Marx and Nietzsche Comparison

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

Written at on English with a size of 7.38 KB.


Comparison: Both authors are considered as the philosophers of suspicion. Despite the great differences between them, the philosophies of Marx and Nietzsche show the shortcomings of the founding notion of subject, which had been the starting point on which modern philosophy had developed. Both have noted how the basis of the notion of conscience is hidden: key social, economic and ideological (Marx), a morality received and spawned from a grudge against life (Nietzsche). The notion loses its regulator. Marx is a materialist view, influenced by Hegel's dialectic: everything is matter. Its design is "historical materialism": the political and social changes occur from changes occurring in the material basis of society, modes of production. For Marx, history is a continuous class struggle. This aspect is influenced by Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, sees the world as will to power as a balance between active and reactive forces. Nietzsche is a vitalist, and also believes that art is the key to understanding the world. On the Theory of Knowledge, Marx is influenced by positivism (to the point of calling what he does "scientific socialism") and Hegel's dialectic in which is an engine of change and transformation of society. Nietzsche criticizes the language and metaphors that are transformed into concepts. He criticizes science (mechanism and positivism) because only provides quantitative relationships, eliminate the qualitative differences and does not penetrate what things are. He believes that the lie can be more than the truth when it favors to life, says that the senses show us the reality and reason deceives us. Marx believed that the essence of human being is the work and relationships with nature and with other beings. For Nietzsche the human being is a bridge between animal and superman. The main thing for Nietzsche, are the instincts, the body, the irrational, Dionysian. Marx believed that the world today is ruled by a bourgeois morality, the result of current economic structure. For him all the cultural products of a capitalist society, are only manifestations of a unified capitalist ideology. For Marx, ideologies are what make possible alienation. Nietzsche believes that there are two moralities: masters and slaves. Believe that the gentlemen should send and slaves obey. Within the slave morality distinguishes two: Marxism and Christianity. Criticizes those moral and Christian criticism for its decadent values and revaluation. Marx sees politics as the struggle of classes: bourgeoisie and proletariat. The revolution will think of scientific socialism, and all end with the final victory of communism. Nietzsche believed that the mass must obey the great man, genius. At this point you are totally against both authors. They are both atheists. Marx: there is no God or a human dimension to the transcendent. Nietzsche speaks of the death of God: he believes that God is not needed in today's society, no good man. Regarding the philosophy of history, Marx believe in historical materialism and the explanation of the story from the economy.Nietzsche believed that history is a decline from the Greeks. For him, time is circular and set the "eternal return."

Marx's philosophy is quite different from previously studied by philosophers, because Marxist philosophy will find its maximum practical realization to be assumed by the proletariat in its struggle. Usually they say that each person is and acts as she thinks and this is often true because I believe that what really characterizes and differentiates people from one another is their way of thinking, that is, their thinking. In this respect I am against the views of Marx, because he said that what characterizes a society, and hence the human being, not their ideology or thought, but it is their job. And his own work in turn influences their thinking. Personally I disagree with this view because for example I now I have to decide what career to make, I'm waiting for my career, I check my ideology or thought, but I am looking for a career that is compatible with my personality with my thoughts and ideology, although I know that the work itself or just brush shaping thought, but I would argue that the work never defines humanity, but neither can be assured that it is only the thought that defines a human being but a mixture of both global sense giving people themselves. Marx says that all these aspects: ideas, beliefs, values, ... people (superstructure) change by the changes made in the infrastructure. In this respect it is not that against the Marxist view, but I believe that not only affects the mind work, there are other factors leading to that change, such as actions by some people who have as idealized or failure of certain acts, among others. As for a classless society think it is the utopia of all those who fought for a just world. Only if all the inhabitants of the planet would abandon conscience and egotism, the classless society would be possible, but as there are people who think only of themselves are not able to pare down its high standard of living to get the match rest. And I'm sure, until the bosses do not stop navel-gazing, this company will continue to enslave the Third World and therefore will continue classes. As for his current term, to implement the Marxist model is infeasible, as it would be an utter failure at present, but if all that is important to have led to the Marxist analysis of capitalism, as this has raised awareness and helped drive much at present to overcome inequalities. Capital: The value valoriza.La initial form of capital is a mass of money whose use in the capitalist production process allows its owner to obtain a larger amount than the first. The money used to purchase machinery and raw materials on the one hand, and labor on the other, ie constant capital and variable capital. Once you have constant and variable capital, the capitalist can organize the production of a given asset, the value of a unit of that good must be greater than the sum of the parts of constant and variable capital that have been used in its production. Thus, when all constant and variable capital acquired has been spent, where they have been consumed as raw materials has expired contract workers, the money from the sale of the produce has to be greater than originally invested .

Entradas relacionadas: