REIGN OF ISABELLA II (1833-1868)
It is divided into two stages: the minority and the coming of age of the queen. The minority ranged from 1833 to 1844. At first his mother María Cristina (1833-1840) was in charge of the regency.
The regent had to rely on the liberals to defend the throne of his daughter, for this he accepted the Royal Statute (1834) and then the Constitution of 1837. The war against the Carlist forced her to accept the confiscation proposed by Minister Mendizábal, who He put the Church's goods on sale. In 1839, the Carlists were defeated and accepted the Vergara Convention, signed by the liberal general Espartero and the Carlist Maroto. After the failure of the Law of City Councils, Maria Cristina cedes the regency to Espartero, leader of the progressive liberals, in 1840. The moderate general Narvaez faced Espartero, who went into exile in London. The age of majority is divided into three periods:
Década Moderada (1844-1854):General Narváez is the most important political figure, who imposed the moderate constitution of 1845. The provinces are also created, the Civil Guard is founded, the disentailment is halted and the first railroads are built.
Bienio Progresista (1854-1856):The progressives rise to power after a pronouncement (La Vicalvarada). Espartero formed a government that lasted two years. The Law of Railroads was promulgated and the Confiscation of Madoz was carried out in 1855, which affected the common and municipal properties.
Crisis Política (1856-1868): The reign of Isabel II enters crisis. The governments of O'Donnell, leader of the Liberal Union party and Narvaez, leader of the moderate party, followed one another. Military operations are carried out in Indochina and Mexico. In 1868 the Glorious Revolution, after the pronouncements of Topete, Prim and Serrano, led Elizabeth II into exile.