HENRY VIII (1491-1547) England from 1509. 2nd Tudor Monarch. Known for his 6 marriages & efforts to have the 1st, Catherine of Aragon,Anne Boleyn. The Pope,not allow divorce, Catholich-marriage for life. Henry made Church officials swear that he was Leader=arrange his divorce. Act Supremacy (1534)head. The chief’s minister place was taken by Thomas Cromwell.Declared monks who spoke against him traitors executed.1536-1540 Henry ordered the closing Roman Catholic monasteries & convents. Dissolution of the Monasteries.During this Thomas More beheaded for refusing to accept king Henry VIIIELISABETH I (1533-1603) The Virgin Queen/Gloriana, Queen of England &Ireland from 1558. Last monarch House of Tudor&daughter of Henry VII &Anne Boleyn. Most glorious queen Of England. CHURCH LAWS. Anglican,she tried not to oppress the Catholics as her Predecessors had. Forced accept Supreme Governor Church of England Rather than the title of Supreme Head, considered unacceptable for a woman. The New Act of Supremacy became law on May 1559. THE REPUBLIC. Oliver Cromwell Period(1649-1660)known as the Commonwealth of England. It was at this time when England and Wales, later along with Ireland & Scotland, was ruled as a Republic following the end of the 2 Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. Due to frequent fights of the different parliamentary forces the 3 English Civil War happened. The leaders were Oliv Cromwell(1653-1658) & Richard Cromwell(1658-1659).In 1653 the period that now we know as the Protectorate occurred. Was an English military leader & Member of Parliament.Lord Protector & England a Republic. THE RESTORATION Charles I, executed on January 1649, in EnglisCivilWar.Although the Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II king on Feb1649, England entered the period Known as English Interregnum orthe English Commonwealth, and country led by Oliver Cromwell, who became virtual dictator of England, Scotland & Ireland and Charles 9 years in exile.A political crisis that Followed the death of Cromwell 1658 resulted in the restoration of monarchy & Charles was invited to return to Britain. May 1660, received in London to public acclaim. 1st ARRIVALSEuropeans who cross the Atlantic, Disembark on land unsettled by Europeans, find a site, and begin to build with The intention of staying. VIRGINIA COMP. commercial trading Company chartered by King James I of England in april 1606. The aim was Establish a permanent colony in America that would make a profit.They thought That if they could convert all of the Powhatans to Christianity it would help The survival & economy of Jamestown. 2 divisions:The Plymouth Company &London Company. Planters required, were provided with housing, clothing,food.John Rolfe-Caribbean tobacco. 1621, Company trouble: The Company debt over £9000. Dissolved 1624.