Constitution of Weimar
The Republic of Weimar was proclaimed, also called “the accidental republic”. The Constitution of Weimar was published in 1919, it was considered to be the most democratic constitution of all times.
This constitution gave considerable power to the president and emergency decree power (emergency crisis). This is in the well known Article 48.
The proportional representation: the Reichstag was elected by universal suffrage.
On the other hand, the Reichsrat were representatives from the Länder.
Another important change was that women were allowed to vote.
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles, called by the german people as “the Diktat” was a peace treaty at the end of World War I between Germany and the allied powers. This treat counted with the Wilson 14 points, which was an international policy.
In the treaty there were three main points:
- Demilitarization: the army and the navy where reduced. (Rhineland)
- Land: colonies such as Alsace - Loraine was given back to France. Saar was given back to Poland.
In the same year, the communists tried to seize power, but failed. This was the Spartacist League, with Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg in it.