- Rostow goes a step further than Lipset and in “The States of economic growth”he identifies 5 stages to get to democracy, applicable to any society in the world:
- The starting point is traditional economy where most of the population is rural
- Then the pre-conditions and early industrialization: ability to explote agricultural development more effectively
- Take-off: fast industrialization and urbanization
- Maturation: economy slows down to a more conscience way
- Mass consumption = mass production. This is spread to society // He locates the take-off and the maturation period of different countries with different regimes (USA take-off period between 1843-1860 and maturation period in 1900)
CRITICS // There were different critics on Modernization Theory: // The political factor (internal or external revolutions and wars) was not taken into account: even the most educated democracies like the German could turn into radicalism (Germany during the Weimar Republic undermine by Nazis). // Another author, Tatu Vahanen, made a comparative study of 147 states and came to the conclusion that there was a relation between economy and democracy BUT he doesn’t see that a country should be modern to have a democracy, one is the consequence of the other. Yes to correlation but no to causality. // Moreover, Perzworski and Limongi hold that democracy survives better in wealthy countries but it doesn’t mean democracy is the consequence of economic growth. Yes to correlation but no to causality: if it was the cause it will be easy, become wealthy and you will automatically become democratic.