The Preface is a series of epigrams, or concise, Witty sayings, that express the major points of Oscar Wilde’s aesthetic Philosophy. In short, the epigrams praise beauty and repudiate the notion that Art serves a moral purpose.
Symbolism is a figure of speech that is used when an author wants to create a certain mood or emotion in a work of literature. It is the use of an object, person, situation or word to represent something else, like an idea, in literature. Some common types of symbolism include Metaphors and allegory.
Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts.
The Opium Dens
The opium dens, located in a remote and derelict section of London, represent the sordid state of Dorian’s mind.
James Vane is less a believable character than an embodiment of Dorian’s tortured conscience.
The Yellow Book
Lord Henry gives Dorian a copy of the yellow book as a gift.The book represents the profound and damaging influence that art can have over an individual and serves as a warning to those who would surrender themselves so completely to such an influence.