Locke

Classified in Social sciences

Written at on English with a size of 5.11 KB.

 

MAIN WORKS

·An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1684)

oEmpiriscism. Not as pessimistic as Hobbes.

oTabula Rasa. Had more faith in education to Change people when they are children.

oLimits To human capacity for understanding

·A Letter Concerning Toleration (1689)

oSeparation Of church and state. In order to live in peace people need to have religious Toleration, separating church from the state.

oConverstion Through persuasion. Stop people forcing them by violence, only through Persuasion, the solution to the religious wars was to remove wars. There were Religion wars to control the state. If you separate religion from the coercive Capacity of the state you eliminate the source of conflict. States should allow Freedom of conscious. Government should be separated from religion.

·Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)

All of his works were released in 1689. Before The Glorious Revolution in 1688, all works were banned in England.

FUNDAMENTAL CONSTITUTIONS OF CAROLINA (1669)

·Modern” considerations

Tolerance for protestant sects. Admission of Censitary suffrage. Democratic liberal state will survive with the intervention Of the people.

·“Pre-modern” considerations

Slaves and servants were prevailing, (the idea Was to invest in human trade) landgraves-caciques and lord proprietors. These Were the three new juridical statuses (Locke was troubled in accepting slave Trade). Furthermore, we can find two categories: the hereditary, which would Include the landgraves and caziques, and the owners of the land “Lord Proprietors”.

TWO TREATISES ON CIVIL GOVERNMENT (1689)

·To support the rising on the exclusion crisis

This is associated with the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Two pieces of political thought to legitimate. Revolution can’t be justified unless the leviathan is unstable. If a government becomes tyrannical, the people have the duty to rebel: this was Lockes’ central idea. Becoming tyrannical includes things such as violating your ability to pursue happiness or taking away your freedom, between others. In these cases, revolution is justified. 

·The First Treaty examines the Bibles to refute Robert Filmer

The idea was to examine in depth the Bible to base justifications of just power. There was nothing in the Old or New Testament that justified absolute power. Luis XIV claimed that he had been made King by the grace of God. He described three types of power in the bible: patriarchal (the power of a man in his family), political (doesn’t necessarily mean monarchical) and despotic (tyrannical and absolute power). Therefore, nowhere in the bible justifies for instance the rule of Luis XI “the Saint King”: typical example of absolute power “I am the state”.

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