence, which flight condition should you attempt to maintain? LEVEL FLIGHT ATTITUDE

If your aircraft was cleared for the ILS RWY 17R at LINCOLN…? IMMEDIATELY

-If, during a VFR practice instrument approach, radar approach control assigns an altitude or heading that will cause you to enter clouds, what action should be taken? AVOID THE CLOUDS AND INFORM ATC THAT ALTITUDE WILL NOT PERMIT VFR

-If, while in class E airspace, a clearance is received to MAINTAIN VFR CONDITIONS on top, the pilot should…? MAGNETIC COURSE

-If, while in level flight, it becomes necessary to use an alternate source of static pressure vented inside the airplane, which of the following variations in instrument indications should the pilot expect? THE ALTIMETER WILL READ HIGHER THAN NORMAL, AIRSPEED GREATER THAN NORMAL, AND THE VSI WILL MOMENTARILY SHOW A CLIMB

-If, while in level flight, it becomes necessary to use an alternate source of static pressure vented inside the airplane, which of the following should the pilot expect? THE VERTICAL SPEED TO MOMENTARILY SHOW A CLIMB

-If, while in level flight, it becomes necessary to use an alternate source of static pressure vented inside the airplane, which of the following should the pilot expect? THE ALTIMETER TO READ HIGHER THAN NORMAL.

-Immediately after passing the final approach fix in bound during an ILs approach in IFR conditions, the glide slope warning appears. The pilot is: PERMITTED TO CONTINUE THE APPROACH AND DESCENT TO LOCALIZER MDA

-In addition to a VOR receiver and two way communications capability, which additional equipment is required for IFR operation in class B airspace? AN OPERABLE CODED TRANSPONDER HAVING MODE C CAPABILITY

-In the 48 contiguous states, excluding the airspace below 2500, an operable coded transponder equipped with mode C capability is required in all controlled airspace at and above: 10000 FEET MSL

-In the case of operations over an area designated as a mountainous area, no person…? 4 NM FROM THE COURSE FLOWN

-In the case of operations over an area designated as a mountainous area where no other…? 2000 FEET ABOVE THE HIGUEST OBSTACLE

-In the event of two way communications failure operating on an IFR clearance in VFR conditions, the pilot should continue: THE FLIGHT UNDER VFR AND LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICAL

-In what localities is advection fog most likely to occur? COASTAL AREAS

-In which airspace is VFR on TOP operation prohibited? CLASS A AIRSPACE

-In which general direction from the VORTAC is the aircraft located?  NORTHEAST

-In which general direction from the VORTAC is the aircraft located?  NORTHWEST

-In which metereological environment is aircraft structural icing most likely to have the highest rate of accumulation? FREEZING RAIN

-In which publication can the VOR receiver ground checkpoints for a particular airport be found? AIRPORT FACILITY DIRECTORY

-In which situation is advection fog most likely to form? AN AIR MASS MOVING INLAND FROM THE COAST IN WINTER

-Interpret this PIREP: MRB YA/OV…? AT 6000 FEET BETWEEN LAYERS,MODERATE TURBULENCE, MODERATE RAIN

-Mandatory airport instruction signs are designated by having: WHITE LETTERING WITH A RED BACKGROUND

-Maximum downdrafts in a microburst encounter may be as strong as: 6000 FEET PER MINUTE

-MEA is an altitude which assures: ACCEPTABLE NAVIGATIONAL SIGNAL COVERAGE AND MEETS OBSTRUCTION CLEARANCE REQUIREMENTS

-MOAS are established to: SEPARATE CERTAIN MILITARY ACTIVITIES FROM IFR TRAFFIC.

-No person may operate an aircraft in controlled airspace under IFR unless HE SHE files a flight plan: AND RECIEVES A CLEARANCE PRIOR TO ENTERING CONTROLLED AIRSPACE

-No pilot may act as pilot in command of an aircraft, under IFRI conditions less than the minimums described for VFR unless that the pilot has, within the preceding 6 calendar months completed at least: SIX INSTRUMENTS APPROACHES, HOLDING PROCEDURES, INTERCEPTING AND TRACKING COURSES USING NAVIGATIONAL SYSTEMS, OR PASSED AN INSTRUMENT PROFICIENCY CHECK

-Of the following, which is the minimum acceptable rate of climb to 9000 feet required for the WASH2 WAGGE departure at a GS of 150 knots? 1000 FEET PER MINUTE

-On  the runup pad, you receive the following clearance from ground control: CLEARED TO THE DALLAS….? DESTINATION AIRPORT AND ROUTE

-On the basis of this information, the magnetic bearing FROM the station would be: 175

-On the basis of this information, the magnetic bearing FROM the station would be:   060

-On the basis of this information, the magnetic bearing TO the station would be: 355

-On the basis of this information, the magnetic bearing To the station would be:   240

-On the taxi check, the magnetic compass should: SWING FREELY AND INDICATE KNOWN HEADINGS

-On what frequency should you obtain en route flight advisory service bellow FL 180? 122.0

-On what headings will the magnetic compass read most accurately during a level 360 turn, with a bank of approximately of 15? 90 AND 270

-On which frequencies could you communicate with the MONTGOMERY…? 122.65, 122.2

-On which radial is the aircraft as indicated by the No 1 NAV?   R345

-One characteristic that a properly functioning gyro depends upon for operation is the: RESISTANCE TO DEFLECTION OF THE SPINNING WHEEL OR DISC

-Operation in which airspace requires filling an IFR flight plan? CLASS E AIRSPACE WITH IMC AND CLASS A AIRSPACE

-Opon intercepting the assigned radial, the controller advises you that you are on the airway and to RESUME OWN NAVIGATION. This phrase means that: YOU ARE ASUME RESPONSIBILITY OF OWN NAVIGATION

-Other than VOR DME RNAV, what additional navigation…?NONE

-Pilots of IFR flights seeking ATC in flight weather avoidance assistance should keep in mind that: ATC RADAR LIMITATIONS AND, FREQUENCY CONGESTIONS MAY LIMIT THE CONTROLLERS CAPABILITY TO PROVIDE THIS SERVICE.

-Precision runway monitoring is: A RADAR SYSTEM FOR MONITORING APPROACHES TO CLOSELY SPACED PARALLEL RUNWAYS

-Preferred IFR routes beginning with a fix, indicate that departing aircraft will normally be routed to the fix by: AN INSTRUMENT DEPARTURE PROCEDURE OR RADAR VECTORS

-Pressure altitude is the altitude read on your altimeter when  the instrument is adjusted to indicate height above: THE STANDARD DATUM PLANE

-Prior to conducting timed approaches from a holding fix which one of the following is required? THE AIRPORT WHERE THE APPROACH IS TO BE CONDUCTED MUST HAVE A CONTROL TOWER IN OPERATION

-Prior to operating an aircraft not equipped with a transponder in class b airspace, a request for a deviation must be submitted to the: CONTROLLING ATC FACILITY AT LEAST 1 HOUR BEFORE THE PROPOSED FLIGHT

-Prior to starting an engine, you should check the turn and slip indicator to determine of the: NEEDLE IS APROXIMATELY CENTERED AND THE TUBE IS FULL OF FLUID

-Prior to which operation must an IFR flight plan be filed and an appropriate ATC clearance received? ENTERING CONTROLLED AIRSPACE WHEN IMC EXISTS

-Rate of turn can be increased and radius of turn decreased by: DECREASING AIRSPEED AND INCREASING THE BANK

-Reception of signals from a radio facility, located off the airway being flown, may be inadequate…? MRA

-Reception of signals from an off airway radio facility may be inadequate to identify…? MRA

-Refer to the DEL ILS RWY 35R procedure…? 7500 FEET MSL

-Runway hold positions markings on the taxiway: IDENTIFIES WHERE AIRCRAFT HOLD SHORT OF THE RUNWAY

-RVR minimums for landing are prescribed in an IAP, but RVR is inoperative and cannot be reported for the intended runway at the time. Which of the following would be an operational consideration? RVR MINIMUMS WHICH ARE SPECIFIED IN THE PROCEDURES SHOULD BE CONVERTED AND APPLIED AS GROUND VISIBILITY

-SIGMETs are issued as a warning of weather conditions potentially hazardous: TO ALL AIRCRAFT

-Southbound on V257, at what time should you arrive at DBS…? 0943

-Stability can be determined from which measurement of the atmosphere? AMBIENT LAPSE RATE

-Standing lenticular clouds, in mountainous areas, include: TURBULENCE

-Steady precipitation, in contrast to showers, preceding a front is an indication of:  STRATIFORM CLOUDS WITH LITTLE OR NO TURBULENCE

-Test data indicate that ice, snow, or frost…? REDUCE LIFT BY AS MUCH AS 30 PERCENT AND INCREASE DRAG BY 40 PERCENT

-The 24 hour period low level significant weather prog at 12z…? CEILINGS LESS THAN 1000 FEET VISIBILITY LESS THAN 3 MILES

-The aircraft in position 3 will experience which effect in a microburst encounter? STRONG DOWNDRAFT

-The aircrafts transponder fails during flight within class D airspace: NO DEVIATION IS REQUIRED BECAUSE A TRNASPONDER IS NOT REQUIRED IN CLASS D AIRSPACE

-The altitude that provides acceptable navigational signal coverage for the route, and meets obstacle clearance requirements is the minimum: ENROUTE ALTITUDE

-The amount of water vapor which air can hold largely depends on: AIR TEMPERATURE

-The area indicated by arrow H indicates: MODERATE TURBULENCE AT AND BELLOW 34000 FEET

-The average height of the troposphere in the middle latitudes is: 37000 FEET

-The body of a terminal aerodrome forecast covers a geographical proximity within a: 5 STATUTE MILE RADIUS FROM THE CENTER OF AN AIRPORT RUNWAY COMPLEX

-The chart symbols shown in the gulf of mexico at 12Z…? TROPICAL STORM

-The control tower at BOS reports TALL VESSELS…? 840/40

-The course deviation indicator is centered. Which indications on the No 1 and No 2 VO receivers over the Lafayette..? 162 TO 346 FROM

-The course selector of each aircraft is set on 360. Which aircraft would have a FROM indication on the TO FROM indicator and the CDI pointing left of center?   2

-The displacement of a turn coordinator during a coordinated turn will: INCREAS AS ANGLE OF ATACK INCREASES

-The final approach fix for the precision approach is located at: GLIDE SLOPE INTERCEPT

-The general characteristics of unstable air are: GOOD VISIBILITY, SHOWERY PRECIPITATION, AND CUMULIFORM TYPE CLOUDS

-The glide slope and localizer are centered, but the airspeed is too fast. Which should be adjusted initially: POWER ONLY

-The gyroscopic heading indicator is inoperative. What is the primary bank instrument in unaccelerated straight and level flight? MAGNETIC COMPASS

-The hazardous in-flight weather advisory service is a continues broadcast over selected VORS of: SIGMETS, CONVECTIVE SIGMETS, AIRMETS, SEVERE WEATHER FORECAST ALERTS, AND CENTER WEATHER ADVISORIES

-The heading on a remote indicating compass is 120 and the magnetic compass indicates 110. What action is required to correctly align the heading indicator with the magnetic compass?  SELECT THE FREE GYRO MODE AND DEPRESS THE COCKWISE HEADING DRIVE BUTTOM.

-The heading on a remote indicating compass is 5 to the left of that desired. What action is required to move the desired heading under the heading reference? SELECT THE FREE GYRO MODE AND DEPRESS THE COUNTER CLOCKWISE HEADING DRIVE BUTTON

-The ILS critical area boundary sign identifies: EDGE OF THE ILS CRITICAL AREA

-The local altimeter setting should be used by all pilots in a particular area, primarily to provide: BETTER VERTICAL SEPARATION OF AIRCRAFT.

-The low level significant weather prognostic chart depicts weather conditions: THAT ARE FORECAST TO EXISTS AT A VALID TIME SHOWN ON THE CHART

-The lowest published altitude which meets obstacle clearance requirements…? MEA

-The middle and far bars of a 3 bar VASI will: CONSTITUTE A 3 BAR VASI FOR USING THE UPPER GLIDEPATH

-The missed approach point of the ATL S LOC8L…? 5.2 NM

-The most current en route and destination flight information for planning an instrument flight should be obtained from: THE FSS

-The most frequent type of ground or surface based temperature inversion is that produced by: RADIATION ON A CLEAR, RELATIVELY STILL NIGHT

-The NO ENTRY sign identifies: PAVED AREA WHERE AIRCRAFT ENTRY IS PROHIBITED

-The operation of an airport rotating beacon during daylight hours may indicate that: THE GORUND VISIBILIT IS LESS THAN 3 MILES OR THE CEILING IS LESS THAN 1000 FEET IN CLASS B C D OR E RESPECTIVELY

-The pilot in command of a civil aircraft must have an instrument rating only when operating: UNDER IFR IN WEATHER CONDITIONS LESS THAN THE MINIMUM FOR VFR FLIGHT OR IN CLASS A AIRSPACE

-The point on the teardrop procedure where the turn in bound DUNCAN HALLIBURTON…? DME AND TIMING TO REMAIN WITHIN THE 10 NM LIMIT

-The presence of ice pellets at the surface is evidence that: THERE IS FREEZING RAIN AT A HIGHER ALTITUDE

-The presence of standing lenticular altocumulus clouds is a good indication of: VERY STRONG TURBULENCE

-The pressure altitude at a given location is indicated on the altimeter after the altimeter is set to: 29.92 HG

-The primary cause of all changes in the Earths weather is: VARIATION OF SOLAR ENERGY RECEIVED BY THE EARTH´S REGIONS

-The primary purpose of runway end identifier lights, installed at many airfields, is to provide: RAPID IDENTIFICATION OF THE APPROACH END OF THE RUNWAY DURING REDUCED VISIBILITY

-The primary reason the angle of attack must be increased, to maintain a constant altitude during a coordinated turn, is because the: VERTICAL COMPONENT OF LIFT HAS DECREASED AS THE RESULT OF THE BANK

-The primary reason the pitch attitude must be increased, to maintain a constant altitude during a coordinated turn, is because the:  VERTICAL COMPONENT OF LIFT HAS DECREASED AS THE RESULT OF THE BANK

-The rate of descent on the glide slope is dependent upon: CALIBRATED AIRSPEED

-The rate of descent required to stay on the ILS glide slope: MUST BE DECREASED IF THE GROUND SPEED IS DECREASED

-The rate of turn at any airspeed is dependent upon: THE HORIZONTAL LIFT COMPONENT

-The reporting station originating this aviation routine weather report has a field elevation of 620 feet…? 5180 FEET

-The runway hold positions sign denotes: AN ENTRANCE TO RUNWAY FROM A TAXIWAY

-The RVR minimums for takeoff or landing are published in an IAP, bur RVR is inoperative…? RVR MINIMUMS WHICH ARE SPECIFIED IN THE PROCEDURE SHOULD BE CONVERTED AND APPLIED AS GROUND VISIBILITY

-The severe weather outlook chard depicts: AREAS OF  PROBABLE SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS BY THE USE OF SINGLE HATCHED AREAS ON THE CHART

-The severe weather outlook chart depicts: AREAS FORECAST TO HAVE THUNDERSTORMS

-The severe weather outlook chart, which is used primarily for advance planning, provides what information?   A 24 HOUR SEVERE WEATHER OUTLOOK FOR POSSIBLE THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY

-The station originating the following weather report has a fiel elevation of 1300 FEET MSL…? 500 FEET

-The strength and location of the jet stream is normally: WEAKER AND FARTHER NORTH IN THE SUMMER

-The suffix NIMBUS used in naming clouds, means a: RAIN CLOUD

-The surface analysis chart depicts: ACTUAL FRONTS POSITIONS, PRESSURE PATTERNS, TEMPERATURE, DEW POINT, WIND, WEATHER, AND OBSTRUCTIONS TO VISION A THE VALID TIME OF THE CHART

-The symbol on the plan view of the ILS RWY 35R…? DENVER VORTAC

-The symbol on the plan view of the VOR DME A procedure at 7D3 represents a minimum safe sector altitude within 25 NM of the: WHITE CLOUD VORTAC

-The symbol on the US HIGH LEVEL SIGNIFICANT WETHER PROG indicated by arrow G, represent the: HEIGHT OF THE TROPOPAUSE

-The time entered in block 12 for an IFR flight should be based on which fuel quantity? TOTAL USABLE FUEL ON BOARD

-The US low level significant weather surface prog chart at 00z…? MODERATE OR GREATER TURBULENCE FROM THE SURFACE TO FL 240

-The use of certain portable electronic devices is prohibited on aircraft that are being operated under: IFR

-The vertical extent os the Class A airspace throughout the conterminous US extends from: 18000 FEET TO AND INCLUDING FL 600

-The weather depiction chart indicates the heaviest precipitation is occurring in: NORTH CENTRAL MINNESOTA

-The weather description chart in the area of Northwestern Wyoming indicates: 500 FOOT CEILLINGS AND CONTINUOUS RAIN, LESS THAN 3 MILES VISIBILITY

-The wind direction and velocity on the observed winds aloft chart, is indicated from the: SOUTHWEST AT 35 KNOTS

-Thrust is managed to maintain IAS, and glide sloe is being flown. What characteristics…? PITCH ALTITUDE DECREASES, REQUIRED THRUST INCREASED, THE REDUCED, VERTICAL SPEED INCREASES, IAS DECREASES, THEN INCREASES TO APPROACH SPEED

-To carry passengers for hire in an airplane on cross country of more than 50 NM from departure airport, the pilot in command is required to hold at least: A COMMERCIAL PILOT CERTIFICATE WITH AN INSTRUMENT RATING

-To comply with ATc instructions for altitude changes of more than 1000 FEET what rate of climb or descent should be used? AS RAPIDLY AS PRACTICABLE TO 1000 FEET ABOVE BELLOW THE ASIGNED ALTITUDE, AND THEN BETWEEN 500 AND 1500 FEET PER MINUTE UNTIL REACHING ASSIGNED ALTITUDE

-To ensure proper airspace protection while holding at 5000 feet in a civil aircraft, what is the maximum indicated airspeed a pilot should use?   200 KNOTS

-To ensure proper airspace protection while in a holding pattern above 14000 FEET in a propeller drive airplane, what is the maximum indicated airspeed a pilot should use?   265 KNOTS

-To ensure proper airspace protection while in a holding pattern, what is the maximum airspeed above 14000 FEET for civl turbojet aircraft?   265 KNOTS

-To enter a constant airspeed descent from level cruising flight, and maintain cruising airspeed, the pilot should: SIMUSTANIOUSLY REDUCE POWER AND ADJUST THE PITCH USING THE ATTITUDE INDICATOR AS A REFERENCE TO MAINTAIN THE CRUISING AIRSPEED.

-To level off at an airspeed higher than the descent speed, the addition of power should be made, assuming a 500 FPM rate of descent, at approximately: 100 to 150 FEET ABOVE THE DESIRED ALTITUDE.

-To level off from a descent maintaining the descending airspeed, the pilot should lead the desired altitude by approximately: 50 FEET

-To level off from a descent to a specific altitude, the pilot should lead the level off by approximately: 10 PERCENT OF THE VERTICAL SPEED

-To meet instrument experience requirements of CFR PART 61, section 61.57, a pilot enters the condition of flight in the pilot logbook as simulated instrument conditions, what other qualifying information must also be entered? LOCATION AND TYPE OF EACH INSTRUMENT APPROACH COMPLETED AND NAME OF SAFETY PILOT

-To meet the minimum instrument experience requirements, within the last 6 calendar months you need: SIX INSTRUMENTS APPROACHES, HOLDING PROCEDURES, INTERCEPTING AND TRACKING COURSES IN THE APROPIATE CATEGORY OF AIRCRAFT

-To meet the minimum required instrument flight experience to act as pilot in command of an aircraft under IFR, you must have had logged within the preceding 6 calendar months in the same category of aircraft: six instrument approaches: HOLDING PROCEDURES, INTERCEPTING AND TRACKING COURSES THROUGH THE USE OF NAVIGATION SYSTEMS.

-To meet the requirements for flight under IFR, an aircraft must be equipped with certain operable instruments and equipment. One of those required is: A CLOCK WITH SWEEEP SECOND POINTER OR DIGITAL PRESENTATION

-To operate an aircraft under IFR a flight plan must have been filed and ATC clearance received prior to: ENTERING CONTROLLED AIRSPACE

-To operate under IFR bellow 18000 feet, a pilo must file an IFR flight plan and receive an appropriate ATC clearance prior to: ENTERING CONTRLLED AIRSPACE

-To remain on the ILS GLIDEPATH, the rate of descent must be: INCREASED IF THE GROUND SPEED IS INCREASED

-To which aircraft position does HIS presentation A correspond?   1

-To which aircraft position does HIS presentation B correspond?      19

-To which aircraft position does HIS presentation C correspond?     12

-To which aircraft position does HIS presentation D correspond?    17

-To which aircraft position does HIS presentation E correspond?    6

-To which aircraft position does HIS presentation F correspond?     16

-To which aircraft positions does HSI presentation A correspond?  9 and 6

-To which aircraft positions does HSI presentation B correspond?  5 and 13

-To which aircraft positions does HSI presentation C correspond?  12

-To which aircraft positions does HSI presentation D correspond?    2

-To which aircraft positions does HSI presentation E correspond?   3 ONLY

-To which aircraft positions does HSI presentation F correspond?    4

-To which aircraft positions does HSI presentation G correspond?    7 AND 11

-To which aircraft positions does HSI presentation H correspond?    1

-To which aircraft positions does HSI presentation I correspond?   11

-To which meteorological condition does the term dew point refer? THE TEMPERATURE TO WHICH AIR MUST BE COOLED TO BECOME SATURATED

-Tricolor visual approach indicators normally consist of: A SINGLE UNIT PROJECTING A THREE COLOR VISUAL APPROACH PATH

-Under what condition is pressure altitude and density altitude the same value? AT STANDARD TEMPERATURE

-Under what condition will true altitude be lower than indicated altitude with an altimeter setting of 29.92 hg? IN COLDER THAN STANDARD AIR TEMPERATURE.

-Under which condition does advection fog usually form? MOIST AIR MOVING OVER COLDER GROUND OR WATER

-Under which condition does ATC issue a STAR? WHEN ATC DEEMS IT APPROPIATE, UNLESS THE PILOTS REQUEST NO STAR

-Under which condition must the pilot in command of a civil aircraft have at least an instrument rating?  FOR A FLIGHT IN VFR CONDITIONS WHILE ON AN IFR FLIGHT PLAN

-Under which condition will pressure altitude be equal to true altitude? WHEN STANDARD ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS EXIST.

-Under which conditions is hydroplaning most likely to occur? DURING CONDITIONS OF STANDING WATER, SLUSH, HIGH SPEED AND SMOOTH RUNWAY TEXTURE

-Under which of the following circumstances will ATC issue a VFR restriction to an IFR flight? WHEN THE PILOT REQUEST IT

-Unless a higher angle is required for obstacle clearance, what is the normal glidepath for a 3 bar VASI? 3.0

-Unless a higuer angle is necessary for obstacle clearance, what is the normal glidepath angle for a 2 bar VASI? 3.00

-Unless otherwise specified on the chart, the minimum en route altitude along a jet route is: 18000 FEET MSL

-Unsaturated air flowing up slope will cool at the rate of approximately (dry adiabatic lapse rate)? 3C PER 1000 FEET

-Using the DAY 2 CONVECTIVE OUTLOOK…? GENERAL

-Wake turbulence is near maximum behind a jet transport just after takeoff because: OF THE HIGH ANGLE OF ATTACK AND HIGH GROSS WEIGHT

-What action is recommended if a pilot does not wish to use an isntruemnt departure procedure? ENTER NO DP IN THE REMARKS SECTION OF THE IFR FLIGHT PLAN

-What action should the pilot take if the marker beacon receiver becomes inoperative during the S ILS 9…? SUBSTITUTE SWAN LAKE INTFOR THE OM AND USE PUBLISHED MINIMUMS

-What action should you take if your DME fails at FL 240? NOTIFY ATC OF THE FAILURE AND CONTINUE TO THE NEXT AIRPORT OF INTENDED LANDING WHERE REPAIR CAN BE MADE

-What action should you take if your No 1 VOR receiver malfunctions while operating in controlled airspace under IFR…? REPORT THE MALFUNCTION IMMEDIATELY TO ATC

-What altitude may a pilot select upon receiving a VFR ON TOP clearance? ANY APPROPIATE VFR ALTITUDE AT OR ABOVE THE MEA IN VFR WEATHER CONDITIONS

-What angular deviation from a VOR course centerline is represented by a full scale deflection of the CDI?   10

-What angular deviation from a VOR course centerline is represented by a ½ scale deflection of the CDI?   5

-What approximate wind direction, speed and temperature should a pilot expect when planning for a flight over ALLB at FL 270? 275 TRUE at 97 KNOTS, ISA+4C

-What approximate wind direction, speed and temperature should a pilot expect when planning for a flight over PSB at FL 270? 255 TRUE at 93 KNOTS

-What approximate wind direction, speed and temperature should a pilot expect when planning for a flight over EMI at FL 270?   265 TRUE 100 KNOTS, ISA +3C

-What are some characteristics of unstable air? TURBULENCE AND GOOD SURFACE VISIBILITY

-What are the alternate minimums that must be forecast at the ETA for an airport that has an precision approach procedure? 600 FOOT CEILING AND 2 MILES VISIBILITY

-What are the characteristics of stable air? POOR VISIBILITY, STEADY PRECIPITATION, AND STRATUS TYPE CLOUDS

-What are the four families of clouds? HIGH, MIDDLE, LOW, AND THOSE WITH EXTENSIVE VERTICAL DEVELOPMENT

-What are the main differences between a visual approach and a contact approach? THE PILOT MUST REQUEST A CONTACT APPROACH, THE PILOT MAY BE ASSIGNED A VISUAL APPROACH AND HIGUER WEATHER MINIMUMS MUST EXISTS

-What are the main differences between the SDF and the localizer of an ILS? THE SDF COURSE MAY NOT BE ALIGNED WITH THE RUNWAY AND THE COURSE MAY BE WIDER

-What are the minimum fuel requirements in IFR conditions, if the first airport of intended landing is forecast to have 1500 foot ceiling and 3 miles visibility at flight planned ETA? Fuel to fly to the first airport of intended landing: FLY TO THE ALTERNATE, AND FLY THEREAFTER FOR 45 MINUTES AT NORMAL CRUISING SPEED.

-What are the minimum qualifications for a person who occupies the other control seat as safety pilot during simulated instrument flight? PRIVATE PILOT CERTIFICATE WITH APPROPIATE CATEGORY AND CLASS RATINGS FOR THE AIRCRAFT

-What are the minimum weather conditions that must be forecast to list an airport as an alternate when the airport has no approved IAP? THE CEILING AND VISIBILITY AT ETA MUST ALLOW DESCENT FROM MEA APPROACH AND LANDING UNDER BASIC VFR

-What are the normal lateral limits for Class D airspace? 4 NM

-What are the operating hours at the HOUSTON EFAS? 0600 to 2200

-What are the oxygen requirements for an IFR flight eastbound on V520 from DBS VORTAC in an unpressurized aircraft at the MEA? THE REQUIRED MINIMUM CREW MUST BE PROVIDED AND USE SUPPLEMENTAL OXYGEN

-What are the oxygen requirements for an IFR flight northeast bound from BRYCE…? THE REQUIREMENT MINIMUM CREW MUST BE PROVIDED AND USE SUPPLEMENTAL OXYGEN AND ALL OCCUPANTS MUST BE PROVIDED SUPPLEMENTAL OCYGEN FOR THE ENTIRE FLIGHT ABOVE 15000 FEET

-What are the primary benefits of satellite based are navigation (RNAV)? PROVIDES OPTIMAL ROUTING AND ALTITUDES

-What are the procedure turn restrictions on the LDA RWY 6 approach at ROANOKE regional? REMAIN WITHIN 10 NM OF CLAMM INT AND ON THE NORTH SIDE OF THE APPROACH COURSE

-What are the requirements for a contact approach to an airport that has an approved IAP, if the pilot is on an instrument flight plan and clear of clouds? THE PILOT MUST REQUEST THE APPROACH, HAVE AT LEAST 1 MILE VISIBILITY AND BE REASONABLY SURE OF REMAINING CLEAR OF CLOUDS

-What are the requirements for the formation of a thunderstorm? SUFFICIENT MOISTURE, AN UNSTABLE LAPSE RATE, AND A LIFTING ACTION

-What are the restrictions regarding circle to land procedures for LDA RWY GS6 approach at ROANOKE regional? CIRCLING NOT AUTHORIZED NW OF RWY 6-24

-What are the three fundamental skills involved in attitude instrument flying?  CROSS CHECK, INSTRUMENT INTERPRETATION, and AIRCRAFT CONTROL

-What are the two limiting cruising altitudes useable on V343…? 15.500 and 17.500 FEET

-What are the vertical limits of a transition area that is designed in conjuction with an airport having a prescribed IAP¿ 700 FEET AGL OR MORE TO THE BASE OF THE OVERFLYING CONTROLLED AIRSPACE

-What causes surface winds to flow across the isobars at an angle rather than parallel to the isobars? SURFACE FRICTION

-What causes the northerly turning error in a magnetic compass? THE MAGNETIC DIP CHARACTERISTIC

-What changes in control displacement should be made so that 1 would result in a coordinated standard rate turn? INCREASE RIGHT RUDDER AND INCREASE RATE OF TURN

-What changes in control displacement should be made so that 2 would result in a coordinated standard rate turn? INCREASE LEFT RUDDER AND INCREASE RATE OF TURN

-What colors are the runway holding position lights? WHITE WITH A RED BACKGROUND

-What conclusion can be drawn form a 500 MILIBAR constant pressure chart for a planned flight at FL 180? OBSERVED TEMPERATURE WIND AND TEMPERATURE DEW POINT SPREAD ALONG THE PROPOSED ROUTE CAN BE APPROXIMATED

-What condition prolongs the hazards of wake turbulence on a landing runway for the longest period of time? LIGHT QUARTERING TAILWIND

-What conditions are necessary before ATC can authorize a visual approach? YOU MUST HAVE THE AIRPORT IN SIGHT OR A RECEDING AIRCRAFT TO BE FOLLOWED, AND BE ABLE TO PROCED TO THE AIRPORT IN VFR CONDITIONS

-What cruising altitude is appropriate for VFR on top on westbound flight below 18000 FEET? EVEN THOUSAND FOOT LEVELS PLUS 500 FEET, BUT NOT BELLOW MEA

-What determines the MAP for the straight in VOR DME RNAV RWY 4R approach at BOS? 0.5 NM to RULSY WAY POINT

-What determines the structure or type of clouds which form as a result of air being forced to ascend? THE STABILITY OF THE AIR BEFORE LIFTING OCCURS

-What does a convective outlook describe for a following 24 hour period? GENERAL THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY

-What does declaring MINIMUM FUEL to ATC imply? MERELY AN ADVISORY THAT INDICATES AN EMERGENCY SITUATION IS POSSIBLE SHOULD ANY UNDUE DELAY OCCUR

-What does the absence of the procedure turn barb on the plan view on an approach chart indicate? A PROCEDURE TURN IS NOT AUTHORIZED

-What does the ATC term RADAR contact signify? YOUR AIRCRAFT HAS BEEN IDENTIFIED ON THE RADAR DISPLAY AND RADAR FLIGHT FOLLOWING WIL BE PROVIDED UNTIL RADAR IDENTIFICATION IS TERMINATED

-What does the miniature aircraft of the turn coordinator directly display? RATE OF ROLL AND RATE OF TURN

-What does the runway visual range value, depicted on certain straight in IAP charts represent? THE HORIZONTAL DISTANCE A PILOT SHOULD SEE WHEN LOOKING DOWN THE RUNWAY FROMA MOOVING AIRCRAFT

-What does the symbol T within a black triangule in the minimums section of the IAP for a particular airport indicate?  TAKEOFF MINIMUMS ARE NOT STANDFARD AND OR DEPARTURE PROCEDURE ARE PUBLISHED

-What effect will a change in wind direction have upon maintaining a 3 glide slope at a constant true airspeed? WHEN GROUND SPEED INCREASES RATE OF DESCENT MUST INCREASE

-What effect will a microburst encounter have upon the aircraft in position 4? STRONG TAILWIND

-What effect would a light crosswind of approximately 7 knots have on vortex behabior? THE UPWIND VORTEX WOULD TEND TO REMAIN OVER THE RUNWAY

-What enhances the growth rate of precipitation? UPWARD CURRENTS

-What facilities, if any, may be substituted for an inoperative middle marker during an ILS approach without affecting the straight in minimums? SUBSTITUTIO NOT NECESSARY, MINIMUMS DO NOT CHANGE

-What feature is associated with a temperature inversion? A STABLE LAYER OF AIR

-What flight planning information can a pilot derive from constant pressure charts?  WINDS AND TEMPERATURES ALOFT

-What force causes an airplane to turn? HORIZONTAL LIFT COMPONENT

-What important information is provided by the radar summary chart is not shown on other weather charts? LINES AND CELLS OF HAZARDOUS THUNDERSTORMS

-What in flight visibility and distance from clouds is required for a flight at 8500 feet MSL in class G airspace in VFR conditions during daylight hours in area  4? 1 MILE, 1000 FEET 2000 FEET 500 FEET

-What in the minimum flight visibility and distance from clouds for flight at 10.500 feet  with a VFR ON TOP clearance during daylight hours? 5 SM, 1000 FEET ABOVE, 1000 FEET BELOW and 1 MILE HORIZONTAL.

-What in the required flight visibility and distance from clouds if you are operating in class E airspace at 9500 feet MSL with a VFR ON TOP clearance during daylight hours? 3 SM, 1000 FEET ABOVE, 500 FEET BELOW, and 2000 FEET HORIZONTAL

-What indication does a Mach meter present? THE RATIO OF AIRCRAFT TRUE AIRSPEED TO THE SPEED OF SOUND.

-What indication is presented by the miniature aircraft of the turn coordinator? INDIRECT INDICATION OF THE BANK ATTITUDE

-What indication should a pilot observe if an airspeed indicator ram air input and drain hole are blocked? THE AIRSPEED INDICATOR WILL REACT AS AN ALTIMETER

-What indication should a pilot receive when a VOR station is undergoing maintenance and may be considered unreliable? NO CODED IDENTIFICATION, BUT POSSIBLE NAVIGATION INDICATIONS.

-What indication should be observed on a turn coordinator during a right turn while taxiing? THE MINIATURE AIRCRAFT WILL SHOW A TURN TO THE RIGHT AND THE BALL MOVES TO THE LEFT

-What indication should be observed on a turn coordinator during left turn while taxiing? THE MINIATURE AIRPLANE WILL SHOW A TURN TO THE LEFT AND THE BALL MOVES TO THE RIGHT

-What indication should you get when it is time to turn in bound while in the procedure turn at LABER? 4 DME MILES FROM LABER

-What indications are displayed by the miniature aircraft of a turn coordinator? RATE OF ROLL AND RATE OF TURN

-What indications should you observe on the turn and slip indicator during taxi? THE BALL MOVES FREELY OPOSITE TO TURN AND THE NEEDLE DEFLECTS IN THE DIRECTION OF TURN

-What information is contained in the notices to airmen publication NTAP? CURRENT NOTAM AND FDC NOTAMS

-What information is indicated by arrow A? THE HEIGHT OF THE TROPOPAUSE IN HUNDREDS OF FEET ABOVE MSL

-What information is provided by a convective outlook? IT PROVIDES PROSPECTS OF BOTH GENERAL AND SEVERE THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY DURING THE FOLLOWING 24 HOURS

-What information should be entered in block 7 of an IFR flight plan if the flight has three legs, each at a different altitude? ALTITUD FOR FIRST LEG

-What instruments are considered supporting bank instruments during a straight, stabilized climb at a constant rate? ATTITUDE INDICATOR AND TURN COORDINATOR.

-What instruments are primary for pitch, bank, and power, respectively, when transitioning into a constant airspeed climb from straight and level flight? ATTITUDE INDICATOR, HEADING INDICATOR, AND MANIFOLD PRESSURE GAUGE OR TACHOMETER

-What instruments is(are) supporting bank instruments when entering a constant airspeed climb from straight and level flight? ATTITUDE INDICATOR and TURN COORDINATOR

-What international morse code identifier is used to identify a specific interim standard microwave landing system?  A THREE LETER MORSE CODE IDENTIFIER PROCEDED BY THE MORSE CODE FOR THE LETTER M

-What is a difference between an SDF and an LDA facility? THE SDF COURSE WIDTH IS EITHER 6 or 12 WHILE TE LDA COURSE IS 5

-What is a way point when used for an IFR flight? A PREDERTERMINED GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION USED FOR AN RNAV ROUTE OR AN RNAV INSTRUMENT APPROACH

-What is an important characteristic of wind shear? IT IS AN ATMOSPHERIC CONDITION THAT MAY BE ASSOCIATED WITH A LOW LEVEL TEMPERATURE INVERSION, A JET STREAM, OR A FRONTAL ZONE

-What is an important characteristic of wind shear? IT MAY BE ASSOCIATED WITH EITHER A WIND SHIFT OR A WIND SPEED GRADIENT AT ANY LEVEL IN THE ATMOSPHERE

-What is an indication that downdrafts have developed and the thunderstorm…? PRECIPITATION BEGINS TO FALL FROM THE CLOUD BASE

-What is expected of you as pilot on an IFR flight plan if you are descending or climbing in VFR conditions? EXECUTE GENTLE BANKS, LEFT AND RIGHT, AT A FREQUENCY WHICH PERMITS CONTINUOUS VISUAL SCANNING OF THE AIRSPACE ABOUT YOU.

-What is generally the maximum altitude for class B airspace? 10000 Feet MSL

-What is indicated by the localizer course symbol at Jefferson county airport? A PUBLISHED ILS LOCALIZER COURSE, WHICH HAS AN ADDITIONAL NAVIGATION FUCTION

-What is indicated by the term EMBEDDED THUNDERSTORMS? THUNDERSTORMS ARE OBSCURED BY MASSIVE CLOUD LAYERS AND CANNOT BE SEEN

-What is meant by the entry in the remarks section of metar surface report for KBNA…? RAIN ENDED 42 PAST THE HOUR, SNOW BEGAN 42 PAST THE HOUR

-What is the ability to identify the RRS 2.5 stepdown…? DECREASES MDA BY 20 FEET

-What is the approximate wind direction and velocity at 34000 feet? 290/50 KNOTS

-What is the approximate wind direction and velocity at BOI?  250/95 KNOTS

-What is the approximate wind direction and velocity at CVG at 34000 FT? 230/35 KNOTS

-What is the ARTCC discrete frequency at the COP…? 133.6

-What is the correct sequence for recovery from the unusual attitude indicated? REDUCE POWER, LEVEL THE WINGS, BRING PITCH ATTITUDE TO LEVEL FLIGHT

-What is the correct sequence in which to use the three skills used in instrument flying? CROSS CHECK, INSTRUMENT INTERPRETATION and AIRCRAFT CONTROL.

-What is the definition of MEA? THE LOWEST PUBLISHED ALTITUDE WHICH MEETS OBSTACLE CLEARANCE REQUIREMENTS AND ASSURES ACCEPTABLE NAVIGATIONAL SIGNAL COVERAGE

-What is the difference between a localizer type directional aid and the ILS localizer? THE LDA IS NOT ALIGNED WITH THE RUNWAY

-What is the distance A from the beginning of the runway to the fixed distance marker? 1500 FEET

-What is the distance B from the beginning of the runway to the touchdown zone marker? 500 FEET

-What is the distance C from the beginning of the touchdown zone marker to the beginning of the fixed distance marker? 500 FEET

-What is the elevation of the TDZE for RWY 4?  46 FEET MSL

-What is the expected duration of an individual microburst? SELDOM LONGER THAN 15 MINUTES FROM THE TIME THE BURST STRIKES THE GROUND UNTIL DISSIPATION.

-What is the first fundamental skill in attitude instrument flying? INSTRUMENT CROSS CHECK

-What is the flight attitude? One system which transmits information to the instruments has malfunctioned: STRAIGHT AND LEVEL FLIGHT

-What is the flight attitude? One system which transmits information to the instruments has malfunctioned :CLIMBING TURN TO THE RIGHT

-What is the flight attitude? One system which transmits information to the instruments has malfunctioned: CLIMBING TURN TO THE RIGHT

-What is the flight attitude? One system which transmits information to the instruments has malfunctioned: LEVEL TURN TO THE RIGHT

-What is the floor of Class A airspace? 18.000 FEET MSL

-What is the floor of class E airspace when designated in conjuction with an airway? 1200 FEET AGL

-What is the floor of class E airspace when designated in conjunction with an airport which has an approved IAP? 700 FEET AGL

-What is the forecast wind at 18.00Z in th following TAf: KMEM…? CALM

-What is the function of the GREAT FALLS RCO? REMOTE COMMUNICATIONS OUTLET FOR GREAT FALLS FSS

-What is the height of the tropopause over KENTUCKY? FL 340

-What is the initial primary bank instrument when establishing a level standard rate turn? ATITUDE INDICATOR

-What is the landing distance available for the VOR DME RNAV RWY 4R approach at BOS?  8850 FT

-What is the lateral displacement in degrees from the desired radial on the No 2 NAV?   4

-What is the lateral displacement of the aircraft in NM from the radial selected on the no 1 NAV?  5.0  NM

-What is the magnetic bearing TO the station as indicated by illustration 4?    055

-What is the magnetic bearing to the station? 260

-What is the maximum altitude that class G airspace will exits? 14500 FEET MSL

-What is the maximum cabin pressure altitude at which a pilot can fly for longer than 30 minutes without using supplemental oxygen? 12500 FEET

-What is the maximum forecast period for AIRMETS: SIX HOURS

-What is the maximum IFR altitude you may fly in an unpressurized aircraft without providing passengers with oxygen? 15.000 FEET

-What is the maximum tolerance allowed for an operational VOR equipment check when using a VOT? PLUS OR MINUS 4

-What is the maximum wind velocity forecast in the jet stream shown on the high level significant weather prognostic chart over CANADA? 130 KNOTS

-What is the meaning of a bracket plotted to the right of the station circle on a weather depiction chart? THE STATION IS AN AUTOMATED OBSERVATION LOCATION

-What is the meaning of a single coded identification received only once approximately every 30 seconds from a VORTAC? THE DME COMPONENT IS OPERATIVE AND THE VOR COMPONENT IS INOPERATIVE

-What is the meaning of the symbol depicted as used on the US low level significant weather prognostic chart? SHOWERY PRECIPITATION, EMBEDDED IN AN AREA OF CONTINUOS RAIN COVERING HALF OR MORE OF THE AREA

-What is the minimum altitude descent procedure if cleared for the S ILS 9 approach from SEAL beach vortac? DESCEND AND MAINTAIN 3000 TO JASER INT, DESCEND TO 2500 WHILE ESTABLISHED ON THE LOC COURSE INBOUND, INTERCEPT AND MAINTAIN THE GS to 991 (DH)

-What is the minimum crossing altitude at DBS VORTAC for a northbound IFR FLIGHT on V257? 8600 FEET

-What is the minimum crossing altitude at SABAT intersection…? 11.100 FEET

-What is the minimum in flight visibility and distance from clouds required for an airplane operating less than 1200 feet AGL during daylight hours in area 6? 1 MILE, CLEAR OF CLOUDS, CLEAR OF CLOUDS, CLEAR OF CLOUDS

-What is the minimum in flight visibility and distance from clouds required in VFR conditions above clouds at 13500 feet MSL in class G airspace during daylight hours of area 2? 5 MILES 1000 FEET 1 MILE 1000 FEET

-What is the minimum in flight visibility and distance from clouds required for a VFR ON TOP flight at 9500 feet MSL during daylight hours for area 3?  3 MILES 1000 FEET 2000 FEET 500 FEET

-What is the minimum in flight visibility and distance from clouds required for an airplane operating less than 1200 feet AGL under special VFR during daylight hours in area 5? 1 MILE, CLEAR OF CLOUDS, CLEAR OF CLOUDS, CLEAR OF CLOUDS

-What is the minimum rate climb per NM to 9000 feet required for the WASH2 WAGGE departure?  400 FEET

-What is the operational consideration if you fly into rain which freezes on impact? TEMPERATURES ARE ABOVE FREEZING AT SOME HIGHER ALTITUDE

-What is the oxygen requirement for an unpreziorized aircraft at 15000 feet? CREW MUST USE OXIGEN FR THE ENTIRE FLIGHT ABOVE 14000 FEET AND PASSANGERS MUST BE PROVIDED WITH SUPLIMENTAL OXIGEN ONLY ABOVE 15000 FEET

-What is the pilot in commands responsibility when flying a propeller aircraft within 20 miles of the airport of intended landing…? REDUCE IAS to 160KNOTS and MAINTAIN THAT SPEED WITHIN 10 KNOTS

-What is the position of LABER relative to the reference facility?   198, 8 NM

-What is the primary bank instrument once a standard rate of turn is estabilished? TURN COORDINATOR

-What is the primary bank instrument while transitioning from straight and level flight to a standard rate of turn to the left? ATTITUDE INDICATOR

-What is the primary pitch instrument during a stabilized climbing left turn at cruise climb airspeed? AIRSPEED INDICATOR

-What is the primary pitch instrument when establishing a constant altitude standard rate turn? ALTIMETER

-What is the procedure for setting the altimeter when assigned and IFR altitude of 18000 feet or higher on a direct flight off airways? SET THE ALTIMETER  TO THE CURRENT REPORTED SETTING FOR CLIMB-OUT AND 29.92 HG UPON REACHING 18000 FEET.

-What is the procedure when the DME malfunctions at or above 24000 FEET msl? AFTER INMEDIATELY NOTIFYING ATC YOU MAY CONTINUE TO THE NEXT AIRPORT OF INTENTED LANDING WHERE REPAIRS CAN BE MADE

-What is the purpose of FDC NOTAMs? TO ADVISE OF CHANGES IN FLIGHT DATA WHICH AFFECT INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURES AERONAUTICAL CHARTS AND FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS PRIOR THE NORMAL OPERATIONS.

-What is the purpose of the 103000 MSA on the PRICE CARBON county airport approach chart? IT PROVIDES SAFE CLEARANCE ABVOE THE HIGHUEST OBSTACLE IN THE DEFINED SECTOR OUT to 25NM

-What is the recommended climb procedure when a non radar departure control instructs a pilot to climb to the assignated altitude? MAINTAIN AN OPTIMUM CLIMB ON THE CENTERLINE OF THE AIRWAY WITHOUT INTERMEDIATE LEVEL OFFS UNTIL 1000 FEET BELLOW ASIGNED ALTITUDE THEN 500 FEET to 1500 FEET PER MINUTE

-What is the recommended procedure for transitioning from VFR to IFR on a composite flight plan? PRIOR TO TRANSITIONING TO IFR CONTACT THE NEARESRT FSS CLOSE THE VFR PORTION AND REQUEST ATC CLEARANCE

-What is the relationship between centrifugal force and the horizontal lift component in a coordinated turn? HORIZONTAL LIFT AND CENTRIFUGAL FORCE ARE EQUAL

-What is the rule for a pilot receiving a LAND AND HOLD SHORT operation clearance? THE PILOT HAS THE OPTION TO ACCEPT OR REJECT ALL LAHSO CLEARANCES REGARDLESS OF THE METEREOLOGICAL CONDITIONS

-What is the significance of an ATC clearance which reads CRUISE SIX THOUSAND? IT AUTORIZES A PILOT TO CONDUCT FLIGHT AT ANY ALTITUDE FROM MINIMUM IFR ALTITUDE UP TO AND INCLUDING 6000

-What is the significance of an ATC clearance which reads CRUISE SIX THOUSAND? CLIMBS MAR BE MADE TO, OR DESCENTS MADE FROM 6000 FEET AT THE PILOT DISCRECTION

-What is the significance of the symbol at GRICE intersection? THE LOCALIZER HAS AN ADDITIONAL NAVIGATION FUNCTION

-What is the third fundamental skill in attitude instrument flying? AIRCRAFT CONTROL

-What is the wind sheart forecast in the following TAF: TAF KCVG 231021z…? 500 FEET AGL FROM 270 AT 50 KNOTS

-What is your position relative to GRICE intersection? RIGHT OF V552 AND APPROACHING GRICE INTERSECTION

-What is your position relative to the PLATS intersection, glide slope, and the localizer course? PAST PLATS, ABOVE THE GLIDE SLOPE, AND RIGHT OF THE LOCALIZAER COURSE

-What is your position with reference to FALSE intersection V222…? SOUTH OF V””” AND EAST OF FALSE INTERSECTION

-What is your relathionship to the airway while en route from BCE VORTAC…? LEFT ON COURSE ON V8

-What landing minimums apply for a 14 CFR PART 91 operator at DOTHAN…? MDA 860 FEET MSL AND VISIBILITY 1 AND 1/2 SM

-What lighting is indicated on the chart for Jackson Hole airport? PILOT CONTROLLED LIGHTING

-What limitation is imposed on a newly certificated commercial airplane pilot if that person does not hold an instrument pilot rating? THE CARRYING OF PASSENGERS FOR HIRE ON CROSS COUNTRY FLIGHTS IS LIMITED TO 50 NM AND THEC ARRYING OF PASSENGERS FOR HIRE AT NIGHT IS PROHIBITET.

-What minimum airbone equipment is required to be operative for RNAV RWY 36 approach at ADAMS field? ANY APPROVED RNAV RECIEVER

-What minimum aircraft equipment is required for operation within class C airspace? TWO WAY COMMUNICATIONS AND MODE c TRANSPONDER

-What minimum conditions are necessary for the instrument approached required for IFR currency? THE APPROACHES MUST BE MADE IN THE AIRCRAFT,APPROVED INSTRUMENT GROUND TRAINER or ANY COMBINATION OF THESE

-What minimum navigation equipment is required for IFR flight? NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT APPROPIATE TO THE GROUND FACILITIES TO BE USED

-What minimum navigation equipment is required to complete the VOR DME a procedure? ONE VOR RECEIVER AND DME

-What minimum weather conditions must be forecast to your ETA at an alternate airport, that has only a VOR approach with standard alternate minimums, for the airport to be listed as an alternate on the IFR flight plan? 800 FOOT CEILING and 2STATUTE MILES VISIBILITY

-What minimums must be considered in selecting an altitude when operating with a VFR ON TOP clearance? MINIMUM IFR ALTITUDE, MINMUM DISTANCE FFROM CLOUDS, AND VISIBILITY APPROPIATE TO ALTITUDE SELECTED

-What night operations, if any, are authorized between the approach end of the runway and the threshold lights? TAXI AND TAKEOFF OPERATIONS ARE PERMITTED PROVIDING THE TAKEOFF OPERATIONS ARE TOWARD THE VISIBLE GREEN THRESHOLD LIGHTS

-What obstacle clearance and navigation signal coverage is a pilot assured sith the minimum sector altitudes depicted on the IAP charts? 1000 FEET WITHIN A 25 NM RADIUS OF THE NAVIGATION FACILITY BUT NOT ACCEPTABLENAVIGATION SIGNAL COVERAGE

-What options are available concerning the teardrop course reversal for LOC RWY 35…? IF A COURSE REVERSAL IS REQUIRED, ONLY THE TEARDROP CAN BE EXECUTED

-What point at the destination should be used to compute estimated time en route on an IFR flight plan?  THE POINT OF FIRST INTENTED LANDING

-What portion of dual instruction time may a certificated instrument flight instructor log as instrument flight time? ALL TIME DURING WHICH THE INSTRUCTOR ACTS AS INSTRUMENT INSTRUCTOR IN ACTUAL INSTRUMENT WEATHER CONDITIONS.

-What pre-takeoff check should be made of a  vacuum-drive heading indicator in preparation for an IFR flight? AFTER 5 MINUTES, SET THE INDICATOR TO THE MAGNETIC HEADING OF THE AIRCRAFT AND CHECK FOR PROPER ALIGNMENT AFTER TAXI TURNS.

-What pre-takeoff check should be made of the attitude indicator in preparation for an IFR flight? THE HORIZON BAR SHOULD ERECT AND BECOME STABLE WITHIN 5 MINUTES.

-What procedure should be followed if communications are lost before reaching 9000 feet? CONTINUE CLIMB TO WAGGE INT…

-What recent instrument flight experience requirements must be meet before you may act as pilot in command of an airplane under IFR? A MINIMUM OF SIX INSTRUMENTS APPROACHES IN AN AIRPLANE, OR AN APPROVED SIMULATOR OR GROUND TRAINER, WITHIN THE PRECIDING 6 CALENDAR MONTHS.

-What record shall be made in the aircraft log or other permanent record by the pilot making the VOR operational check? THE DATE PLACE BEARING ERROR AND SIGNATURE

-What relationship exists between the winds at 2000 feet above the surface and the surface winds? THE WINDS AT 2000 TEND TO PARALLEL THE ISOBARS WHILE THE SURFACE WINDS CROSS THE ISOBARS AT AN ANGLE TOWARD LOWER PRESSURE AND ARE WEAKER

-What reports are required of a flight operating on an IFR clearance specifying VFR ON TOP in a nonradar environment?  THE SAME REPORTS THAT ARE REQUIRED FOR ANY IFR FLIGHT

-What response is expected when ATC issues an IFR clearance to pilots of airborne aircraft? READ BACK THOSE PARTS CONTAINING ALTITUDE ASSIGMENTS OR VECTOR AND ANY PART REQUIRING VERIFICATION

-What responsibility does the pilot in command of an IFR flight assume upon entering VFR conditions? TO SEE AND AVOID TRAFFIC

-What route should you take if cleared for the WASHOE TWO…? CLIMB ON THE LOC SOUTH COURSE TO WAGGE WHERE YOU WILL BE VECTORED TO V6

-What service is provided by departure control to an IFR flight when operating from an airport within the outer area of CLASS C airspace? SEPARATION FROM ALL IFR AIRCRAFT AND PARTICIPATING VFR AIRCRRAFT

-What should be the approximate elapsed time from BZN VOR to DBS VORTAC…? 39 MINUTES

-What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right FROM A South heading in the Northern Hemisphere?  THE COMPASS WILL INDICATE A TURN TO THE RIGHT, BUT AT A FASTER RATE THAN IS ACTUALLY OCURRING.

-What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right from a westerly heading in the northern hemisphere? THE COMPASS WILL INDICATE THE APROXIMATE CORRECT MAGNETIC HEADING IF THE ROLL INTO THE TURN IS SMOOTH.

-What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right from a northerly heading in the northern hemisphere? THE COMPASS WILL INITIALLY INDICATE A TURN TO THE LEFT

-What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the left from a west heading in the northern hemisphere? THE COMPASS WILL INDICATE THE APPROXIMATE CORRECT MAGNETIC HEADING IF THE ROLL INTO THE TURN IS SMOOTH

-What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the left from  a north heading in the northern hemisphere?  THE COMPASS WILL INITIALLY INDICATE A TURN TO THE RIGHT

-What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard-rate turn to the left from an east heading in the northern Hemisphere?  THE COMPASS WILL INDICATE THE APPROXIMATE CORRECT MAGNETIC HEADING IF THE ROLL INTO THE TURN IS SMOOTH

-What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right from an easterly heading in the northern hemisphere? THE COMPASS WILL INDICATE THE APPROXIMATE CORRECT MAGNETIC HEADING IF THE ROLL INTO THE TURN IS SMOOTH

-What should be the indication on the magnetic compass when you roll into a standard rate turn to the left from a south heading in the northern hemisphere? THE COMPASS WILL INDICATE A TURN TO THE LEFT, BUT AT A FASTER RATE THAN IS ACTUALLY OCURRING.

-What sign is designated in the illustration 7? MANDATORY INSTRUCTION SIGN

-What significant sky condition is reported in this METAR observation: METAR KBNA...? SKY IS OBSCURED WITH VERTICAL VISIBILITY OF 800 FEET

-What situation is most conducive to the formation of radiation fog? WARM MOIST AIR OVER LOW FLATLAND AREAS ON CLEAR CALM NIGHTS

-What standards minimums are required to list an airport as an alternate on an IFR flight plan if the airport has a VOR approach only? CEILING AND VISILIBILITY AT ETA 800 FEET AND 2 MILES RESPECTIVELY

-What temperature condition is indicated if wet snow is encountered at your flight altitude? THE TEMPERATURE IS ABOVE FREEZING AT YOUR ALTITUDE

-What timing procedure should be used when performing a holding pattern at a VOR? TIMING FOR THE OUTBOUND LEG BEGINS OVER OR ABEAN THE VOR, WHICHEVER OCCURS LATER

-What type airspace exists above BRYCE Canyon airport from the surface to 1200 feet AGL? CLASS G

-What type entry is recommended for the missed approach holding pattern depicted on the VOR RWY36…? DIRECT ONLY

-What type of clouds can be expected when an unstable air mass is forced to ascend a mountain slope? CLOUDS WITH EXTENSIVE VERTICAL DEVELOPMENT

-What type of clouds will be formed if very stable moist air is forced up slope? STRATIFIED CLOUDS WITH LITTLE VERTICAL DEVELOPMENT

-What type of entry is recommended for the missed approach holding pattern at RIVERSIDE municipal?   DIRECT

-What type of entry is recommended to the missed approach holding pattern if the inbound heading is 050? TEARDROP

-What type of thunderstorm activity is expected over Montana on april 4th at 0800z? NONE

-What types of fog depend upon a wind in order to exist? ADVECTION FOG AND UP SLOPE FOG

-What VHF frequencies are available for communications with CEDAR CITY FSS? 122.2, 121.5, 122.6, and 112.1

-What weather conditions are depicted in the area indicated by arrow A on the RADAR summary chart? STRONG TO VERY STRONG ECHOES, ECHO TOPS 30000 FEET MSL, THUNDERSTORMS AND RAIN SHOWERS

-What weather conditions are depicted in the area indicated by arrow B on the radar summary chart? WEAK TO MODERATE ECHOES, RAIN SHOWERS INCREASING IN INTENSITY

-What weather conditions are depicted in the area indicated by arrow C on the radar summary chart? ARE MOVEMENT TOWARD THE NORTHEAST, STRONG TO VERY STRONG ECHOES, AND ECHO TOPS 28000 FEET MSL

-What weather conditions are depicted in the area indicated by arrow D on the radar summary chart? INTENSE TO EXTREME ECHOES WITHIN THE SMALLEST CONTOUR, ECHO TOPS 29000 FEET MSL, AND CELL MOVEMENT TOWARD THE NORTHEAST AT 50 KNOTS

-What weather conditions are depicted in the area indicated by arrow E on the radar summary chart? HIGUEST ECHO TOOPS 30000 FEET MSL, WEAK TO MODERATE ECHOES, THUNDERSTORMS AND RAIN SHOWERS, AND CELL MOVEMENT TOWARDS NORTHWEST AT 15 KNOTS

-What weather conditions are depicted in the area indicated by arrow F on the radar summary chart? LINE OF ECHOES, THUNDERSTORMS, HIGUEST ECHO TOPS 45000 FEET, NO LINE MOVEMENT INDICATED

-What weather conditions are depicted in the area indicated by arrow G on the radar summary chart? ECHO BASES 10000 FEET MSL, CELL MOVEMENT TOWARD NORTHEAST at 15 KNOTS, WEAK TO MODERATE ECHOES, RAIN

-What weather conditions are predicted within the area indicated by arrow B? MODERATE TURBULENCE FROM BELLOW 24000 FEET MSL to 37000 FT MSL

-What weather conditions are predicted within the area indicated by arrow D? FORECAST ISOLATED EMBEDDED CUMULONIMBUS CLOUDS WITH TOPS at 43000 FT MSL AND LESS THAN 1/8 COVERAGE

-What weather conditions are predicted within the area indicated by arrow E? OCCASIONAL CUMULONIMBUS, 1/8 tp 4/8 COVERAGE BASES BELOW 24000 FT MSL AND TOPS  AT 40000 FT MSL

-What weather conditions are predicted within the area indicated by arrow F? OCCASIONAL EMBEDDED CUMULONIMBUS, BASES BELOW 24000 FEET WITH TOPS to 48000 FT

-What weather conditions are predicted within the area indicated by arrow C? MODERATE TURBULENCE AT 35000 FT MSL

-What wind direction and speed is represented by the entry 9900+00 for…? LIGHT AND VARIABLE, LESS THAN 5 KNOTS

-What would be the indication on the VSI during entry into a 500 fpm actual descent from level flight if the static ports were iced over? THE VSI POINTER WOULD REMAIN AT ZERO REGARDLESS OF THE ACTUAL RATE OF DESCENT

-When a climb or descent through an inversion or wind shear zone is being performed, the pilot should be alert for which of the following change in the airplane performance? A SUDEEN CHANGE IN AIRSPEED.

-When a pilot elects to proceed to the selected alternate airport, which minimums apply for landing at the alternate? THE LANDING MINIMUMS FOR THE APPROACH TO BE USED

-When a VOR DME is collocated under frequency pairings and the vor portion is inoperative, the DME identifier will repeat at an interval of:  30 SECONDS INTERVALS AT 1350 HZ

-When airspeed is decreased in a turn, what must be done to maintain level flight? DECREASE THE ANGLE OF BANK and/or INCREASE THE PITCH ATTITUDE

-When airspeed is decreased in a turn, what must be done to maintain level flight? DECREASE THE ANGLE OF BANK and/or INCREASE THE ANGLE OF ATTACK

-When airspeed is increased in a turn, what must be done to maintain a constant altitude? INCREASE THE ANGLE OF BANK and/or DECREASE THE ANGLE OF ATTACK

-When an aircraft is accelerated, some attitude indicators will precess and incorrectly indicate a: CLIMB

-When an aircraft is decelerated, some altitude indicators will precess and incorrectly indicate a:DESCENT

-When an aircraft is not equipped with a transponder, what requirement must be met before atc will authorize a flight within class b airspace? A REQUEST FOR THE PROPOSED FLIGHT MUST BE MADE TO ATC AT LEAST 1 HOUR BEOFRE THE FLIGHT

-When an alternate airport is required, what are the weather minimums that must be forecast at the ETA for an alternate airport that has a precision approach procedure? 600 FOOT CEILING and 2 STATUTE MILES VISIBILITY

-When an altimeter is changed from 30.11 hg to 29.96 hg, in which direction will the indicated altitude change and by what value? ALTIMETER WILL INDICATE 150 FEET LOWER

-When are ATIS broadcast updated? UPON RECEIPT OF ANY OFICIAL WEATHER, REGARDLESS OF CONTENT CHANGE OR REPORTED VALUES

-When are severe weather watch bulleting issued? UNSCHEDULED AND ISSUED AS REQUIRED

-When are the you required to have an instrument rating for flight in VMC? FLIGHT INTO CLASS A AIRSPACE

-When are VFR on TOP prohibited? IN CLASS A AIRSPACE

-When are you required to establish communications with the tower class d airspace if you cancel your IFR flight plan 10 miles from th destination?  BEFORE ENTERING CLASS D AIRSPACE

-When ATC has not imposed any climb or descent restrictions and aircraft are within 1000 FEET of assigned altitude, pilots should attempt to booth climb and descend at a rate of between: 500 FEET PER MINTE AND 1500 FEET PER MINUTE

-When being radar vectored for an ILS approach, at what point may you start a descent from your last assigned altitude to a lower minimum altitude is cleared for the approach: WHEN ESTABLISHED ON A SEGMENT OF A PUBLISHED ROUTE OR IAP

-When can a VFR ON TOP clearance be assigned by ATC? ONLY UPON REQUEST OF THE PILOT WHEN CONDITIONS ARE INDICATED TO BE SUITABLE

-When checking a DUAL VOR system by use of a VOT, which illustration indicates the VORs are satisfactory?   1

-When checking the sensitivity of a VOR receiver, the number of degrees in course change as the OBS is rotated to move the CDI form center to the least dot on either side should be between:   10 and 12

-When cleared to execute a published sidestep maneuver for a specific approach and landing on the parallel runway…? AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AFTER THE RUNWAY OR RUNWAY ENVIREONMENT IS IN SIGHT

-When departing from an airport located outside controlled airspace during IMC you must file and IFR flight plan and receive a clearance before: ENTERING CLASS E AIRSPACE

-When departing from an airport not served by a control tower, the issuance of a clearance containing a void time indicates that: THE PILOT MUST ADVICE ATC AS SOON AS POSSIBLE, BUT NO LATER THAN 30 MINUTES OF THEIR INTENTIONS IF NOT OFF BY THE VOID TIME

-When filing a composite flight plan where the first portion of the flight is IFR which fix should be indicated on the flight plan form? ALL POINTS OF TANSITION FROM ONE AIRWAY TO ANOTHER, FIXES DEFINING DIRECT ROUTE SEGMENTS AND THE CLEARANCE LIMIT FIX

-When flying from Milford municipal to Bryce Canyon via V235…? 12000 FEET

-When holding at an NDB, at what point should the timing begin for the second leg outbound? WHEN ABEAM THE HOLDING FIX

-When installed with the ILS and specified in the approach procedures, DME may be used: IN LIEU OF THE OM

-When is a pilot on an IFR flight plan responsible for avoinding other traffic? WHEN WEATHER CONDITIONS PERMIT, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER OPERATING IFR OR VFR.

-When is an airplane most likely to be struck by lighting? OAT BETWEEN -5 and +5C

-When is an IFR clearance required during VFR weather conditions? WHEN OPERATING IS CLASS A AIRSPACE

-When is an IFR plan required? IN CLASS E AIRSPACE WHEN CONDITIONS ARE BELOW IFR, IN CLASS A AIRSPACE, AND IN DEFENCE ZONE AIRSPACE

-When is radar service terminated during a visual approach? AUTOMATICALLY WHEN ATC INSTRUCTS THE PILOT TO CONTACT THE TOWER

-When is the temperature at one of the forecast altitudes omitted…? FOR THE 3000 FOOT ALTITUDE OR WHEN THE LEVEL IS WITHIN 2500 FEET OF STATION ELEVATION

-When is the wind group at one of the forecast altitudes omitted at a specific location or station…? AT THE ALTITUDE IS WITHIN 1500 FEET OF THE STATION ELEVATION

-When landing behind a large jet aircraft, at which point on the runway should you plan to land? BEYOND THE JETS TOUCHDOWN POINT

-When making a timed approach from a holding fix at the outer marker, the pilot should adjust the: HOLDING PATTERN TO LEAVE THE FINAL APPROACH FIX INBOUND AT THE ASSIGNED TIME

-When making an airbone VOR check, what is the maximum allowable tolerance between the two indicators of a dual VOR system (units independent of each other except the antenna)? 4 BETWEEN THE TWO INDICATED RADIALS OF A VOR

-When making an airbone VOR check, what is the maximum allowable tolerance between the two indicators of a dual VOR system?  4 BETWEEN THE TWO INDICATED BEARINGS OF A VOR

-When making an instrument approach at the selected alternate airport, what landing minimums apply? THE LANDING MINIMUMS PUBLISHED FOR THE TYPE OF PROCEDURE SELECTED

-When may a pilot cancel the IFR flight plan prior completing the flight? ONLY IN VFR CONDITIONS WHEN NOT IN CLASS A AIRSPACE

-When may a pilot file a composite flight plan? ANY TIME A PORTION OF THE FLIGHT WILL BE VFR

-When may a pilot make a straight in approach in landing, if using IAP having only circling minimums? A TRAIGHT IN LANDING MAY BE MADE IF THE PILOT HAS THE RUNWAY IN SIGHT IN SUFFICIENT TIME TO MAKE A NORMAL APPROACH LANDING AND HAS BEEN CLEARED TO LAND

-When may ATC request a detailed report of an emergency even though a rule has not been violated? WHEN PRIORITY HAS BEEN GIVEN

-When may you obtain a contact approach? ATC WILL ASIGN A CONTACT APPROACH ONLY UPON REQUEST IF THE REPORTED VISIBILITY IS AT LEAST 1 MILE

When more than one circuit of the holding pattern is needed to lose altitude or become better established on course, the additional circuits can be made: ONLY IF PILOT ADVICES ATC AND ATC APROVES

-When must a pilot fly at a cardinal altitude plus 500 FEET on an IFR flight plan? WHEN ASSIGNED VFR ON TOP CLEARANCE

-When must an operational check on the aircraft VOR equipment be accomplished when used to operate under IFR? WITHIN THE PRECEDING 30 DAYS

-When on a VFR ON TOP clearance, the cruising altitude is based on: MAGNETIC COURSE

-When on the proper glidepath of a 2 bar VASI, the pilot will see the near bar as: WHITE AND THE FAR BAR AS RED

-When operating under IFR with a VFR ON TOP clearance, what altitude ahould be maintained? A VFR CRUISING ALTITUDE APPROPIATE TO THE MAGNETIC COURSE BEING FLOWN AND AS RESTRICTED BY ATC

-When passing through an abrupt wind shear which involves a shift…? LOWER THAN NORMAL POWER INITIALLY, FOLLOWED BY A FURTHER DECREASE AS THE WIND SHEAR IS ECOUNTERED, THEN AN INCREASE

-When penetrating a microburst, which aircraft…?   1

-When should pilots state their position on the airport when calling the tower for takeoff?  WHEN DEPARTING FROM A RUNWAY INTERSECTION

-When should your transponder be on mode C while on IFR flight? AT ALL TIMES IF THE EQUIPMENT HAS BEEN CALIBRATED, UNLESS REQUESTED BY ATC

-When simultaneous approaches are in progress, how does each piulot receive radar advisories? ON TOWER FREQUENCY

-When the approach procedure involves a procedure turn, the maximum speed should not be greater than: 200 KNOT IAS

-When the CDI needle is centered during an airbone VOR check, the omni bearing selector and the TO FROM indicator should read: WITHING 6 OF THE SELECTED RADIAL

-When the system is in the free gyro mode, depressing the clockwise manual heading drive bottom will rotate the remote indicating compass card to the: RIGHT TO ELIMINATE LEFT COMPASS CARD ERROR.

-When the visibility is greater than 6 SM on a TAF it is expressed as: P6SM

-When tracking in bound on the localizer, which of the followings is the porper procedure regarding drift corrections? DISFT CORRECTIONS SHOULD BE ACCURETLY ESTABLISHED BEFORE REACHING THE OUTER MARKER…GREATER THAN 2

-When turning onto a taxiway from another taxiway, the taxiway directional sign indicates: DESIGNATION AND DIRECTION OF TAXIWAY LEADING OUT OF AN INTERSECTION

-When using GPS for navigation and instrument approaches, any required alternate airport must have: AN APPROVED OPERATIONAL INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURE OTHER THAN GPS

-When using VOR for navigation, which of the following should be considered as station passage? THE FIRST POSITIVE, COMPLETE REVERSAL OF THE TO FROM INDICATOR

-When using VOT to make a VOR receiver check, the CDI should be centered and the obs should indicate that the aircraft is on the: 360 RADIAL

-Where a holding pattern is specified in lieu of a procedure turn, the holding maneuver must be executed within: THE 1 MINUTE TIME LIMITATION or DME DISTANCE AS SPECIFIED IN THE PROFILE VIEW.

-Where can the VOT frequency for a particular airport be found? IN THE AIRPORT FACILITY DIRECTORY AND ON THE AG COICE COMMUNICATION PANEL OF THE EN ROUTE LOW ALTITUDE CHART

-Where can wind shear associated with a thunderstorm be found…? ON ALL SIDES OF THE THUNDERSTORM CELL AND DIRECTLY UNDER THE CELL

-Where do squall lines most often develop? AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT

-Where does the DME indicator have the greatest error between ground distance to the vortac and displayed distance? HIGH ALTITUDES CLOSE TO THE VORTAC

-Where does wind shear occur? WITH EITHER A WIND SHIFT OR A WID SPEED GRADIENT AT ANY LEVEL IN THE ATMOSPHERE

-Where is DME required under IFR flight? ABOVE 18000 FEET MSL

-Where is the VOR changeover point on V20 between BEAMONT and hobby? HALFWAY POINT

-Where is the VOR COP when flying east on V306…? 30 NM EAST OF DAS

-Where may you use a surveillance approach? AT AIRPORTS FOR WHICH CIVIL RADAR INSTRUMENT APPROACH MINIMUMS HAVE BEEN PUBLISHED.

-Where should the bearing pointer be located relative to the wing tip reference to maintain the 16 DMI range in a left hand arc with a left crosswind component? AHEAD OF THE LEFT WING TIP REFERENCE FOR THE VOR 2

-Where should the bearing pointer be located relative to the wing tip reference to maintain the 16 DMI range in a right hand arc with a right crosswind component? AHEAD OF THE RIGHT WING TIP REFERENCE FOR VOR 2

-Where should you change VOR frequencies when enroute from DBS VORTAC to JAC VOR DME on V520? 60 NM FROM DBS VORTAC

-Which aeronautical chart depicts Military training routes above 1500 feet? IFR LOW ALTITUDE EN ROUTE CHART

-Which altimeter depicts at 12000 feet? 4

-Which altimeter depicts at 8000 feet? 2

-Which altitude is indicated when the altimeter is set to 29.92 hg? PRESSURE

-Which altitude is the normal upper limits for class D airspace? 2500 FEET AGL

-Which altitude is the upper limit for class A airspace? 60.000 FEET MSL

-Which approach and landing objective is assured when the pilot remains on the proper glidepath of the VASI? SAFE OBSTRUCTION CLEARANCE IN THE APPROACH AREA

-Which are the characteristics of an unstable cold air mass moving over a warm surface? CUMULIFORM CLOUDS, TURBULENCE, AND GOOD VISIBILITY

-Which ATC clearance should instrument rated pilots request in order to climb throught a cloud layer or an area of reduced visibility and the continue the flight VFR? TO VFR ON TOP

-Which checks and inspections of flight instruments or instruments systems must be accomplished before an aircraft can be flown under IFR? VOR WITHIN 30 DAYS ALTIMETER SYSTEMS WITHIN 24 CALENDAR MONTHS AND TRANSPONDER WITHIN 24 MONTHS

-Which clearance items are always given in an abbreviated IFR departure clearance? DESTINATION AIRPORT,ALTITUDE,DP NAME,NUMBER,AND OR TRANSITION, if APPROPIATE

-Which clearance procedures may be issued by ATC without prior pilot request? DP´s STAR´s AND VISUAL APPROACHES

-Which clouds have the greatest turbulence? CUMULONIMBUS

-Which combination of indications confirm that you are approaching WAGGE…? 2 AND 3

-Which condition during taxi is an indication that an attitude indicator is unreliable?  THE HORIZON BAR TILTS MORE THAN 5 WHILE MARKING TAXI TURNS

-Which condition is guaranteed for all of the following altitude limits: MAA, MCA, MRA, MOCA, and MEA? 1000 FOOT OBSTACLE CLEARANCE

-Which condition would cause the altimeter to indicate a lower altitude than actually flown(true altitude)? AIR TEMPERATURE WARMER THAN STANDARD

-Which conditions are favorable for the formation of radiation fog? CLEAR SKY LITTLE OR NO WIND SMALL TEMPERATURE DEW POINT SPREAD AND OVER A LAND SURFACE

-Which conditions result in the formation of frost? TEMPERATURE OF THE COLLECTING SURFACE IS BELOW THE DEWPOINT OF SURROUNDING AIR AND THE DEWPOINT IS COLDER THAN FREEZING

-Which data must be recorded in the aircraft log or other appropriate log by a pilot making a VOR operational check for IFR conditions? PLACE OF OPERATIONAL CHECK AMOUNT OF BEARING ERROR DATE OF CHECK AND SIGNATURE

-Which displacement from the localizer and glide slope at the 1.9 NM point is indicated? 710 FEET TO THE RIGHT OF THE LOCALIZER CENTERLINE AND 140 FEET ABOVE THE GLIDE SLOPE

-Which displacement from the localizer and glide slope at the outer marker is located? 1550 FEET TO THE LEFT OF THE LOCALIZER CENTERLINE AND 210 FEET BELOW THE GLIDESLOPE

-Which displacement from the localizer and glide slope indicates you are low and to the left of the ILS course? FIGURE 142

-Which displacement from the localizer centerline and glide slope indicates you are high and to the right of the ILS course? FIGURE 140

-Which displacement from the localizer centerline and glide slope at the 1300 foot point from the runway is indicated? 21 FEET ABOVE THE GLIDESLOPE AND APROXIMATELY 320 FEET TO THE LEFT OF THE RUNWAY CENTERLINE

-Which distance is displayed bu the DME indicator? SLANT RANGE DISTANCE IN NM

-Which DME indication should you receive when you are directly over a VORTAC site at approximately 6000 feet AGL?   1

-Which equipment determines the code to be entered in block 3 as a suffix to aircraft type on the flight plan form? DME TRANSPONDER AND RNAV

-Which family of clouds is least likely to contribute to structural icing on an aircraft?  HIGH CLOUDS

-Which feature is associated with the tropopause? ABRUPT CHANGE IN TEMPERATURE LAPSE RATE

-Which fixes on the IAP charts are initial approach fixes?  ANY FIX IS IDENTIFIED BY THE LETTERS IAF

-Which flight time may be logged as instrument time when on an instrument flight plan? ONLY THE TIME YOU CONTROLLED THE AIRCRAFT SOLELY BY REFERENCE TO FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS

-Which force, in the Northern Hemisphere, acts at a right angle to the wind and deflects it to the right until parallel to the isobars? CORIOLIS

-Which forecast provides specific information concerning expected sky cover…? 249 TWEB 252317

-Which illustration depicts a slightly low 2.8 indication?  11

-Which illustration depicts an on glidepath indication?   10

-Which illustration indicates a coordinated turn? 3

-Which illustration indicates a slipping turn? 2

-Which illustration would a pilot observe if the aircraft is above both glidepaths?  7

-Which illustration would a pilot observe if the aircraft is bellow both glidepaths? 4

-Which illustration would a pilot observe if the aircraft is less than 2.5?  12

-Which illustration would a pilot observe if the aircraft is on glidepath higher than 3.5?   8

-Which illustration would a pilot observe if the aircraft is slightly high 3.2 on the glidepath?   9

-Which illustration would a pilot observe when on the lower glidepath?   5

-Which indications are acceptable tolerances when checking both VOR receivers by use of the VOT? 176 TO AND 003 FROM, RESPECTIVELY

-Which indications on the VOR receivers and DME at the Easterwood field VOR…? 097 FROM 101 FROM 3.3

-Which indications will a pilot receive where an IM is installed on a front course ILS approach? SIX DOTS PER SECOND AND A FLASHING WHITE LIGHT

-Which information is always given in an abbreviated departure clearance? NAME OF DESTINATION AIRPORT OR SPECIFIC FIX AND ALTITUDE

-Which information, in addition to headings, does the radar controller provide without request during an ASR APPROACH? WHEN THE COMMENCE DESCENT TO MDA, THE AIRCRAFTS POSITION EACH MILE ON FINAL FROM THE RUNWAY AND ARRIVAL AT THE MAP

-Which instrument indicates the quality of a turn? BALL OF THE TURN COORDINATOR

-Which instrument is considered primary for power as the airspeed reaches the desired value during change of airspeed in a level turn? AIRSPEED INDICATOR

-Which instrument provides the most pertinent information (primary) for bank control in straight and level flight? HEADING INDICATOR

-Which instrument provides the most pertinent information (primary) for pitch control in straight and level flight: ALTIMETER

-Which instruments are considered primary and supporting for bank, respectively, when establishing a level standard rate turn? ATTITUDE INDICATOR AND TURN COORDINATOR.

-Which instruments are considered to be supporting instruments for pitch during change of airspeed in level turn? ATTITUDE COORDINATOR AND VSI

-Which instruments in addition to the attitude indicator, are pitch instruments? ALTIMETER, AIRSPEED INDICATOR, AND VERTICAL SPEED IDICATOR

-Which instruments should be used to make a pitch correction when you have deviated from your assigned altitude? ATTITUDE INDICATOR, ALTIMETER, and VSI

-Which is a characteristic of low level wind shear as it relates to frontal activity?  WITH A WARM FRONT THE MOST CRITICAL PERIOD IS BEFORE THE FRONT PASSES THE AIRPORT

-Which is a characteristic of stable air? STRATIFORM CLOUDS

-Which is a feature of the tricolor VASI? ONE LIGHT PROJECTOR WITH THREE COLOR: RED GREEN AND AMBER

-Which is an acceptable range of accuracy when performing an operational check of dual VORs using one system against another?   4

-Which is the correct sequence for recovery from a spiraling, nose-low, increasing airspeed, unusual flight attitude? REDUCE POWER, CORRECT THE BANK ATTITUDE,  AND RAISE THE NOSE TO A LEVEL ATTITUDE.

-Which is the correct sequence for recovery from the unusual attitude indicated? ADD POWER, LOWER NOSE,  LEVEL WINGS, RETURN TO ORIGINAL ATTITUDE AND HEADING.

-Which is the maximum tolerance for the VOR indication when the CDI is centered and the aircraft is directly over the airbone checkpoint? PLUS OR MINUS 6 OF THE DESIGNED RADIAL

-Which is true regarding STARS? STARS ARE STABLISHED TO SIMPLIFY CLEARANCE DELIVERY PROCEDURES

-Which is true regarding the use of airborne weather avoidance radar for the recognition of certain weather conditions? THE RADARSCOPE PROVIDES NO ASSURANCE OF AVOIDING INSTRUMENT WEATHER CONDITIONS

-Which is true regarding the use of an instrument departure procedure chart? THE USE AN INSTRUMENT DEPARTURE PROCEDURE, THE PILOT MUST POSSEESS AT LEAST THE TEXTUAL DESCRIPTION OF THE APPROVED PROCEDURE

-Which items should be checked in block 1 for a composite flight plan? VFR AND IFR

-Which limitation is imposed on the holder of a commercial pilot certificate if that person does not hold an instrument rating? THE CARRYING OF PASSENGERS FOR HIRE ON CROSS COUNTRY FLIGHTS IS LIMITED TO 50 NM AND THEC ARRYING OF PASSENGERS FOR HIRE AT NIGHT IS PROHIBITET.

-Which meteorological condition is issued in the form of SIGMET? WIDESPREAD SAND OR DUST STORMS LOWERING VISIBILITY TO LESS THAN 3 MILES

-Which meteorological conditions are depicted by a prognostic chart? CONDITIONS FORECAST TO EXIST AT A SPECIFIC TIME SHOWN ON THE CHART

-Which OBS selection on the No 2 NAV would center the CDI and change the ambiquity indication to a TO?   354

-Which OBS selection on the No 2 NAV would center the CDI?   174

-Which OBS selection on the No1 NAV would center the CDI and change the ambiguity indication to a TO?   165

-Which of the following combinations of weather producing variables would likely result in cumuliform type clouds, good visibility, rain showers, and possible clear type icing in clouds? UNSTABLE MOIST AIR AND OROGRAPHIC LIFTING

-Which of the following conditions is required before timed approaches from a holding fix may be conducted? IF MORE THAN ONE MISSED APROACH PROCEDURE IS AVAILABLE, NONE MAY REQUIRE A COURSE REVERSAL

-Which of the following defines the type of altitude used when maintaining FL 210? PRESSURE

-Which of the following indications would a pilot see while approaching to land on a runway served by a 2 bar VASI? IF DEPARTING TO THE HIGH SIDE OF THE GLIDEPATH THE FAR BARS WILL BE CHANGE FROM RED TO WHITE

-Which of the following s required equipment for operating an aircraft within class B airspace? A 4096 CODE TRANSPONDER WITH AUTOMATIC PRESSURE ALTITUDE REPORTING EQUIPMENT

-Which of the following should be considered as station passage when using a VOR? THE FIRST COMPLETE REVERSAL OF THE TO FROM INDICATOR

-Which of the following statements is true regarding Parallel ILS approaches? PARALLEL ILS APPROACHES PROVIDE AIRCRAFT A MINIMUM OF 1 ½ MILES RADAR SEPARATION BETWEEN SUCCESIVE AIRCRAFT ON THE ADJACENT LOCALIZER COURSE

-Which of these facilities may be substituted for an  MM during a complete ILS IAP? COMPASS LOCATOR AND PRECISION RADAR

-Which pilot action is appropriate if more than one component of the ILS is unusable? USE THE HIGHUES MINIMUM REQUIRED BY ANY SINGLE COMPONENT THAT IS UNUSABLE

-Which point would be the appropiarate VOR COP on V552 from the LFT to the TBD VORTACs? 34 DME FROM THE LFT VORTAC

-Which practical test should be made on the electric gyro instruments prior to starting an engine? TURN ON THE ELECTRICAL POWER AND LISTEN FOR ANY UNUSUAL OR IRREGULAR MECHANICAL NOISE.

-Which precipitation type normally indicates freezing rain at higher altitudes= ICE PELLETS

-Which primary source should be used to obtain forecast weather information at your destination for the planned ETA? TERMINAL AERODROME FORECAST

-Which procedure applies to instrument departure procedures? IF AN INSTRUMENT DEPARTURE IS ACCEPTED, THE PILOT MUST POSSESS AT LEAST A TEXTUAL DESCRIPTION

-Which procedure ir recommended if a pilot should unintentionally penetrate embedded thunderstorm activity? SET POWER FOR RECOMMENDED TURBULENCE PENETRATION AIRSPEED AND ATTEMPT TO MAINTAIN A LEVEL FLIGHT ATTITUDE

-Which procedure is defined as a transition area when designated in conjunction with an airport which has a prescribed IAP? THE CLASS E AIRSPACE EXTENDING UPWARD FROM 700 FEET OR MORE ABOVE THE SURFACE AND TERMINATING AT THE BASE OF THE OVERLYING CONTROLLED AIRSPACE

-Which procedure is recommended while climbing to an assigned altitude on the airway? CLIMB ON THE CENTERLINE OF THE AIRWAY EXCEPT WHEN MANEUVERING TO AVOID OTHER AIR TRAFFIC IN VFR CONDITIONS

-Which procedure should be followed by a pilot who is circling lo land in category B…? USE THE APPROACH MINIMUMS APPROIATE FOR CATEGORY C

-Which procedure should you follow if you experience a two way communication failure while holding at a holding fix with an EFC TIME…? DEPART THE HOLDING FIX AT THE EFC TIME

-Which procedure should you follow if, during an IFR flight in VFR conditions, you have a two way comms failure? CONTINUE THE FLIGHT UNDER VFR AND LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICAL

-Which publication covers the procedures required for aircraft accident and incident reporting responsibilities for pilots?   NTSB PART 830

-Which range facility associated with the ILS can be identified by a two letter morse coded signal? COMPASS LOCATOR

-Which range facility associated with the ILS is identified by the last two letters of the localizer identification group? MIDDLE COMPASS LOCATOR

-Which report should be made to ATC without a specific request when not in radar contact? WHEN LEAVING FINAL APPROACH FIX IN BOUND ON FINAL APPROACH

-Which response most closely interprets the following PIPEP: UA/OV OKC…? 64 NAUTICAL MILES ON THE 63 DEGREE RADIAL FROM OKLAHOMA CITY VOR AT 1522 UTC, FLIGHT LEVEL 8000 FEET. TYPE OF AIRCRAFT IS A CESSNA 172

-Which RMI illustration indicates the aircraft is located on the 055 radial of the station and heading away from station?   2

-Which RMI illustration indicates the aircraft is southwest of the station and moving closer TO the station?   1

-Which RMI illustration indicates the aircraft to be flying outbound on the magnetic bearing of 235 FROM the station? (wind 050 at 20 knots):   3

-Which rules apply to the pilot in command when operating on a VFR ON TOP clearance? VFR AND IFR

-Which runway marking indicates a displaced threshold on an instrument runway? ARROWS LEADING TO THE THRESHOLD MARK

-Which service is provided for IFR arrivals by a FSS located on an airport without a control tower? AIRPORT ADVISORIES

-Which sources of aeronautical information, when used collectively, provide the latest status of airport conditions…? AIRPORT FACILITY DIRECTORY, DISTANT NOTAMS AND LOCAL NOTAMS

-Which substitution is appropriate during an ILS approach? LOC MINIMUMS SHOULD BE SUBSTITUTED FOR ILS MINIMUMS WHENEVER THE GLIDESLOPE BECOMES INOPERATIVE

-Which substitution is permited when an ILS component is inoperative? A COMPASS LOCATOR OR PRECISION RADAR MAY BE SUBSTITUTED FOR THE ILS OUTER MARKER

-Which thunderstorm generally produce the most severe conditions, such as heavy hail and destructive winds? SQUALL LINE

-Which type of runway lighting consists of a pair of synchronizes flashing lights, one on each side of the runaway threshold? REIL

-Which types of airspace are depicted on the enroute low altitude chart? LIMITS OF CONTROLLED AIRSPACE, MILITARY TRAINING ORUTES AND SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE

-Which values are used for winds aloft forecasts? TRUE DIRECTION AND KNOTS

-Which VHF frequencies, other than 121.5…? 122.2, 122.3

-Which weather condition can be expected when moist air flows from a relatively warm surface to a colder surface? FOG

-Which weather conditions should be expected beneath a low level temperature inversion layer when the relative humidity is high? SMOOTH AIR AND POOR VISIBILITY DUE TO FOG, HAZE, OR LOW CLOUDS.

-Which weather forecast describes prospects for an area coverage of both severe and general thunderstorms during the following 24 hours? CONVECTIVE OUTLOOK

-Which weather phenomenom is always associated with a thunderstorm? LIGHTING

-Which weather phenomenom signals the beginning of the mature stage of a thunderstorm? THE START OF RAIN AT THE SURFACE

-Which weather phenomenon is always associated with the passage of a frontal system? A WIND CHANGE

-While airbone, what is the maximum permissible variation between the two indicated bearings when checking one VOR system against another? 4 BETWEEN THE TWO INDICATED BEARING TO A VOR

-While being radar vectored, an approach clearance is received. The last assigned altitude should be maintained until: ESTABLISHED N A SEGMENT OF A PUBLISHED ROUTE OR IAP

-While being vectored, if crossing the ILS final approach course becomes imminent and an approach clearance has not been issued, what action should be taken by the pilot? MAINTAIN THE LAST ASSIGNED HEADING AND QUERY ATC

-While cruising at 160 knots, you wish to establish a climb at 130 knots. When entering the climb (full panel) it is proper to make the initial pitch change by increasing back elevator pressure until the: ATTITUDE INDICATOR SHOWS THE APROXIMATELY PITCH ATTITUDE APPROPRIATE FOR THE 130 KNOT CLIMB.

-While cruising at 190 knots, you wish to establish a climb at 160 knots. When entering the climb (full panel) it is proper to make the initial pitch change by increasing back elevator pressure until the: ATTITUDE INDICATOR SHOWS THE APROXIMATELY PITCH ATTITUDE APPROPRIATE FOR THE 160 KNOT CLIMB.

-While flying a 3 glide slope, a constant tailwind shears to a calm wind. Which conditions should the pilot expect? AIRSPEED AND PITCH ALTITUDE INCREASE AND THERE IS A TENDENCY TO GO ABOVE GLIDE SLOPE

-While flying a 3 glide slope, a headwind shears to a tailwind. Which conditions should the pilot expect on the glide slope? AIRSPEED AND PITCH ALTITUDE DECREASE AND THERE IS A TENDENCY TO GO BELLOW GLIDE SLOPE

-While flying on an IFR flight plan, you experience two way comms failure in VFR conditions…? VFR AND LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE

-While holding at the 10 DME fix of LCH…? SQUAWK 7600 PLAN TO BEGIN APPROACH AT 1015

-While on an IFR flight, a pilot has an emergency which causes a deviation from an ATC clearance. What action  must be taken? NOTIFY ATC OF THE DEVIATION AS SOON AS POSSIBLE

-While recovering form an unusual flight attitude without the aid of the attitude indicator, approximated level pitch attitude is reached when the: AIRSPEED AND ALTIMETER STOP THEIR MOVEMENT AND THE VSI REVERSES ITS TREND

-While you are flying at FL 250, you hear ATC give an altimeter setting of 28.92 hg in your area. At what pressure altitude are you flying? 25000 FEET

-Who is responsible for determining that the altimeter system has been checked and found to meet 14 CFR PART 91 requirements for a particular instrument flight? PILOT IN COMMAND

-Why are two VOR LOC receivers recommended to obtain an MDA of 1160…? TO UTILIZE THE PUBLISHED STEPDOWN FIX

-Why is frost considered hazardous to flight operation? FROST CAUSES EARLY AIRFLOW SEPARATION RESULTING IS A LOSS OF LIFT

-Why is the localizer back course at Jefferson county airport depicted? THE BACK COURSE HAS AN ADDITIONAL NAVIGATION FUNCTION

-Winds at 5000 feet AGL on a particular flight are southwesterly…? FRICTION BETWEEN THE WIND AND THE SURFACE

-With additional IFR experience is required for you to meet the recent flight experience requirements to act as pilot in command of an airplane under IFR…? FOUR INSTRUMENT APPROACHES IN AN AIRPLANE, OR AN APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR OR TRAINING DEVICE

-WND in the categorical outlook in the aviation area forecast means that the wind during that period is forecast to be: SUSTAINED SURFACE WIND SPEED OF 20 KNOTS OR GREATER

-You are being vectored to the ILS approach course, but have not been cleared…? CONTINUE ON THE ASSIGNED EHADING AND QUERY ATC

-You are in IMC and have two way radio communications failure. If you do not exercise emergency authority, what procedure are you expected to follow? SET TRANSPONDER TO 7600 CONTINUE THE FLIGHT ON ASSIGNED ROUTE AND FLY AT THE LAST ASSIGNED ALTITUDE or the MEA WHICHEVER IS HIGHER

-You arrive at the 15 DME fix on a heading of 350…?  1, DIRECT ENTRY

-You arrive at your destination airport on an IFR flight plan. Which is a prerequisite condition for the performance of a contact approach? CLEAR OF CLOUDS AND AT LEAST 1 SM FLIGHT VISIBILITY

-You arrive over the 15 DME fix on a heading of 350. Which holding…? 2, DIRECT ONLY

-You check the flight instruments while taxiing and find the vertical speed indicator indicates a descent of 100 feet per minute. In this case, you: MAY TAKE OFF AND USE 100 FEET DESCENT AS THE ZERO INDICATION.

-You enter a holding pattern at a fix that is not…? DEPART THE HOLDNG FIX AT THE EFC TIME AND COMPLETE THE APPROACH

-You have filled an IFR flight plan with a VFR ON TOP clearance in lieu of an assigned altitude..? AN EVEN THOUSAND FOOT MSL ALTITUDE PLUS 500 FEET

-You intent to carry passengers for hire on a night VFR FLIGHT in a single engine airplane within a 25 mile radius of the departure airport. You are required to posses at least which ratings? A COMMERCIAL PILOT CERTIFICATE WITH A SINGLE ENGINE AND INSTRUMENT RATING

-You receive the ATC clearance: CLEARED TO THE ABC NDB. HOLD SOUTHEAST…? PARALLEL ONLY

-You receive the ATC clearance: CLEARED TO THE XYZ NDB. HOLD NORTHEAST…? TEARDROP ONLY

-You receive this ATC clearance: CLEARED TO THE ABC NDB. HOLD SOUTHWEST…?DIRECT ONLY

-You receive this ATC clearance: CLEARED TO THE ABC VORTAC, HOLD SOUTH ON…?  DIRECT ONLY

-You receive this ATC clearance: CLEARED TO THE ABC VORTAC. HOLD WEST ON…? DIRECT ONLY

-You receive this ATC clearance: CLEARED TO THE XYZ VORTAC. HOLD NORTH…? DIRECT ONLY

-You receive this ATC clearance: HOLD EAST OF THE ABC VORTAC…?  PARALLEL ONLY

-You receive this ATC CLEARANCE: HOLD WEST OF ONE FIVE dme fix on the zero nine zero radial…?    1, DIRECT

-Your aircraft had the static pressure system and altimeter test and inspected on JANUARY 5…: JANUARY 31ST, 2 YEARS ONCE

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A particular VOR station is undergoing routine maintenance. This is evidenced by during recoveries from unusual altitudes level flight is attained the instant Under which condition does ATC issue a STAR? The heading on a remote indicating compass is 5° to the left of that desired. What action is required to move the desired heading under the heading reference? What is the flight attitude? One system which transmits information to the instruments has malfunctioned. What indication should a pilot receive when a VOR station is undergoing maintenance and may be considered unreliable? When a VOR/DME is collocated under frequency pairings and the VOR portion is inoperative, the DME identifier will repeat at an interval of To ensure proper airspace protection while in a holding pattern above 14,000 feet in a propeller-driven airplane, what is the maximum indicated airspeed a pilot should use? a particular instrument approach procedure requires a minimum climb rate of 210 feet What route should you take if cleared for the Washoe Two Departure and your assigned rte is V6 How can the pilot determine, for an ILS runway equipped with MALSR, that there may be a penetration of the obstacle identification surfaces (OIS), and care should be taken in the visual segment to avoid any obstacles? lenguaje textuaL The glide slope and localizer are centered, but the airspeed is too fast. Which should be adjusted initially? to ensure proper airspace protection while holding at 5,000 feet in a civil turbojet airplane, what is the recommended maximum indicated airspeed a pilot should use? What degree of turbulence, if any, is likely to be encountered when checking a dual vor system by use of a vot, which illustration indicates the vors are satisfactory? What effect will a change in wind direction have upon maintaining a 3° glide slope at a constant true airspeed? During normal operation of a vacuum-driven attitude indicator, what attitude indication should you see when rolling out from a 180° skidding turn to straight-and-level coordinated flight? if a pilot enters the condition of flight in the pilot logbook To ensure proper airspace protection while in a holding pattern in a propeller driven civil aircraft, what is the recommended maximum airspeed at 7,000 feet? steady precipitation, in contrast to showers, preceding a front is an indication of