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The Lyric since 1939:
The renovation in the early twentieth century poetry: modernism and Generation of '98:
Since the late S. Nineteenth to early S. XX is considered a turbulent period in several ways:
In Spain is characterized by political instability until 1939 with the aim of the first civil war, until this year will be held major events like the appointment of Amadeus of Savoy, the proclamation of the First Republic, the Bourbon restoration, the disaster of '98 the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, the advent of the Second Republic and the outbreak of the Civil War.
In European policy, the situation is similar in 1914 World War I broke out and in 1917 the Rev. Rusa.
- During this period takes place migration movements of the Spanish countryside to the city, causing an increase in the urban proletariat and the development of major labor unions.
The bourgeoisie is becoming more power and trigger conflicts between social classes.
- The intellectuals and artists live this moment as a time of crisis and try to give each answer, in Spain encountered what must be done to solve the existing problems were three positions: the modernists, the generation of 98 and Krausists and generation.

Modernism:
The authors conducted a thorough modernist literary renewal, which is a thematic renewal in highlighting the romantic angst, love and eroticism, exoticism, cosmopolitanism, the use of symbol and myth, the indigenous and the occult or religious.
- Renewal of poetic language as well, using color, sound effects words and the resort to a vocabulary that refers to realities unusual unusual and exquisite.
- The metric also lives this renewal, the verses used are the Alexandrian, the endecasyllable, the dodecasyllabic the hendecasyllable and octosyllable.
The favorite verse is the sonnet, and the alternating stress consonant and assonance.
- Modernism had its origin in Latin America, Ruben Dario specificity was who gave the movement with three fundamental books of poetry: Blue .., Profane Prose and Songs of life and hope.
- There is a twofold movement, a more aesthetic and a more intimate and reflective. The latter, more concerned with existential issues and intimate, will be victorious in Spain, thanks to authors such as Ramón Jiménez, Valle-Inclan and the Machado brothers.
The Group of 98:

The works of writers who make up this group revolve around two basic problems: the issue of Spain and existential concerns.
Regarding the first, adopting a critical stance to the situation of the country and are aware that living in a backward country, but believe that Spain will come out of this situation when her intellectual citizens aware of this.
The other issue relates to everything related to the meaning of life, man's destiny and religious beliefs.
The members of this generation put their literature in the service of their concerns, and this is reflected in his novels.
Detected a significant influence of philosophers like Nietzstche irrationalists.
Authors emphasize as Maezteu Ramiro de Pio Baroja, Azorin, Unamuno, Machado and Valle-Inc.
The renovation in the early twentieth century poetry: The Vanguards and the Generation of '27:
Vanguards in Spain:
They develop a series of avant-garde movements: Futurism, Cubism, Dadaism, Surrealism, ultraism and creationism. They seek a new art that moves away from the imitation of reality.
Those who have more influence on the poets of the Generation of '27 are:
"Futurism, and its promotion of mechanical and technological civilization will appear in Pedro Salinas, who dedicated a poem to the typewriter (Underwood girls) and Rafael Alberti.
"Also Creationism, whose principal is poet Gerardo Diego (Manual of foam).
"But Surrealism is the most influential avant-garde. This movement sought to unleash the creative power of man, and in order to record the moods resorted to techniques like automatic writing. In Spain Lorca stands with "poet in NY"
-Please note the importance of Ramon Gomez de la Serna, creator of the outcry, hilarious metaphor.


The Generation of '27:
In the 20 breaks through a generation of poets of exceptional quality.
The date 1927 refers to significant events as the third anniversary of the death of Gongora, or publication in this year of significant books as Lorca's gypsy ballads.
Among the most outstanding poets find Pedro Salinas, Jorge Guillén, FGLorca, or Alberti.
We must summon Juan.R. Jimenez and Ortega y Gasset, as two figures who have held a master's degree on these poets. One at the poetic and the other in the ideological and theoretical.
There are three stages:
1 - Up
to 1927, he felt the influence of the early avant-garde. JRJimenez them toward pure poetry.
2 - 1927 through the Civil War began a process of re-humanization.
3 - after the war. Lorca died in 1936, and most went into exile, so the group dispersed.
The most prominent of this group is their ability to blend tradition and avant-garde and the cultured and the popular. His love for the classics was immense, especially by Gongora, although this approach did not prevent the avant-garde.
The themes of his works dealt with the great issues of human
The Poetry of the 40s: The Civil War marked a break in all walks of life and of course in poetry. The Generation of 36 born split into two opposing groups:
Poetry strong: it consists of Rosales and Luis Felipe Vivanco among others, share a religious feeling that just wants to forget the war finished. Write themes about God, nature, love and family. They publish their poems in journals such as the Escorial.
Poetry rootless: in 1944 there emerged a movement opposed to the former. The authors of this group are not satisfied with the world around them. His poetry is directly engaged and in which what matters is the content rather than form. Stresses Eugenio de Nora.
Poetry of Exile: because of the civil war, large numbers of Spanish writers were exiled from Spain, most continued to write where they were,could speak their minds and expose what in Spain should have been silent. Said Rafael Alberti and Pedro Salinas.
SOCIAL POETRY OF THE 50s: It develops a poem concerned with human problems, injustice and misery. Rehumanize is a poetry that serves as the instrument of denunciation and social commitment. The language is easy to be understood by all, since what matters is the content. This poetry is influenced by Antonio Machado.
Gabriel Celaya: are the authors had contacts with the 27 who came in contact with surrealism. Before the Civil War published tide of silence, and his poetry after it is dumped to the social concerns and issues are things like others.
YEARS OF POETRY 60: The form of the poems is gaining in importance compared to the content.
The authors and are not confined exclusively to social issues, but involve human subjects of all kinds.
Angel Gonzalez is the best representative of the social poetry of the sixties. Its predominant theme is love. Hopeless published in 1961 where some of his memories of the war,
Word on word represents a break from his previous work because it is a love poem book. He received the Prince of Asturias Prize and a member of the SAR.
POETRY OF THE 70s: The authors of this promotion are ignoring social issues and fix their gaze on the authors of 27, especially those grown Surrealism in Lorca. Huyen realism and covers topics such as love or skepticism.
Manuel Vazquez Montalban: since the publication of A Sentimental Educationto Prague, is constantly evolving in terms of themes, movements and poetic forms.
One of his most important works are
Verses on the Death of My Aunt Danielle and the shadow of blossoming girls.
POETRY FROM THE 80 TO TODAY: There is a tendency prevalent, and the characteristics of the poetry of this period are quite different:
1. The authors are geographically dispersed, unlike the modernists in Paris or the generation of 27 in the Student Residence.
2. There are a large number of poetry competitions, thus encouraging that the number of authors and publications is very high.
3. It detects a respect for literary tradition and a certain continuity of certain trends.
4. Stresses pluralism poetry.
5. Many of the poems tend to be narrative or even colloquial also often located in urban environments.
6. Autobiographism, humor and irony.
Antonio Galan is one of the best known authors of our current literature. He has successfully cultivated poetry, fiction and drama. Contributes regularly to newspapers and magazines d all kinds.
The common theme of his poetry is love in all its forms: excited, disappointed, in youth, in old age ..
Cordoba and highlight Poems Love poems.

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