Literature

Classified in Language

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The origins of language:
It originated in the Latin vulgaris degraded and fragmented in various Romance languages. This process took place centuries VII and VIII. The earliest texts date from the twelfth century: The Forum ludicum dOrganya and the Homilies.
Medieval Literature:
Catalan language embraces the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth. The prose works written in Catalan reached a principle of good quality and variety that can not be compared to the rest of Romance Literatures.

Prose:
The moral and religious prose Ramon Llull put the foundations of Catalan literary scholars and surprised by the maturity of his prose, and Francis Eiximenis San Vicente Ferrer, promoted the dissemination of Christian doctrine and morality.
The historical narrative-a narrative literary dalli cronikes are experienced or personally witnessed oral or written next to the facts. The intention was to defend the great chroniclers Catalan politics of the Catalan kings.
The moral and philosophical prose Lautor-month theme is highlighted in akesta Bernat Metge, k in his works reflected discussions about classical medieval culture: the immortality of lanima, good and evil, Lamor, a woman ...
The chivalric novel-in Curial e Akester genus senmarken Guelph, work anonymously, and Tirant lo Blanc, by Will Eisner. K skyrocketed novels are fantastic tradition of the issues arising from the court of King Arthur.
Poetry:
XII-XIII centuries-akesta in first stage and see q Catalan troubadours wrote in Occitan, the most prominent were William of William and Berguedà of Cabestany.
Fourteenth century and beginning of the XV-Catalan poets remained linked to aketa poetik approach. Poets like Gliabert of Próixita, and Andreu Febrer Jordi de Sant Jordi.
Fifteenth-century Ausias Marc allunyarse the troubadour tradition and produced a highly original poetry, focusing on the idea of spiritual suffering produces q Lamor.
Literature between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries:
Catalan literature was cultivated into a decline due to social and political factors, notably the shift in Castellar de la royal court, and progressive loss of political sovereignty and cultural.
The Renaissance-16th century, situated lhome q lunivers center. Cristofor DESPUIG, Seraph Peter and John Smith.
The 17th century Baroque-k x expresses the spiritual crisis caused the religious wars, and Francesc Fontanella Francesc Vicent Garcia.
The illegal lusitracio-18th century, in Lesser k recover trusted in the possibility of human and educate racionalmente. Bladiri Reixac Baro of Malda and Joan Ramis.
The popular literature based on oral tradition is maintained. The most representative genera dakesta literature pertaining to the poetry, prose, the profane, religious drama and theater.
The literature in the 19th century (Renaissance)
It is a literary movement and dabast dambis Catalan cultural and political. Its promoters claimant recover lexpressio educated literary Catalan language and incorporate some of the most significant trends of contemporary European literature, concretamente Romanticism and Realism.
Lany 1833 publication of the nation of Loda Bonaventura Carles Aribau fact k is often seen as start of the Renaissance.
Lany 1841, Joaquín Rubio y Ors posed a double challenge: to create a literature independent of Spanish and learned it inspiranse fen in medieval and restaurant desserts claseics Floral Games, the movement was consolidated in different genera, such as those Angel Guimera, Narcis Oller and Jacinto Verdaguer. The revival reached its peak in the decades of seventy and eighty, and was displaced by modernism in the last decade of the century.
Language, literature and match:
The Catalan language was in the 19th century, immersed in a situation diglosia k comportaba maintaining the country's own language in private and Suso oral and progressive taxation of state languages.
The cultivation of serious literature in the Catalan language, the authors of the Renaissance are considered heirs of classical literature of the troubadours and medieval Catalans.
The identification between Catalan and patria k Grandma perpetrate prioritize the feeling of belonging to our culture x damun of state assignment.
Literary creation in Catalan became an option consekuencies cultural, civil and politika.
Contemporary literature: Sinica in the last decade of the 19th century and throughout the 20th century siesta until lactualitat.
- Modernism: the movement comes to be dominant between 1891 and 1911 K and Europeanize intended normalize our literature after the period of the Renaissance. Caterina Albert and Joan Maragall.
- Noucentisme: lestetika was the dominant ideology and between 1906 and 1923. Was the service plans dedesenvolupament economic and political dautonomia k persecuted Catalan bourgeoisie. In the literary field, and were prioritized lassaig poetry detrimento in the novel. Eigen back and Josep Carner.
- Avant-garde: they were breaking radical movements am the literary tradition mol assets between 1916 and 1938 and focused on poetry. Joan Salvat Papasseit and JV Foix.
-During the '20s and '30s there was a renovation k affect different literary genres: poetry was developed symbolist tradition; was retake am quite novel and theater scene. Carles Riba, Josep Maria Josep Pla and Sagarra.
-The literature of war and postwar lexili. The situation dederrota war and genocide within the cultural and linguistic condition was heavily promoted by frankisme Catalan literature between 1939 and 1959. John Oliver, and Mercedes Salvador Espriu Rodoreda.
-Throughout the '60s and '70s saw a renewed literary importance, will dadaptarse am new to the social and cultural life in Akella years. Pere Calders, Manuel Pedrolo Miquel Marti i Pol and John Carpenter.
-80s so far, Catalan literature is immersed in the same normalization process k language and culture alive

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