Decolonisation Was the process by which many Countries in Asia and Africa, Which had formed part of the European imperial colonies until the Second World War, had the opportunity to become politically independent. This did not mean Sovereignty on an economic, social and cultural level, as many of the new countries continued to depend economically on their former mother Country or on new World powers which continued to exploit their resources. This new phenomenon received the name of neo-colonialism.
Several factors influenced the major 20th-century processes of decolonisation to Some degree:
-The loss of European hegemony after the Second World War.
-The Cold War, in which the USA and the USSR tried to expand their spheres of influence.
-o The rise of nationalism in Asia and Africa.
-The defence of the right to self-determination, recognised in Articles 73 and 74 of the UN Charter.
The decolonisation of Asia
Decolonisation in Asia Started after the Second World War and affected all European empires. Great Britain tolerated decolonisation, while the Netherlands and France used military intervention to oppose it, causing violent processes of segregation. The freedom movements had different aims, although most of them were headed by nationalist leaders educated in European mother countries.